Compare Efficacy and Simplicity of Regional Citrate Anticoagulation With Fixed Dose Versus Adjusted Citrate Program

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College logo

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Critical Illness
Kidney Replacement Disorder
Coagulation; Intravascular

Treatments

Other: fixed citrate doses protocol
Other: adjusted citrate doses protocol

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02663960
ZS-950

Details and patient eligibility

About

Anticoagulation is required to prevent clotting in the extracorporeal circuit during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Regional citrate anticoagulation has many advantages regarding bleeding risk and filter survival. However, in clinical practice, its use worldwide has been limited by cumbersome protocols . In order to establish a simple scheme for universal application. In Aug 2015, the investigators have adopted a new protocol using a fixed citrate concentration in the filter of about 4 mmol/L (called fixed group for short) instead of conventional adjusted citrate doses according to postfilter ionized calcium levels of less than 0.4mmol/l (adjusted group), and speculated the abilities on efficacy and safety as well as convenience.

Full description

Design: This study was conducted as a single-centre, cohort study. All patients older than 18 years of age who required veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) were consecutively screened forward (prospective) or backward (retrospective) from August, 2015 and until the expected sample size was reached. Study protocol: Before and after implementation of a new protocol, apart from the flow rate of any supplementation (Anticoagulant-citrate-dextrose solution, 5% sodium bicarbonate injection and 10% calcium gluconate injection), CVVH was performed using same standards, including devices (Aquarius or Diapact® CRRT), venous catheter (a double lumen 12-F catheter, Arrow International Inc., USA), haemofilter (DIACAP Acute L, 2.0 m2, B. Braun Melsungen AG, Germany), commercial replacement fluids (Na+113, Cl-118, Mg++0.797, Ca++1.60, glucose 10.6mmo/l and zero bicarbonate; Qing-shan-li-kang pharmaceutical Co.,Ltd. Cheng-du, China) and Anticoagulant-citrate-dextrose solution-A (ACD-A) (Na+ 224, citrate 113, bicarbonate 203mmol/l, Fresenius Kabi, Italy) as well as monitoring algorithm. The first sample of postfilter and systemic ionized calcium was done two hours after initiation of CVVH and every six to eight hours during the first 24 hours. Afterwards, these measurements were done according to clinical needs for maintaining normal ionized calcium levels and blood pH value. The group of fixed citrate concentration: ACD-A was administered in the prefilter ahead of the blood pump and the infusion rate was fixed and set to meet a circuit citrate concentration of 4 mmol/l. Calcium Gluconate 10% Injection was infused through the return line of the circuit and the substitution flow was initiated with 0.8 mmol calcium per liter total effluent flow and then be adjusted to obtain systemic ionized calcium levels between 0.90 and 1.2 mmol/l. Sodium bicarbonate 5% injection was infused through the return line of the circuit and the substitution flow was initiated with 3.3% of replacement fluid flow and then be adjusted to obtain blood pH value in the normal range (7.35 to 7.45) The group of adjusted citrate doses:ACD-A was administered in the prefilter ahead of the blood pump and the starting infusion rate was 2.5 % of blood flow and then be adjusted to obtain postfilter ionized calcium levels of less than 0.40 mmol/l. Calcium Gluconate 10% Injection was infused through the return line of the circuit and the substitution flow was initiated with 7.3% of ACD-A flow, and then be adjusted to obtain systemic ionized calcium levels between 0.90 and 1.2 mmol/l. Sodium bicarbonate 5% injection was infused through the return line of the circuit and the starting infusion rate was 4% of replacement fluid flow,and then be adjusted to obtain blood pH value in the normal range (7.35 to 7.45) Statistical analyses: groups were compared by using Fisher's exact test, Student's t test or Mann-Whitney rank-sum test as appropriate. Circuit lifetime was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and survival curves distribution was compared with the Log Rank test. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to identify factors associated with mean filter lifetime in all group patients.

Enrollment

70 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • All patients older than 18 years of age who required CVVH were consecutively screened

Exclusion criteria

  • Requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) at the time of hemofiltration, insufficient data available or missing and running time less than 6 hours

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

70 participants in 2 patient groups

fixed citrate doses protocol
Experimental group
Description:
Fixed citrate doses protocol: Anticoagulant Citrate Dextrose Solution ( Na+ 224, citrate 113, bicarbonate 203mmol/l, Fresenius Kabi, Italy) was administered in the prefilter ahead of the blood pump, which was set to meet a circuit citrate concentration of 4 mmol/l (duration: the maximum time is 72 hrs).
Treatment:
Other: fixed citrate doses protocol
adjusted citrate doses protocol
Active Comparator group
Description:
Adjusted citrate doses protocol: Anticoagulant Citrate Dextrose Solution ( Na+ 224, citrate 113, bicarbonate 203mmol/l, Fresenius Kabi, Italy) was administered in the prefilter ahead of the blood pump, which the starting infusion rate be set 2.5 % of blood flow ( dosage range: 160-250ml/h) and then be adjusted to obtain postfilter ionized calcium levels of less than 0.40 mmol/l (duration: the maximum time is 72 hrs. )
Treatment:
Other: adjusted citrate doses protocol

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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