COVID-19 Lessons Learned: the Outcome of TOMEKA® Project is to Teach (MD)

U

University of Kinshasa

Status

Unknown

Conditions

COVID-19

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04424940
UKinshasa
Tshima Guyguy Kabundi (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Living in Canada and being health-worker in the first line face to COVID-19, investigator outcome is to teach an experience or explain the disease using a review and get people prepared to COVID-19 treatment focused on adherence to the HIV approved 2006-2007 protocol at Ghent University but the review shows an older different study approved at the University of Kinshasa and its ethics approval that again is an old document. So no ethics document supporting the study exists as it is now and no registration. It is an observational study and therefore would not usually require registration in order for the results to be published. It is not a type of secondary literature. The formula TOMEKA® (Mix porridge of maize, sorghum, and soya) follows FOOD + HEALTH CLAIM. It is scientifically justified, relevantly used, and correctly communicated. Methodology: sufficient data? scientific consensus? correct methodology? correct population? context: significant results? context of use, realistic ingestion? correct target group? communication: consumer perception? exaggerated/insinuative, clear, precise, complete, correct information? not misleading? correctly presented? The product TOMEKA® tried to fulfill to above questions in a fitting way with COVID-19 which is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation without a vaccine.

Full description

On 12/06/2020 worldwide, COVID-19 affected 7 273 958 confirmed cases with 413 372 deaths, 97 894 confirmed in Canada with 8 048 deaths, 53 666 confirmed cases in Quebec with 5 148 deaths, 4 637 confirmed cases with 101 deaths in the Democratic Republic of the Congo where the situation is disastrous: an immense country and the ways of communication are difficult and damaged. It becomes gymnastics to get a drug package. The principal investigator provide the details of this study to be available to the public in getting knowledge of Covid-19 and micronutrients using the product TOMEKA®. The individual contribution of ingredients in the nutritional composition of TOMEKA® (mixed flour). Composition of TOMEKA® (Clinical Research Protocol): 100 g of TOMEKA contain 20.1 g of protein; 57.8 g of carbohydrates, 10.1 g of lipids; 8.5 mg iron; 117.6 mg Calcium; 16.6 mg Sodium; 55 μg of Selenium and 378.6 kcal of energy.TOMEKA will be made with soy, maize, sorghum. The above calculations were made with the food composition table (no laboratory analyzes). Quantity to be served per meal (in g): 30 g for 6-8 months (113,4 Kcal of Energy per served meal). 40 g for 9-11 months (151 Kcal): 50 g for 12-23 months and more expecting to provide 189 Kcal of energy per served per meal. Each group needs 4-5 meals a day to get the equivalent of their daily nutritional needs. The study will focus on Selenium, a powerful non-enzymatic antioxidant, more powerful than Vit C and Vit E combined. The formula TOMEKA® follows FOOD + HEALTH CLAIM. A clear device to follow micronutrients and Covid-19 symptoms: Example 1: Vitamin D and Covid-19 (Press release from the National Academy of Medicine in France May 22, 2020) Vitamin D is a prohormone synthesized in the dermis under the effect of ultraviolet rays, that is to say of the rays of the sun, then transported in the liver and the kidney where it is transformed into an active hormone. It is responsible for the intestinal absorption of calcium and bone health, but vitamin D also has unconventional effects. In particular, it modulates the functioning of the immune system by stimulating macrophages and dendritic cells [1,2,3]. It plays a role in regulating and suppressing the cytokine inflammatory response which causes acute respiratory distress syndrome which characterizes the severe and often lethal forms of Covid-19. A significant correlation between low serum vitamin D levels and mortality by Covid-19 has been shown [4]. This phenomenon generally follows a North-South gradient, although there are exceptions such as the Nordic countries where the supplementation of the nutrients in vitamin D, in particular milk products, is systematic. On the other hand, the countries of southern Europe surprisingly display a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency despite higher sunshine [5]. This would explain why children who receive vitamin D