Comparison Between Pylorus-resecting and Preserving Pancreaticoduodenectomy on Delayed Gastric Emptying and Nutrition

A

Asan Medical Center

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Nutrition
Delayed Gastric Emptying
Pancreaticoduodenectomy

Treatments

Procedure: Pylorus resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05314244
DGE_2022

Details and patient eligibility

About

Pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy has been standard procedure for periampullary benign and malignant disease. Delayed gastric emptying is one of most common complications after the procedure. Recently, pylorus resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy has been actively performed because some studies reported that the procedure can reduce postoperative delayed gastric emptying. However, the level of evidence is low and there was few studies considering nutritional status after pylorus resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy. The purpose of this study is to compare between pylorus-resecting and preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy on postoperative delayed gastric emptying and nutritional status.

Full description

Pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy has been standard procedure for periampullary benign and malignant disease. Delayed gastric emptying is one of most common complications after the procedure. It can lead to delay initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy as well as postoperative recovery. Since 2010, pylorus resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy was introduced to reduce postoperative delayed gastric emptying. The cases have been actively increased. However, several prospective randomized controlled trials reported pylorus resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy did not reduce the incidence or severity of delayed gastric emptying. Recent meta-analysis also showed same results. Previous randomized controlled trials were single center studies participating a relatively small number of patients. A large-scale multicenter study is needed to obtain high level of evidence. And nutritional difference may appear between pylorus preservation and resection groups. Few studies have dealt with nutritional status between two groups. This study aimed to compare between pylorus-resecting and preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy on postoperative delayed gastric emptying and nutritional status in 5 tertiary referral centers in Korea.. A case of pancreaticoduodenectomy with periampullary benign and malignant tumors will be included. The expected number of patients is 394. The pylorus resecting group was performed in the experimental group and the pylorus preserving group was performed in control group. This clinical study is a randomized prospective comparative study of the outcome of pylorus resecting and preserving pancreatoduodenectomy, and the research hypothesis is as follows. Nursing Hypothesis: There is no difference in incidence of delayed gastric emptying between patients who underwent pylorus resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy and patients who underwent pylorus preserving surgery. Alternative Hypothesis: Based on the results of the same operation of the existing institution, the average incidence of delayed gastric emptying for pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy is estimated to be 20%, and the average incidence of delayed gastric emptying for pylorus resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy is estimated to be 10%. The random assignment of this study is assigned according to the order of assignment in the planning stage of the study as a block randomization scheme with appropriate block size set. Plan for recruitment of research subjects : All patients scheduled for open pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic or periampullary lesions will be explained about this study and will be selected after informed consent. Operative method : Both patients underwent conventional open pancreaticoduodenectomy with or without pylorus resection. In the experimental group, stomach resection was performed 1.0cm proximal to pylorus. In the control group, duodenal resection was performed 2.0cm distal to pylorus. Both groups are performed through the same surgical procedure except pylorus preservation or resection and the procedure is as follows. Kocher maneuver is performed to mobilize the duodenum. Omentectomy is performed and the gastrocolic truck is identified and ligated. The stomach or duodenum is cut off using an automatic stapler. A cholecystectomy is performed. The bile duct is cut and the frozen section is checked to confirm whether the tumor is invaded. The hepatic and hepatic arteries are dissected and the surrounding lymph nodes are dissected. The gastroduodenal artery is detached and ligated. The pancreas is cut from the pancreas neck, and the tumor is examined by freezing biopsy. The proximal plant is dissected and cut, and the pancreas uncinate process is released from the superior mesenteric artery and vein. Pancreaticojejunal anastomosis, hepaticojejunal anastomosis, gastrojejunal or duodenojejunal anastomosis are performed. In this case, anastomosis is performed by the method used by each institution. Patient management after surgery preoperative : NRI(weight, albumin), BMI, Blood chemistry, Abdomen&Pelvic Computed Tomography(APCT) (body composition calculation) 1day after surgery : blood chemistry, removal of nasogastric tube, water intake, early gate 2days after surgery : start diet (liquid or solid) 3days after surgery : blood chemistry, intravenous patient controlled analgesia removal, after 3 days, considering drain amylase and drain volume it can be removed. 5days after surgery : APCT 7days after surgery : NRI(weight, albumin), blood chemistry, tumor marker(if pathology is malignant) 14days after surgery : NRI(weight, albumin), blood chemistry 21days after surgery : NRI(weight, albumin), blood chemistry 3months after surgery : NRI(weight, albumin), blood chemistry, APCT (body composition check) 6months after surgery : NRI(weight, albumin), blood chemistry, APCT (body composition check) 12months after surgery : NRI(weight, albumin), blood chemistry, APCT(body composition check) ** Daily check amount of food intake from operation to discharge(Grade 1~3) Grade I: 30% or less of the provided amount can be consumed Grade II: 30~50% of the provided amount can be consumed Grade III: 50% or more of the provided amount can be consumed Nutritional risk index (NRI) was calculated using the following formula: NRI = (1.519 × serum albumin g/L) + 0.417 × (present weight/usual weight) × 100, with usual weight being the value measured during preoperative evaluation period

Enrollment

394 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 79 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age: 18 to 79 years
  • Performance: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2
  • The preoperative examination showed that the lesion could invade to major artery.
  • No distant metastasis
  • Bone marrow function: white blood cell (WBC) at least 3,000 / mm3, Platelet count at least 100,000 / mm3
  • Liver function : aspartate transaminase (AST)/alanine transaminase(ALT) less than 3 times upper limit of normal
  • Kidney function: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal.
  • Patients who consented to and signed the consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients diagnosed with duodenal cancer
  • Those with active or uncontrolled infections
  • Those with severe psychiatric / neurological disorders
  • Alcohol or other drug addicts
  • Patients who underwent previous major abdominal surgery (ex. gastrectomy, colectomy)
  • Patients included in other clinical studies that may affect this study
  • Patients who cannot follow the directions of the researcher
  • Those with uncontrolled heart disease
  • Patients with moderate or severe comorbidities who are thought to have an impact on quality of life or nutritional status (ex. cirrhosis, chronic kidney failure, heart failure, etc.)
  • Pelvic tumor, benign tumor, malignant tumor in other organs
  • Patients who received prior chemotherapy
  • In addition to the planned pancreaticoduodenectomy, patients who require resection of other major abdominal organs, such as gastrectomy, colectomy

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

394 participants in 2 patient groups

pylorus resecting group
Experimental group
Description:
The patients who underwent pylorus resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary tumors
Treatment:
Procedure: Pylorus resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy
pylorus preserving group
No Intervention group
Description:
The patients who underwent pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary tumors

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Bong Jun Kwak, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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