Collection of Airway, Blood and/or Urine Specimens From Subjects for Research Studies

Weill Cornell Medicine (WCM) logo

Weill Cornell Medicine (WCM)

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Scleroderma-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease (SSC-ILD)
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)
Rheumatoid Arthritis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease (RA-ILD)
Smoking
Smoking Cessation
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other
Industry
NIH

Identifiers

NCT01776398
1204012331
1R01HL107882-01 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to obtain biologic materials from the blood, airways and/or urine of normal individuals and individuals with lung disease. The normal are used to establish a set of normal ranges for various parameters. These provide control information when compared to individuals with various pulmonary diseases, and will help in understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of various lung diseases. The underlying hypothesis is that the pathologic morphological changes in the airway epithelium must be preceded by changes in the gene expression pattern of the airway epithelium and potentially in macrophages.

Full description

This is a protocol to obtain blood, urine and/or airway specimens from normal individuals and individuals with lung disorders in order to carry out laboratory studies looking at genetic expression, gene transfer, infection, proteins, human genes, and to store specimens for future genetic studies. Specimens collected may include blood, urine and airway samples (nasal, airway brushing, biopsy and/or washings) from consenting subjects. Subjects will include both individuals diagnosed with lung disease and healthy control subjects. The purpose of this study is to obtain biologic materials from the blood, airways and/or urine of normal individuals and individuals with lung disease. The normal are used to establish a set of normal ranges for various parameters. These provide control information when compared to individuals with various pulmonary diseases, and will help in understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of various lung diseases. The investigators will use bronchoscopy (inserting a scope into the lungs) to obtain airway cells by brushing, biopsy and/or washings in individuals with lung disease and in healthy controls. By studying those cells, the investigators hope to learn more about the specific causes of lung disease, how lung disease manifests and progresses, and how lung disease can be treated.

Enrollment

2,000 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Group 1.1 - HEALTHY VOLUNTEER RESEARCH SUBJECTS (Healthy as defined by those not having lung disease and inclusive of: all races, ethnicities, sex, HIV status, smoking status and multiple birth status, etc., within the general population. Smoking status is defined for individuals that may use any of the following: cigarettes, pipes, E-cigarettes, waterpipe, shisha, etc.):

  • All study subjects should be able to provide informed consent
  • Males or females ages 18 years and older
  • Must provide HIV informed consent

Group 1.2 - VOLUNTEER RESEARCH SUBJECTS WITH LUNG DISEASE (As defined by those having lung disease or symptoms of lung disease and inclusive of: all races, ethnicities, sex, HIV status, smoking status and multiple birth status, etc., within the general population. Smoking status is defined for individuals that may use any of the following: cigarettes, pipes, E-cigarettes, waterpipe, shisha, etc.):

  • Must provide informed consent
  • Males and females age 18 years and older
  • Lung disease proven by at least one of the following: symptoms consistent with pulmonary disease; (2) chest X-rays consistent with lung disease; (3) pulmonary function tests consistent with lung disease; (4) lung biopsy consistent with lung disease; (5) family history of lung disease; and/or (6) diseases of organs with known association with lung disease
  • Must provide HIV informed consent

Additional Inclusion criteria for CF subjects:

• All CF subjects will be homozygous for the ΔF508 mutation, with mild-moderate lung disease as defined by FEV1 ≥ 50%

Group 2 - WCMC/NYPH CLINICAL PATIENTS

  • Must provide informed consent
  • Males and females, age 18 years and older
  • Lung disease proven by at least one of the following: (1) symptoms consistent with pulmonary disease; (2) chest X-rays consistent with lung disease; (3) pulmonary function tests consistent with lung disease; (4) lung biopsy consistent with lung disease; (5) family history of lung disease; (6) diseases of organs with known association with lung disease, and (7) individuals with the blood eosinophil levels of 5% or greater.

Group 3 - PCNY CLINICAL PATIENTS VOLUNTEER RESEARCH SUBJECTS WITH LUNG DISEASE

  • Must provide informed consent
  • Males and females, age 18 years and older
  • Lung disease proven by at least one of the following: symptoms consistent with pulmonary disease; (2) chest X-rays consistent with lung disease; (3) pulmonary function tests consistent with lung disease; (4) lung biopsy consistent with lung disease; (5) family history of lung disease; and (6) diseases of organs with known association with lung disease

Exclusion criteria

Group 1.1 - HEALTHY VOLUNTEER RESEARCH SUBJECTS

  • Individuals not deemed in good overall health by the investigator during screening visits and/or prior to the bronchoscopy will not be accepted into the study.
  • Individuals with history of chronic lung disease, including asthma or with recurrent or recent (within three months) acute pulmonary disease will not be accepted into the study.
  • Individuals with allergies to atropine or any local anesthetic will not be accepted into the study.
  • Individuals with allergies to pilocarpine, isoproterenol, terbutaline, atropine or aminophylline will not be accepted into the study.
  • Females who are pregnant or nursing will not be accepted into the study

Group 1.2 - VOLUNTEER RESEARCH SUBJECTS WITH LUNG DISEASE

  • Any history of allergies to xylocaine, lidocaine, versed, valium, atropine, pilocarpine, isoproterenol, terbutaline, aminophylline, or any local anesthetic will not be included in the study
  • Individuals deemed unable to complete the bronchoscopy due to health concerns by the investigator.
  • Females who are pregnant or nursing

Additional Exclusion criteria for CF subjects:

Experienced a recent (≤ 8 weeks) pulmonary exacerbation of their disease

Group 2 - WCMC/NYPH CLINICAL PATIENTS

Patient refuses consent

Group 3 - PCNY CLINICAL PATIENTS

Patient refuses consent

Trial design

2,000 participants in 4 patient groups

1.1 HEALTHY SUBJECTS
Description:
Healthy as defined by those not having lung disease and inclusive of: all races, ethnicities, sex, HIV status, smoking status and multiple birth status, etc., within the general population.
1.2 SUBJECTS WITH LUNG DISEASE
Description:
Defined by those having lung disease or symptoms of lung disease and inclusive of: all races, ethnicities, sex, HIV status, smoking status and multiple birth status, etc., within the general population)
2. WCMC/NYPH CLINICAL PATIENTS
Description:
Subjects may be recruited if subjects fit inclusion/exclusion criteria and are deemed eligible to participate as long as informed consent is given. Sample collection will occur during a separate study visit. WCMC/NYPH clinical patients will not undergo any additional procedures listed in this protocol as part of this research study.
3. PCNY CLINICAL PATIENTS
Description:
Subjects may be recruited if subjects fit inclusion/exclusion criteria and are deemed eligible to participate as long as informed consent is given. Sample collection will occur during a separate study visit. Clinical patients seen at the Pulmonary Consultants of New York will only undergo the nasal sample collection and may be asked to have a blood draw of about 2 teaspoons (9ml).

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Niamh Savage

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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