Comparison of Two Methods of Strain by Perioperative Transesophageal Echo in CABG : An Observational Study

P

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

Status

Completed

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02692131
NK/2496/study

Details and patient eligibility

About

There is an increasing need for diagnostic modalities able to objectively quantify myocardial function. Quantification of regional myocardial function with ultrasound is challenging on its own. Visual assessment of wall motion and thickening requires extensive training \[1\] and remains highly subjective \[2\]. Tissue deformation imaging is a recently introduced technique which enables the objective assessment of regional myocardial deformation assessed by ultrasound based strain and strain rate using Doppler Tissue Imaging or Speckle tracking. There are limited number of studies comparing the myocardial deformation parameters (i.e. Strain and Strain rate) by 2 different echocardiographic techniques viz Doppler tissue imaging and Speckle tracking in the perioperative period. In this study, we plan to study the above said parameters in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting using transesophageal echocardiography and correlate these parameters with cardiac output by thermodilution method using pulmonary artery catheter.

Full description

The study will be conducted in the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Advanced Cardiac Centre, Post Graduate Institute Medical Education Research, Chandigarh after obtaining institutional ethical committee clearance. Fifty patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) will be included in the study. An informed written consent will be taken from all the patients. Anaesthesia technique All patients will be examined a day prior to surgery. Baseline data including preoperative physical status, haemogram, biochemistry, preoperative transthoracic echocardiography and coronary angiography data will be noted. A standard anaesthesia technique will be used for all the patients. Inside the operating room, electrocardiography (ECG), pulse oximetry and noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) will be applied. Anaesthesia will be induced with fentanyl 5 - 10 µg/kg/ body weight and propofol titrated to loss of response to verbal commands followed by endotracheal intubation facilitated by vecuronium 0.1mg/kg. A 20 gauge arterial catheter will be inserted in left radial artery and right internal jugular vein will be cannulated with triple lumen catheter for central venous access and pulmonary artery catheter for haemodynamic assessment. A baseline transthoracic echocardiogram will be performed after induction of general anaesthesia. After induction of general anaesthesia , a TEE probe (GE Medical Systems, Horten, Norway) will be introduced. Anaesthesia will be maintained by isoflurane, intravenous morphine (intermittent boluses; total 0.5 mg/kg during surgery) and vecuronium boluses. All patients will undergo CABG under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) support. Total cardiopulmonary bypass time and Aortic cross clamp time will be noted. Patients will be shifted to cardiac surgical intensive care unit (ICU) and electively ventilated. Decision on extubation and inotrope support will be left to attending intensivist. Echocardiography data After induction of general anaesthesia, a comprehensive transesophageal echocardiogram will be performed using probe of the GE vivid E9 echocardiography system (GE Medical Systems, Hortein, Norway) in all the patients. The following parameters will be noted before instituting CPB and after weaning from CPB and achievement of stable haemodynamics: 2 dimensional Left ventricular ejection fraction using Simpson's method from midesophageal 4 chamber and midesophageal 2 chamber views. 3 dimensional Left ventricular ejection fraction from midesophageal 4 chamber and midesophageal 2 chamber views. Doppler tissue imaging derived regional and global longitudinal strain from midesophageal 4 chamber, midesophageal 2 chamber and midesophageal long axis views. Speckle track imaging derived regional and global longitudinal strain from midesophageal 4 chamber, midesophageal 2 chamber and midesophageal long axis views. An average of 3 readings over 3 different cardiac cycles will be used for above parameters.

Enrollment

50 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • > 18 yrs
  • On pump CABG

Exclusion criteria

  • < 18 yrs
  • other on pump cardiac surgery

Trial design

50 participants in 2 patient groups

Speckle strain
Description:
All adult patients undergoing on pump CABG Surgery.
Tissue doppler strain
Description:
All adult patients undergoing on pump CABG Surgery

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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