Counseling and Reminders for Regular HIV and STIs Screening (Napneung-1)

F

French Public Scientific and Technological Institution (EPST)

Status

Completed

Conditions

HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and Syphilis Infections

Treatments

Behavioral: Reminder
Behavioral: Standard counseling
Behavioral: Appointment + reminder
Behavioral: Computer-assisted counseling
Behavioral: On-demand counseling
Behavioral: No appointment and no reminder

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02752152
Napneung-1

Details and patient eligibility

About

Counseling intervention: Primary objective: to evaluate and compare, in at-risk populations, the efficacy of three different counseling methods in terms of propensity to come back for a HIV re-test. Secondary objectives: to evaluate and compare the efficacy of the counseling methods in terms of reported risk behavior and HIV knowledge as well as their acceptability and cost-effectiveness; describe the distribution of duration from HIV primary infection to detection; and estimate the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B and C, and syphilis in HIV-uninfected participants of targeted populations. Reminder intervention Primary objective: to evaluate and compare, in at-risk individuals who require frequent testing, the efficacy of reminders in terms of propensity to come back for a HIV re-test within 7 months. Secondary objective: to assess the cost-effectiveness of reminders. The interim analyses have shown that that some strategies are better than the others and the Advisory Committee recommended to use only the most efficient strategies (Computer assisted counseling and Scheduling an appointment and sending reminder to clients). In addition, CD4 cell count normal ranges in 30 HIV uninfected individuals in Thailand will be assessed. Transient elastometry (FibroScan) will be used to assess liver fibrosis in participants with and without viral hepatitis.

Full description

The study will be presented to clients, who will be asked to formally consent to participate. Clients residing or working in Thailand and able to communicate with the counselor will be eligible. Foreigners staying in Thailand for vacation or retirement will be excluded, except if presenting together with their partner who is otherwise eligible for the study. At each visit, participants will be proposed an appointment for a re-test. If they wish, the study team will send them reminders. At the first visit, participants will be randomly assigned to one of three different methods for counseling on HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis: standard face-to-face counseling, computer-assisted informational/educational counseling, or on-demand counseling (the counselor invites the participant to ask questions). Participants will then be randomly assigned to one of three reminder strategies: Appointment+reminder, Reminder only, or No appointment and no reminder. At each visit, blood sample will be collected to test for HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis. Laboratory examinations will be free of charge for all participants. After the blood draw, participants will be invited to complete a questionnaire to assess their knowledge, attitudes and practices with regard to HIV and other infections. Test results will then be provided. In case of confirmed HIV infection, participants will be provided with further counseling, CD4 cell count measurement and referral options for immediate treatment. Blood samples collected during the study for the diagnosis will be stored for determination of the Fiebig stage (duration since HIV primary infection), evaluation of transmitted HIV drug resistance (sequencing) and investigation of viral transmission networks. In a substudy, we will compare liver fibrosis assessed by transient elastometry and serum biomarkers (i.e. APRI and FIB-4) in Napneung participants with HBsAg and those with anti-HCV antibodies, and compare the measures with that obtained in participants negative for these tests. The interim analyses have shown that that some strategies are better than the others and the Advisory Committee recommended to use only the most efficient strategies (Computer assisted counseling and Scheduling an appointment and sending reminder to clients). Thus the accrual to the arms "No appointment, no reminder" and "Reminder only" has been discontinued on 12 January 2019. Following the published of CD4 cell count normal ranges in HIV uninfected individuals in Thailand since 1997 (Vithayasai, Sirisanthana, Sakonwasun, & Suvanpiyasiri, 1997), It is unknown whether these norms have changed in relation to changes in nutritional status and lifestyle in young adults. We will assess the number of CD4 cells/mL in the blood of the first 30 HIV-uninfected female and the first 30 HIV-uninfected male clients aged less than 26 years to determine whether there is a trend for an increase in young people due to the changes in nutrition and lifestyle during the last decades. This sub-study will be conducted from 1 February 2019 to 31 January 2021.

Enrollment

1,961 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* Residing or working in Thailand * Able to communicate with the counselor * Adults (\>= 18 years old)

Exclusion criteria

* Foreigners staying in Thailand for vacation or retirement, except if they are presenting together with their partner staying permanently in Thailand or working in Thailand * Couples requesting a couple counseling session * HIV-positive participants (based on the client declaration)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

1,961 participants in 6 patient groups

Computer-assisted counseling
Experimental group
Description:
Computer-assisted informational/educational interactive session followed by an interactive face-to-face session to discuss personal issues with a counselor as needed
Treatment:
Behavioral: No appointment and no reminder
Behavioral: Computer-assisted counseling
Behavioral: Appointment + reminder
Behavioral: Reminder
On-demand counseling
Experimental group
Description:
The counselor asks whether the participant has any questions
Treatment:
Behavioral: No appointment and no reminder
Behavioral: On-demand counseling
Behavioral: Appointment + reminder
Behavioral: Reminder
Standard counseling
Active Comparator group
Description:
Interactive face-to-face counseling session
Treatment:
Behavioral: No appointment and no reminder
Behavioral: Appointment + reminder
Behavioral: Standard counseling
Behavioral: Reminder
Appointment + reminder
Experimental group
Description:
Make appointment and send SMS reminder
Treatment:
Behavioral: On-demand counseling
Behavioral: Computer-assisted counseling
Behavioral: Appointment + reminder
Behavioral: Standard counseling
Reminder only
Experimental group
Description:
Send SMS reminder only
Treatment:
Behavioral: On-demand counseling
Behavioral: Computer-assisted counseling
Behavioral: Standard counseling
Behavioral: Reminder
No appointment and no reminder
Active Comparator group
Description:
No appointment and no SMS reminder sent
Treatment:
Behavioral: No appointment and no reminder
Behavioral: On-demand counseling
Behavioral: Computer-assisted counseling
Behavioral: Standard counseling

Trial contacts and locations

3

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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