Collagenase and Needle Aponeurotomy: Single Modality Versus Combination Treatment for Dupuytren's Disease

U

University of Alberta

Status and phase

Withdrawn
Phase 3

Conditions

Dupuytren Contracture

Treatments

Drug: Collegenase injection
Procedure: Needle aponeurotomy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01776892
Dupuytren's 001

Details and patient eligibility

About

Dupuytren's disease results in deformity of the hand and this can lead to trouble with daily activities. Treatment traditionally involves cutting out diseased tissue, however this can cause damage to important structures in the hand and results in large scars. Needle aponeurotomy and collagenase injections are newer treatments that are thought to be safer. These treatments allow quicker return to function. One drawback is that Dupuytren's deformity may return more quickly than when all diseased tissue is surgically cut out. This research study is designed to compare the effectiveness of needle aponeurotomy and collagenase injection for Dupuytren's disease. This study will determine which procedure gives the best results- either needle aponeurotomy, collagenase injection, or both procedures in combination. Participants will be evaluated to see how they do in the long term.

Full description

Dupuytren's disease is a benign proliferative disorder of the palmar fascia. It results in progressive thickening and contracture of fibrous bands on the volar surface of the palm and fingers as a result of excessive myofibroblast activity. Patients develop longitudinal cords which may lead to progressive joint contractures. Dupuytren's disease limits hand function and can diminish quality of life. The most commonly used technique for treatment is open limited fasciectomy. The cumulative complication rate ranges from 14-67% and includes nerve division (2-5%), infection (4-12%), neurapraxia (0.4-52%), and regional pain syndrome (2-13%). The recurrence rate of Dupuytren's disease after fasciectomy is approximately 50% at 5 years. Recently, interest in needle aponeurotomy and collagenase clostridium histolyticum injection have increased as alternative treatment modalities for Dupuytren's disease. Both procedures can be performed in an outpatient clinic, have limited downtime, allow earlier return to work, and are associated with significantly fewer serious complications than open fasciectomy. Needle aponeurotomy and collagenase injection are less invasive than fasciectomy, however they are associated with higher rates of disease recurrence. Numerous studies investigating the effectiveness and safety of needle aponeurotomy and collagenase injection studies have been published. To date, there is no published literature about the use of these techniques in combination for the treatment of Dupuytren's disease. The investigators propose to follow the patient population of a single surgeon performing needle aponeurotomy in combination with collagenase injection to determine the effectiveness of this combination treatment. Patients treated with combination treatment will be compared to patients treated with a single modality- either needle aponeurotomy or collagenase injection. Patients will be assessed pre and post operatively to evaluate functional status and the degree of joint contracture. Patient satisfaction, adverse events, recurrence, and repeat treatment rates will also be determined.

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 18 years of age or older
  • Metacarpophalangeal joint contracture between 20-100 degrees OR proximal interphalangeal joint contracture between 20-80 degrees
  • Positive table top test, defined as the inability to simultaneously place the affected finger and palm flat on a table

Exclusion criteria

  • Use of an anticoagulant within 7 days before the beginning of the study, excluding aspirin
  • Bleeding disorder
  • Recent stroke
  • Allergy to collagenase
  • A chronic muscular, neurologic, or neuromuscular disorder affecting the hands
  • Previous treatment of the affected joint within 90 days before the beginning of the study
  • Use of a tetracycline derivative within 14 days before the beginning of the study
  • Pregnancy
  • Breast feeding
  • Premenopausal woman, not using contraception

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

0 participants in 3 patient groups

Collagenase and needle aponeurotomy
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in this arm of the study will be treated once with needle aponeurotomy and up to 3 times at 4 week intervals with collagenase injection. Affected Dupuytren's cords will be treated with 1-3 collagenase clostridium histolyticum injections at 4 week intervals, based on clinical response of the contracture. Cords will be treated until motion of the joint is within 0-5 degrees of normal, for up to 3 total injections. Percutaneous needle aponeurotomy will be performed using an 18 gauge needle. The needle is inserted through the skin into the Dupuytren's cord. The needle is moved very slowly through the cord until complete rupture of the cord is obtained.
Treatment:
Procedure: Needle aponeurotomy
Drug: Collegenase injection
Needle aponeurotomy
Active Comparator group
Description:
Percutaneous needle aponeurotomy will be performed using an 18 gauge needle. The needle is inserted through the skin into the Dupuytren's cord. The needle is moved very slowly through the cord until complete rupture of the cord is obtained. Participant feedback is obtained throughout the procedure to prevent digital nerve or flexor tendon injury. Participants are asked to report Tinel's sign which indicates that the needle is in close proximity to the digital nerve and to report pain with needle advancement which indicates proximity to the flexor tendon.
Treatment:
Procedure: Needle aponeurotomy
Collagenase injection
Active Comparator group
Description:
Collagenase clostridium histolyticum will be used to treat participants in this arm of the study. Affected cords will be treated with 1-3 collagenase injections at 4 week intervals, based on clinical response of the contracture. Cords will be treated until motion of the joint is within 0-5 degrees of normal, for up to 3 total injections. Metacarpophalangeal cords will be injected with 0.58mg (10 000 units) of collagenase in 0.25ml of sterile diluent. Proximal interphalangeal cords will be injected with 0.58mg (10 000 units) of collagenase in 0.20ml of sterile diluent.
Treatment:
Drug: Collegenase injection

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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