regularly have asymptomatic forms of Covid-19 and fewer complications. Vitamin D cannot be considered as a preventive or curative treatment for SARS-CoV-2 infection; but by mitigating the inflammatory storm and its consequences, it could be considered as an adjunct to any form of therapy. The National Academy of Medicine in France recalls that the administration of vitamin D orally is a simple, inexpensive measure and reimbursed by Health Insurance; - confirms its recommendation to ensure vitamin D supplementation in the French population in a report in 2012 [2]; - recommend that the serum vitamin D level (i.e. 25OHD) be measured quickly in people over 60 years of age with Covid-19 and that it be administered in the event of a deficiency, a loading dose of 50,000 to 100,000 IU which could help limit respiratory complications; - recommends providing vitamin D supplementation of 800 to 1,000 IU / day in people under the age of 60 as soon as the diagnosis of Covid-19 is confirmed. Example 2: Selenium and Covid-19 Now is the time to give extra attention to a balanced diet and assure an optimum dietary micronutrient and vitamin intake! Particularly the micronutrient selenium plays an essential role in antioxidant functioning and helps to alleviate the negative health impacts of viral infections, including inflammation of the lungs (see e.g. https://lnkd.in/eqAGhDH). Particularly elderly people are often selenium-deficient, which was proven to be the case in e.g. Italy (see https://lnkd.in/epFKVEY). However, when taking micronutrient and vitamin supplements, also follow the instructions to avoid over-supplementation! A healthy and balanced diet is the safest way towards an appropriate dietary micronutrient and vitamin intake. Description of what investigators will measure: The Production of Medical Knowledge: Learning medicine: How it will be measured: The Production of Medical Knowledge: Anthropology/Medicine. It is substantial and it showed by the title. Learning medicine: The clinical trial shows that medical anthropology connects anthropology and social theory generally with some of the more significant questions of our epoch with the COVID-19 pandemic. And at what time points it will be measured: The Production of Medical Knowledge: the principal investigator has received notifications from Researchgate about 700 researchers who read his research theme, so it deserves to be widely read and taught. Learning medicine: This is an original trial, which combines theoretical argument with empirical observation Objectives: Investigators would like the participant to accept the notion that all knowledge is socially and culturally constructed. Investigators would examine the contexts in which that knowledge is produced talking on the theme of nutrition in research and aiming to act in medicine, psychiatry, epidemiology, and anthropology. Investigators would like the participant acts in behavioral medicine, public health, epidemiology, anthropology as well as .nutrition. The hypothesis of investigators work: Patients with COVID-19 have an increased demand for Selenium Selenium supplementation reduces the viral rate Selenium supplementation improves the BMI of COVID-19 patients Selenium supplementation reduces COVID-19 related morbidity Selenium supplementation postponed COVID-19 related mortality Selenium supplementation is adjuncted to any form of COVID-19 therapy with nutrition education Nutrition education improves health status Selenium supplementation and nutrition education should be incorporated into the global Nutritional care and support of COVID-19 patients Methodology: observational study using a questionnaire. Study Population: Age: 15-75 Sex: M, F Inclusion Criteria: Fulfill Inclusion criteria and accept: The participant is asked on the symptoms of the COVID-19 with a questionnaire. If he/she can write yes to any of these questions in order to be tested: In the past 4 hours, have you taken any medicines for fever or headaches, such as acetaminophen (Paracetamol, Tylenol, Tempra), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or Aspirin? Yes No Do you have a thermometer to take your body temperature? Yes No If you don't have a thermometer, do you have any of the following symptoms: warm forehead, muscle or joint pain, chills, general weakness? Yes No In the past 24 hours, have you had trouble breathing or been short of breath? Yes No In the past 24 hours, have you had chest pain? Yes No Do you have a cough? Or if you have a health condition that is causing you to cough, is your