Comparison of Early Versus Very Early Postnatal Discharge on Hospital Readmissions in Newborns

U

Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

Status

Completed

Conditions

Newborn Complication
Newborn Morbidity
Hospital Readmission
Newborn

Treatments

Other: Discharge time between 24 and 48 hours
Other: Time to discharge less than 24 hours

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04422041
PE15-039

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study compared hospital readmission and complications between very early discharge and early discharge in healthy newborn patients.

Full description

Introduction. Very early postnatal discharge is defined as a hospital stay of the mother-child dyad of less than 24 hours. It is usually performed in public institutions of low-income countries due to high birth rates; it has not been associated to a higher proportion of neonatal admissions, however, very early discharge might increase this risk. The objective of this study was to compare the rate hospital readmission in patients with very early vs early postnatal discharge. Methods A prospective, randomized clinical study was performed with healthy term infants born in a hospital in Mexico from July 2016 to June 2018. Sample was randomized into two groups, a very early discharge group (<24 hours) and an early discharge group (24-48 hours). Hospital readmission rate was analyzed in both groups.

Enrollment

354 patients

Sex

All

Ages

1 minute to 2 days old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Healthy newborns that were born from vaginal delivery in primiparous or multiparous women where both the mother and the newborn were deemed as eligible for early discharge according to the American Association of Pediatrics criteria and by a clinical obstetric mother evaluation.

Exclusion criteria

  • Placenta praevia, abnormal bleeding during vaginal delivery (considered as greater than 500mL), inhability to deambulate, medical complications from previous a previous pregnancy, 3rd or 4th degree perineal laceration as well as medical conditions that required any monitorization for more than 24 hours after delivery.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

354 participants in 2 patient groups

Early discharge
Active Comparator group
Description:
Discharge between 24 and 48 hours
Treatment:
Other: Discharge time between 24 and 48 hours
Very early discharge
Experimental group
Description:
Discharge in less than 24 hours
Treatment:
Other: Time to discharge less than 24 hours

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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