Comparison of the Number of Oocytes Obtained Between Chinese and Caucasian Women in IVF Treatment

The University of Hong Kong (HKU) logo

The University of Hong Kong (HKU)






Procedure: Embryo transfer
Procedure: Transvaginal ultrasound-guided oocyte retrieval

Study type


Funder types



UW 15-547

Details and patient eligibility


IVF is a well-established method to treat various causes of infertility. Some studies have suggested that ethnicity affects the success of IVF. This is a prospective study involving two tertiary IVF units in Hong Kong and Australia. The IVF outcome between Chinese and Caucasians will be compared.

Full description

This is a prospective study conducted in two tertiary IVF units in Hong Kong and Australia. The target population for the trial will be women undergoing IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment in two IVF Units. Intervention: Patients recruited in this study will undergo IVF+/-ICSI treatment. They will undergo an ultrasound scan on the second or third day (day 2 or 3) of a period to exclude the presence of ovarian cyst and have the antral follicle count determined, which includes all follicles of 2-10 mm measured with a 5.5-7.5mHz transvaginal ultrasound probe. Blood will be checked for anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) measured by Beckman-Coulter Diagnostics. Ovarian stimulation will be started if there are no ovarian cysts on ultrasound scan. They will receive one long acting gonadotrophin injection Elonva 150 microgram subcutaneously followed by daily gonadotrophin injections (Puregon) 200 IU in an antagonist protocol. Antagonist (orgalutran 0.25 mg) will be started on day 5 of ovarian stimulation. Transvaginal ultrasound will be performed for follicular tracking 7 days after the Elonva injection and every 1-3 days thereafter. No adjustment in FSH dose is allowed. Cycles will be cancelled if there are less than 3 follicles larger than 18mm after one week of 200 IU Puregon or there no developing follicle (i.e. larger than 11mm) after one week of 200 IU Puregon. Recombinant hCG (Ovidrel, Serono, Bari, Italy) 0.25mg will be given if there are 2 follicles >18 mm in diameter. Gonadotrophin injection will not be given on the day of hCG. Agonist trigger will be used if oestradiol concentration on the day of trigger is greater than 15,000 pmol/L or there are more than 15 follicles >16mm on transvaginal scanning. All embryos or blastocysts will be frozen for transfer later following agonist trigger or when the number of oocytes aspirated is 20 or more. Serum FSH, oestradiol, LH and progesterone concentrations are taken 7 days after the Elonva injection and hCG trigger day. Transvaginal ultrasound-guided oocyte retrieval (TUGOR) will be scheduled on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 34-36 hours after the hCG injection. Flushing of follicles will not be performed. Follicular fluid not contaminated with blood will be collected from the first and largest follicle on each side for estradiol and progesterone level. The retrieved oocyte will be inseminated conventionally or by ICSI, depending on the semen parameters. ICSI is advised if the total motile sperm number after sperm preparation < 0.2 million, sperm morphology by strict criteria < 3% or fertilization rate < 30% in previous IVF cycles with conventional insemination. One to two embryos will be replaced on day 2-5 after oocyte retrieval. Luteal phase support will be started according to the standard protocol of the centre. Patients will be followed up for urinary pregnancy test 16 days after embryo transfer. Patients with a positive pregnancy test will have transvaginal ultrasound scan performed 10-14 days later and are referred for antenatal care at 8-10 weeks gestation. The remaining embryos will be frozen. Pregnancy outcome will be monitored.


192 patients




18 to 40 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Women age 18-36 years old Body weight >60Kg Total antral follicle count >=7 and ≤ 20 i.e. not poor ovarian reserve based on Bologna criteria Chinese women in the HK centre and Caucasian women (defined as originating from the United Kingdom, Europe or United States of America, excluding the Middle East) in the Australian centre Written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

Mixed race/ ethnicity History of ovarian surgery Body mass index >35 kg/m2 >2 previous stimulated IVF cycles History of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in previous stimulated IVF cycles Polycystic ovary syndrome or total antral follicle count >20

Trial contacts and locations



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