cough worse than usual? Yes No In the past 24 hours, have you had a sore throat? Yes No In the past 24 hours, have you had a runny nose? Yes No In the past 24 hours, have you felt a loss of smell (in the absence of nasal congestion)? Yes No In the past 24 hours, have you had diarrhea (three or more bowel movements)? Yes No In the past 24 hours, have you had a headache? Yes No In the past 24 hours, have you felt more tired than usual and unable to carry out your daily activities? Yes No COVID-19 patients confirmed be regular on appointments Exclusion Criteria: COVID-19 suspected clinically Children refuse to participate Initial assessment for the exclusion of suspected Covid-19 cases: - New or exacerbated cough: Yes/No - Sore throat: Yes/No - Fever: Yes/No - Intestinal gastritis symptoms (Diarrhea, nausea or vomiting): Yes/No - Anosmia (loss of smell) / Ageusia (loss of taste): Yes/No Shortness of breath: Yes/No Sputum production: Yes/No Weakness: Yes/No Headache: Yes/No Myalgia / athralgia: Yes/No Nasal congestion: Yes/No Hemoptysis: Yes/No Conjunctivitis: Yes/No Comments: If yes to any of these questions: rule out an acute health condition. If no acute cause identified, consider the person as a probable case and transfer to the warm unit. 2. Atypical geriatric signs Sudden loss of autonomy (less than 1 week) Sudden change in mental state (over 1 week) Sudden change in behavior (new behavior or cessation of behavior (less than 1 week) Geriatric fever (Oral or rectal temperature greater than or equal to 37.8 C or if increase of 1.1 C compared to the usual normal T) Other comments: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3. Physical examination inspection: Assessment of mental state Attention span: attentive, not attentive State of consciousness: hyper-alert (or agitation), Lethargic (verbal), alert stupor (physical, comatose 4. Basic settings: Vital signs: Pulse: ……… / min TA: .......... / ……………. T: ................ C (fever if bu oral or rectal sup or equal 37.8 C or if 1.1 C increase compared to the usual normal T) Breathing: Frequency: ......... / min Type: Abdominal chest Amplitude: normal deep surface Rhythm: regular irregular Draw: yes no Saturation (normal to 94% and +, unless otherwise indicated): Saturation: ............% ambient AIr With O2 …… ..L / min 5. Auscultation: Anterior side Abnormal noise: Yes No Name if possible: Sibilant Ronchis Right bronchus (A) Left bronchus (B) Posterior side Presence of abnormal noise: Yes No Name if possible: Sibilant Crackling Lower right row Left lower lobe 6. Medical decision making Prescribed screening test (oro-nasopharyngeal sample): yes no If the sample confirms the presence of COVID-19, isolate the patient in the warm unit. 7. Clinical monitoring of COVID-19 confirmed or suspected Stable patient Respiratory rate : q 2h and as needed SpO2 and Temperature: per day and as needed Blood pressure and Cardiac frequency: per day Unstable patient (having had an episode of respiratory distress) Respiratory rate: every hour and as needed SpO2 and Temperature: per day and as needed Surname and first name of doctor Permits Signature DD / MM / YYYY HH: MM References: - Liu PT, Stenger S, et al. Toll like receptor triggering of a vitamin D mediated humanantimicrobial response. Science, 2006, 311 : 1770. - Rapport de l'Académie nationale de médecine. Statut vitaminique, rôle extra osseux etbesoins quotidiens en vitamine D. Bull Acad Natle Med. 2012, 196, 1011. - Laird E, Rhodes JM and Kenny RA. Vitamin D and inflammation : potential implications for severity of Covid-19. Irish med J, 2020, 113 : 81. - McCartney DM, Byrne DG. Optimisation of vitamin D status impact mortality fromSARS -CoV-2 infection Irish Med J .2020 113 : 58.5- Lips P, Cashman KD, et al. Current vitamin D status in European and Middle East countries and strategies to prevent vitamin D deficiency : a position statement of the European Calcified Tissue Society. Eur J Endocrinol, 2019, 180 : P23-P54. Links: https://lnkd.in/eqAGhDH https://lnkd.in/epFKVEY

Enrollment

800 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

15 to 75 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Fulfill Inclusion criteria and accept
  • COVID-19 patients confirmed
  • be regular on appointments

Exclusion criteria

  • COVID-19 suspected clinically
  • Children
  • refuse to participate

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

TSHIMA, MD; GUYGUY KABUNDI TSHIMA, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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