Cough Reflex Sensitivity and Bronchial Hyper-responsiveness

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Mayo Clinic

Status

Completed

Conditions

Broncho-hyperreactivity
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Chronic Cough

Treatments

Procedure: Methacholine Challenge
Procedure: Cough Reflex Sensitivity

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01777867
11-006873

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aim of this study is to provide pilot data on the possible gastrointestinal predictors of respiratory hyper-responsiveness and how these relate to the clinical sub-types of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and visceral acid hypersensitivity.

Full description

This study recruited participants into three groups: reflux patients with non-erosive disease (NERD) with abnormal levels of acid reflux, NERD patients with normal levels of reflux and healthy volunteers. Participants were assessed for cough reflex sensitivity (CRS) to citric acid and bronchial-hyperresponsiveness (BHR) to methacholine challenge, both before (baseline) and after esophageal acid infusion (HCl, 0.15M) or normal saline control (8ml/min). The order of CRS and BHR was randomized, as was the order of the acid/saline infusions.

Enrollment

24 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • symptomatic reflux (i.e., one symptom at least one day a week, with at least 'moderate' severity)
  • no evidence of esophagitis
  • non-smokers

Exclusion criteria

  • previous gastrointestinal surgery (excluding minor surgeries, such as cholecystectomy, appendectomy
  • active peptic ulcer disease
  • Zollinger Ellison Syndrome
  • Barrett's esophagus
  • eosinophilic esophagitis
  • cardiac disease
  • diabetes or neurological deficit
  • use of tricyclics
  • selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
  • narcotics or benzodiazepines
  • current use of medications that may affect symptoms of perception,lower esophageal sphincter basal pressure, acid clearance time or acid suppression
  • antibiotics within 60 days
  • Nursing mothers will be excluded
  • allergies to citrus
  • asthma
  • chronic lung disease
  • heart attack or stroke within the last three months
  • hypersensitivity to methacholine products
  • know aortic aneurysm
  • uncontrolled hypertension (defined as systolic pressure greater than 200 or diastolic greater than 100)
  • reduced pulmonary function test (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) or the FEV1 to forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio (FEV1/FVC) of less that 70% of predicted value)
  • None of the controls will have any GERD symptoms or ever used antireflux treatment.

Trial design

24 participants in 3 patient groups

Healthy Volunteers
Description:
Subjects in this arm were healthy volunteers. Subjects underwent both Cough Reflex Sensitivity and the Methacholine Challenge procedures.
Treatment:
Procedure: Cough Reflex Sensitivity
Procedure: Methacholine Challenge
Non-erosive reflux disease with reflux
Description:
Subjects enrolled in this arm had non-erosive reflux disease with reflux (heartburn) for at least 6 of the preceding 12 months. Subjects underwent both Cough Reflex Sensitivity and the Methacholine Challenge procedures.
Treatment:
Procedure: Cough Reflex Sensitivity
Procedure: Methacholine Challenge
Non-erosive reflux disease without reflux
Description:
Subjects enrolled in this arm had non-erosive reflux disease with normal levels of reflux (heartburn). Subjects underwent both Cough Reflex Sensitivity and the Methacholine Challenge procedures.
Treatment:
Procedure: Cough Reflex Sensitivity
Procedure: Methacholine Challenge

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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