Comparative Effectiveness and Tolerance of Subliminal Subthreshold Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation


Fondation Hôpital Saint-Joseph





Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Glaucoma, progressive optical neuropathy, is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma treatment aims to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) by using medication, laser and surgery. Patients suffering from refractory and advanced glaucoma with impaired visual field who are not good candidates for surgery, cadenced subcleral transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (CPCTSI) is commonly used to reduce IOP. The CPCTSI consists in delivering short bursts of energy (in cycle) to the ciliary body, thus reducing production of aqueous humor. The energy gusts develop sequentially to a photocoagulating state in the pigmented epithelium. They are spaced by rest periods that allow surrounding tissue to cool down and remain below photocoagulative threshold, thus avoiding damage to surrounding tissue. Some studies have shown that the risk of complications increases with higher energies. Complications associated with CPCTSI include prolonged intraocular inflammation, pain, intraocular hemorrhage, hypotonia, phthysis, decreased vision and sympathetic ophthalmia. Severity of these complications depends on collateral damage inflicted on surrounding tissues: ciliary muscles, unpigmented epithelium and stroma of ciliary body. Currently, CPCTSI with a cycle ratio of 25% and 31.3% are used in surgical routine in ophthalmology. Cycle ratio is ratio between duration of gusts and total duration of cycle (gusts and rest periods). At St. Joseph's Hospital, both cycle ratios are used and the choice is operator dependent. However, using CPCTSI with a 25% cycle ratio could have fewer complications while maintaining similar efficacy. To our knowledge, there are no studies comparing these two cycle reports, although they are commonly used in practice. Our objective is to compare the CPCTSI with a cycle ratio of 25% and 31.3%.


40 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with refractory and advanced glaucoma, defined as IOP > 21 mmHg according to maximum tolerated medical treatment, with or without pre-glaucoma surgical procedures and a visual field > 6 MD
  • Patients treated in the GHPSJ ophthalmology department by a CPCTSI with cycle ratios of 25% or 31.3% between January and July 2017
  • Patients who are poor candidates for additional filtration surgery or implantation of glaucoma drainage devices.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients who underwent intraocular surgery in the 2 months prior to CPCTSI
  • Patients who have undergone conventional transscleral laser diode cyclophotocoagulation
  • Patients who object to use of their data for this research.

Trial design

40 participants in 2 patient groups

25% cycle ratio
Patients group treated with CPCTSI at a 25% cycle ratio
31.3% cycle ratio
Patients group treated with CPCTSI at a 31.3% cycle ratio

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