Colorectal Polyps Screening With Low-dose CT Colonoscopy

A

Air Force Military Medical University of People's Liberation Army

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Polyps
Colorectal Neoplasm

Treatments

Radiation: CT colonoscopy(normal dose)
Radiation: CT colonoscopy (low dose)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03064828
KY20162082-1

Details and patient eligibility

About

This preliminary clinical trial aims to evaluate the performance of the low-dose CT colonoscopy (CTC) with computer aided detection (CAD) on polyps detection compared with optical colonoscopy (OC), and explore the possible clinical routine for integrated use of CT colonoscopy and optical colonoscopy OC in colorectal cancer screening.

Full description

CT colonoscopy (CTC), also referred to as virtual colonoscopy (VC), utilizes computer virtual-reality techniques to navigate inside a three-dimensional patient-specific colon model reconstructed from abdominal CT images, looking for colonic lesions, full bowel preparation and colon inflation are needed to perform CTC examination. The clinical trial consists of two major parts: Comparative study on the performance of CTC and OC: 50 subjects will be recruited in this part with written consents. With full bowel preparation, all the volunteers receive CT scans first with inflated colon, then OC followed by the same day, and necessary pathological analysis thereafter. The performance of CTC based on high-resolution CT data, including the number of polyps detected, size, position, etc, will be validated by that of OC with the paired comparison. Integrate use of low-dose CTC with OC for colorectal cancer screening: After the validation of CTC performance, in this part, another 50 subjects will be recruited to explore the integrated use of CTC with OC as a possible and efficient workflow for colorectal cancer screening. In this part, a combination of normal dose and low-dose scan protocols will be employed (e.g., normal dose on supine, low-dose on prone), low-dose CTC based on the low-dose CT scanning protocol and an artifacts reduction technique will be introduced to reduce the radiation risk in screening.

Enrollment

100 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 70 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Subjects with gastrointestinal symptoms potentially suggestive of colorectal cancer, such as diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain or discomfort, rectal bleeding, iron-deficiency anemia, and unintended weight loss.
  • Subjects with pathological confirmed colorectal cancer or polyps that need follow-up examination.
  • Subjects with written consents

Exclusion criteria

  • Subjects with acute colitis
  • Acute diverticulitis
  • Inguinal hernia including colon
  • Colorectal surgery or endoscopic biopsy or resection of polyps within 6 months
  • Known or suspected as colon perforated
  • Complete intestinal obstruction
  • Pregnant or lactating women

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

100 participants in 2 patient groups

CT colonoscopy(normal dose)
Active Comparator group
Description:
Perform CT colonoscopy with full bowel preparation and inflated colon, CT Scans on subjects with normal-dose protocol by setting scanning parameters as 120-140 kilovolts peak (kVp), 100-200mA
Treatment:
Radiation: CT colonoscopy(normal dose)
CT colonoscopy(low dose)
Experimental group
Description:
Perform CT colonoscopy with full bowel preparation and inflated colon, CT Scans on subjects with normal-dose protocol by setting scanning parameters as 120-140 kVp, 20-100mA
Treatment:
Radiation: CT colonoscopy (low dose)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Shuhui Liang, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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