Comparison of Autologous Serum Versus Preservative Free Artificial Tear

N

Niğde State Hospital

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Dry Eye

Treatments

Drug: Preservative free artificial tears(Tears naturale free, Refresh single dose eye drop)
Drug: %40 diluted Autologous serum

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02752763
NSH 333

Details and patient eligibility

About

Dry eye is a significant adverse effect of isotretinoin causing patients to use ophthalmic medications. For this reason, many patients using isotretinoin are referred to ophthalmology clinic because of discomfort symptoms. In the literature, there are studies suggesting superiority of Autologous serum drops regarding effects on ocular surface when compared to artificial tear. In addition, Autologous serum was also used in several corneal pathologies with successful outcomes. No data regarding use in the ocular adverse effects of isotretinoin was found in the literature; however, investigators think that it may be an effective alternative in the treatment of dry eye developed during isotretinoin use due to positive effects on ocular surface, epithelial regeneration and anti-inflammatory effect. Autologous serum can be a choice of ophthalmologists in routine practice by increasing number of comprehensive studies investigating effectiveness, safety and long-terms effects of Autologous serum therapy.In this study, it was aimed to investigate dry eye development in the patients receiving systemic retinoic acid therapy and to compare effectiveness of Autologous serum and Preservative free artificial tear in the patients with dry eye disease.

Full description

This prospective, cross-sectional, double blind study was conducted by Ophthalmology Clinic on patients who have drye eye due to systemic isotretinoin treatment for several reasons in Niğde State Hospital between October, 2015 and March 2016. Patients determined as having drye eye during systemic isotretinoin treatment were included to our study. At baseline, 1.and 2. month of study, detailed ocular examination, best corrected visual acuity measurement, intraocular pressure measurement, Tear Break-Up time(TBUT)(5 µL of fluorescein sodium 2 % eye drops was used per each measurement using a pipette for standardization, and the mean value of two readings per patient was recorded) and Schirmer Test I (ST I) without topical anesthesia were performed. Effect on daily life was assessed by using Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) score. TBUT<10 seconds, ST I <10 mm without local anesthesia, corneal and conjunctival staining was interpreted in favor of dry eye. In the follow-up period, investigators investigated the efficacy of autologous serum eye drops for the patients having dry eye illness during isotretinoin treatment. After informed consent, peripheral venous blood (14-20 ml) was drawn from antecubital vein of patients to prepare AS. Blood sample was left at room temperature over 2 hours for clotting. Serum was obtained after centrifugation at 4000 revolutions per minute (rpm) for 10 minutes at 4 °C using a centrifugal device(Nuve NF1200R). Next, in a laminar flow cabinet under sterile conditions, approximately 10 mL of supernatant was collected and diluted to 40 % with isotonic (0.9 % NaCl) saline solution and then 25 mL of preparation was aliquoted into 1.5-mL Eppendorf vials, each of which was wrapped with aluminum foil by the other specialist(Erkut Küçük) for protection against ultraviolet light (to prevent vitamin A degradation), and blinding the patients to the treatment. PFAT eye drops were also placed into different 1.5-ml Eppendorf vials and likewise wrapped with aluminum foil by the other specialist(Erkut Küçük) for blinding the patients. The droppers were also wrapped with aluminum foil for further blinding the patient while applying the eye drops. Patients were randomised via assigned laterality numbers and sealed regime envelopes by the other specialist(Erkut Küçük). Preservative-free isotonic saline was used for washout for 2 weeks prior to beginning of the study. After the first treatment period (1 month) all patients underwent a 2-week washout period with isotonic saline (0.9 % NaCl) eye drops. Ten a new set of vials (AS or PFAT) was assigned to each patient by the other specialist(Erkut Küçük) for the second treatment period. After the first 1-month treatment period, patients who had conventional PFAT treatment were switched to AS treatment and the patients who had AS treatment in the first 1-month treatment period were switched to conventional PFAT treat- ment in the second 1-month treatment period, according to the study's crossover nature. The examining ophthalmologist (Uğur Yılmaz) that performed tear function and ocular surface evaluations was blinded to the type of eye drops given to each patient. In addition, the patients were blinded to which treatment they were receiving. Only the Other specialist (Erkut Küçük), who was not responsible for patient evaluation, knew which patient received which treatment during study periods. All patients were instructed to keep the vials (containing either AS or PFAT) in a refrigerator at 4 °C. All patients were advised to change the vial every other day during the treatment period. TBUT and ST I were administered by the same ophthalmologist (Uğur Yılmaz). The study was approved Institutional Review Board of Erciyes University, Medicine School. The study was conducted in accordance to Helsinki Declaration. All patients gave written informed consent.

Enrollment

24 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 35 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

• isotretinoin use for any reason

Exclusion Criteria:

  • corneal pathologies such as dry eye illness before isotretinoin treatment
  • previous cornea surgery, injury or keratitis
  • active ocular infection
  • meibomian gland dysfunction
  • excessive allergic reaction that may be associated with dry eye
  • glaucoma therapy use
  • severe anemia
  • previously use of PFAT or AS for any reason
  • (Hb<10 g/dL) and elevated hepatic function tests requiring withdrawal of therapy

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

24 participants in 2 patient groups

preservative free artificial tear drop
Experimental group
Description:
preservative free artificial tears drop is a drop group declaring different kind of active agent like hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose etc commonly used in dry eye treatment. Preservative free artificial tear( carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose) was used as four times one drop daily. In our study, we prescribed to patients preservative free artificial tears drop(hydroxypropyl methylcellulose or carboxymethyl cellulose) four times one drop daily.
Treatment:
Drug: Preservative free artificial tears(Tears naturale free, Refresh single dose eye drop)
%40 Autologous serum(AS)
Experimental group
Description:
peripheral venous blood (14-20 ml) that drawn from antecubital vein of patients to prepare Autologous Serum. Blood sample was left at room temperature over 2 hours for clotting. Serum was obtained after centrifugation at 4000 revolutions per minute (rpm) for 10 minutes at 4 °C using a Nuve NF1200R. Next, in a laminar flow cabinet under sterile conditions, approximately 10 mL of supernatant was collected and diluted to 40 % with isotonic saline solution. It is recommended for dry eye diseases, too. %40 diluted Autologous Serum used as four times one drop daily.
Treatment:
Drug: %40 diluted Autologous serum

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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