Comparison of One-stop Hybrid Revascularization Versus Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass for the Treatment of Multi-vessel Disease

N

National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease

Treatments

Procedure: Off-pump coronary artery bypass
Procedure: PCI-Drug eluting stents
Procedure: Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01034371
20091216

Details and patient eligibility

About

The "one-stop" hybrid coronary revascularization combines minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) and PCI to be performed in the hybrid operating suite, an enhanced operating room equipped with radiographic capability. This study is to compare 1-year clinical outcomes of "one-stop" hybrid coronary revascularization with off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) in selected patients with multivessel coronary artery disease.

Full description

- With the development of specialized devices and experience, off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) has been a well-established less invasive technique for coronary revascularization. Compared with conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), OPCAB avoids the use of cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest, and is associated with decreased morbidity, shorter length of stay in ICU and hospital, and less perioperative complications, especially in elderly patients with severe comorbidities. "One-stop" (also named simultaneous) hybrid coronary revascularization is also a novel, safe and feasible minimally invasive approach in selected patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). It allows surgical and interventional procedures to be performed consecutively in the "one-stop" hybrid operating suite, an enhanced operating room equipped with radiographic capability, wherein the left intramammary artery (LIMA) is placed on the left anterior descending artery (LAD) by minimally invasive procedure, immediately followed by percutaneous coronary intervention/stenting on the non-LAD lesions. However, few studies are now available on the outcomes of coronary revascularization between the new hybrid strategy with conventional OPCAB. This study is a single center randomized clinical trial to compare 1-year clinical outcomes of "one-stop" hybrid coronary revascularization with OPCAB in selected patients with multivessel CAD with suitable coronary anatomy. Sample size: - We examined the results of SYNTAX trial and of our institution published previously. The 1-year MACCE rate (the primary endpoint) is estimated as being 13% for OPCAB. The sample calculated for this trial is 400 patients. Design/Methodology: - Trial design: A single center randomized clinical trial comparing "one-stop" hybrid procedure versus conventional OPCAB in 400 patients with suitable anatomy who need revascularization. Intervention: Patients will be randomized to undergo either "one-stop" hybrid procedure or conventional OPCAB. - Randomization: Patients will be evaluated by both a cardiac surgeon and an interventional cardiologist. After obtaining informed written consent, patients will be randomized to receive "one-stop" hybrid procedure or conventional OPCAB. An expertise-based randomization will be used. The data adjudicators will be blinded to the study. Due to the nature of this study, the operating surgeons, cardiologists, anesthetists, other operative room staff, and ICU staff will not be blind in this study. Study intervention: - Candidates will be randomized to receive "one-stop" hybrid procedure or conventional OPCAB.

Enrollment

400 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Two- or three-vessel disease, left main disease, or LM equivalent with 2 or 3-vessel disease (left anterior descending [LAD], left circumflex [LCX], right coronary artery [RCA] territory);
  • LAD diseases not suitable for PCI [i.e. chronic totally occlusion (CTO), severe calcification or/and angulated lesions, bifurcation or trifurcation lesions];
  • Angiographic characteristics of non-LAD lesion(s) amiable to PCI;
  • Chronic stable or unstable angina pectoris of CCS 2 or greater (symptoms of angina and/or objective evidence of myocardial ischemia);
  • Evaluated by both cardiac surgeon and cardiologist together.

Exclusion criteria

  • Need for emergent CABG;
  • Prior CABG;
  • Prior PCI with stenting within 6 months of study entry;
  • Stroke with 6 months of study entry;
  • Overt congestive heart failure;
  • Need for a concomitant operation (i.e. valve repair or replacement, Maze surgery);
  • Hemodynamic instability;
  • Situations in which complete revascularization is not possible served;
  • Allergy to radiographic contrast, aspirin or clopidogrel.
  • Contradictions to PCI: Occluded coronary vessels, PVD, Unable to achieve access, Fresh thrombus, Vessels <1.5mm; Intolerance to aspirin or both clopidogrel and ticlopidine;
  • Cannot undergo either CABG or PCI/DES because of a coexisting medical condition
  • History of significant bleeding; Significant leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, or known bleeding diathesis.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

400 participants in 2 patient groups

One-stop hybrid revasularization
Experimental group
Treatment:
Procedure: Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass
Procedure: PCI-Drug eluting stents
Off-pump coronary artery bypass
Active Comparator group
Treatment:
Procedure: Off-pump coronary artery bypass

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Central trial contact

Shengshou Hu, M.D.; Zhe Zheng, M.D.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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