Comparison Between the Effect of Using Conventional and Digital Oral Positional Radiation Stent (stent)

T

Tanta University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Radiotherapy Side Effect

Treatments

Device: conventional oral positioning stent were used during radiation planning and the PTV will be defined and contoured in computed tomography pre irradiation planning
Device: Digital positioning stent

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06353724
RP2218

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goal of this clinical trial is to compare between the Effect of Using Conventional and Digital Oral Positional Radiation Stent on Healthy tissues, salivary PH. The main question it aims to answer are: Does the difference in manufacturing method affect on Healthy tissues, salivary PH. Participants will use radiation positioning stent during radiotherapy sessions Two groups will be compared * Group A: OPRS was constructed according to the conventional technique. * Group B: OPRS was constructed digitally using CAD /CAM technology. to evaluate Dosimetric analysis to quantify the radiation dose in OARs, PH of saliva measurement and Mucositis assessment.

Full description

This study will be a clinically prospective study that will include 16 patients with head and neck cancer. This study will be carried out at the Clinical Prosthodontics Department & Clinical Oncology Department of Tanta University. Informed consent will be obtained from all patients with maintenance of their privacy prior to inclusion in the study according to the guidelines on human research adopted by the Research Ethics Committee, Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University. Patient's evaluation: All patients will be subjected to the following protocol: Oral examination: Clinical dental evaluation, intraoral photography and mouth opening measurements Grouping: The patients will be divided randomly into 2 groups (each group consists of 8 patients) according to the technique that will be used for construction: First group: The OPRS will be constructed according to the conventional technique.27 Second group: The OPRS will be constructed digitally according to the following steps: Intraoral scanning: It will be done using an intraoral scanner to generate three 3D images: the first of the superior arch, the second of the inferior arch, and the third of the maximum habitual intercuspation. Images will be compiled into a 3D file system. Oral positioning radiation stent design: The compiled file will be exported into Exocad software, which is smart software for dental design on digital models, for stent design, and by using a virtual articulator. 3D printing: After optimizing the digital file, 3D printing will be performed. The oral positioning radiation stent will be printed using the 3D printer Resin Printing Material. For both groups: Insertion: making the necessary adjustment will be done. RT techniques and dose distributions: All patients will be referred to the RT department for IMRT planning. During the pre-irradiation simulation, the intraoral stents will be placed, and the patients will be immobilized by individual thermoplastic masks. A computed tomography scan will be conducted to determine the precise planning target volume (PTV); all patients will be scanned using the positional prosthesis once and without it. Dosimetric analysis: To quantify the radiation dose in the structures, the maxilla (area of the teeth), both parotid glands (ipsilateral and contralateral), the mandible, and the PTV will be defined and contoured in computed tomography pre-irradiation planning. The mean corresponding dose of each structure will be acquired using a dose-volume histogram. All patients will complete the radiotherapy sessions using the positional radiation prosthesis together with the extra oral immobilization masks. Mucositis assessment: The severity of mucositis will be assessed weekly from the beginning of RT to the end of the treatment (mean time, 7 weeks). It will be scored in accordance with the classification criteria of the National Cancer Institute. PH of saliva measurement: A saliva sample will be collected from each patient to measure salivary PH by digital PH meter 19 before the beginning of radiotherapy, and the measurement will be continued weekly until the end of the treatment.

Enrollment

16 patients

Sex

All

Ages

20 to 70 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Limit of age was between 20 -40 years old.
  • Inter-arch distance ≥ 1.5 cm
  • Good oral hygiene.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with conditions that limited the construction of the stent (e.g. gross tumor block most of the oral cavity, sever limited mouth opening)
  • Patients with recurrent cancerous lesions.
  • Edentulous patients.
  • Previously radiotherapy for head and neck
  • Smoking.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

16 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

conventional positioning stent
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
The Oral positioning stent were constructed according to the conventional technique
Treatment:
Device: conventional oral positioning stent were used during radiation planning and the PTV will be defined and contoured in computed tomography pre irradiation planning
Digital positioning stent
Active Comparator group
Description:
The Oral positioning stent will be constructed digitally
Treatment:
Device: Digital positioning stent

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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