CPPF After General Cardiac Surgery (FLUID)

A

Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)

Status

Terminated

Conditions

Postoperative Hemorrhage
Retained Blood Syndrome
Cardiac Tamponade
Cardiac Surgical Procedures

Treatments

Device: CPPF

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05308589
NL74428

Details and patient eligibility

About

In two randomized clinical trials the investigators have demonstrated that continuous postoperative pericardial flushing (CPPF) therapy can reduce postoperative blood loss and bleeding-related complications after cardiac surgery and that CPPF therapy is safe and feasible in an experimental setting. The Haermonics investigational device is a novel medical device that enables CPPF therapy to be used in daily clinical setting. The aim of this study is three-fold. First, to evaluate the safety and functionality of the Haermonics investigational device. Secondly, to investigate the effect of CPPF therapy on bleeding related complications in the adulty cardiac surgery population. Thirdly, to explore the effect of CPPF therapy on intraluminal chest tube clogging.

Full description

CPPF therapy Prolonged or excessive bleeding after cardiac surgery can lead to a broad spectrum of secondary complications. One of the underlying causes is incomplete wound drainage, with subsequent accumulation of blood and clots in the pericardium. It has been demonstrated that this retained blood and clots lead to even more fibrinolytic activity in the mediastinum and pericardial space, and therefore may contribute to increased or prolonged bleeding. Based on this principle, the method of continuous postoperative pericardial flushing (CPPF) has been invented and further developed. The hypothesis is that CPPF therapy works by mechanical cleaning properties and by diminishing fibrinolysis and inflammation. The CPPF protocol includes the inflow of NaCl 0,9% flushing fluid into the pericardial cavity during the first postoperative hours in patients who underwent cardiac surgery. In this way, the blood and clot mixture can be diluted into a lower viscosity solution, thereby enhancing the evacuation of blood and clots from the pericardial space and preventing chest tube obstruction. The Haermonics investigational device Because CPPF therapy includes the dilution of the normal postoperative mediastinal chest tube drainage (MCTD), the clinical assessment of the exact amount of blood loss is more difficult. Yet, blood loss is an important factor in clinical decision making, namely the decision if the patient needs a surgical re-exploration for postoperative bleeding or not. Roughly, in patients who receive CPPF therapy, blood loss can be estimated by extracting the total inflow flushing volume from the total MCTD. This method was used in the experimental setting of the previous CPPF trails but is considered unsuitable for use in daily practice because of three reasons. First, the required registration of in- and outflow volume is labour intensive. Secondly, because this registration can only be done intermittently, which can be dangerous in case of a fast bleeding rate. Thirdly, blood loss calculation could potentially be inaccurate because sometimes, clinically insignificant, amounts of flushing fluid are retained or absorbed in the pericardial or pleural spaces, thereby making the blood loss calculation inaccurate. The first commercial Haermonics device will have four essential functionalities that make CPPF therapy safe and feasible for daily clinical use. 1) Automatic monitoring of the outflow volume, 2) Quantification of the content of the outflow volume by means of real time and continuous haematocrit (hct) analysis of the MCTD, 3) Warming of the flushing fluid to body temperature and temperature measurements of the flushing fluid, and 4) Continuous intrapericardial pressure measurement. The investigational device that will be used in this study will have all these functionalities, but available data will not be used for clinical decision making yet. Previous studies CPPF, executed with a researcher instead of a medical device, has been investigated in two randomized clinical trials. The CPPF protocol included the inflow of 500 ml NaCl 0,9% flushing fluid into the pericardial cavity during the first 12 postoperative hours in patients who underwent cardiac surgery. In this way, the blood and clot mixture were diluted into a lower viscosity solution, thereby enhancing the evacuation of blood and clots from the pericardial space and preventing chest tube obstruction. In two distinct cardiac surgery populations, both trials showed CPPF led to a statistically significant reduction in the primary outcome, i.e., blood loss, while pooled data showed a statistically significant difference for the clinically most relevant secondary end points, like the incidence of re-interventions for either non-surgical bleeding and/or acute cardiac tamponade (0 vs. 8 in CPPF vs. control group). The present study is powered to assess the effects of CPPF, executed by the Haermonics investigational device, in comparison with standard care on these clinically more relevant endpoints in a population of adult cardiac surgery patients.

Enrollment

164 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

In order to be eligible to participate in this study, a subject should be scheduled for a general cardiothoracic surgery procedure with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, amongst others, the main categories are;

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG),
  • Valve surgery,
  • CABG combined with valve surgery
  • Elective patients scheduled for aortic surgery (including valve sparing root replacement (VSRR), Bentall procedures, ascending aorta- aortic arch replacement)

Including the initial study population:

  • Patients scheduled for CABG with continued DAPT
  • Patients with aIE scheduled for valve replacement
  • Patients scheduled for complex or multiple cardiac (redo) procedures with an (expected) CPB time >300 minutes
  • Patients undergoing aortic surgery with DHCA

Exclusion criteria

  • Euroscore II > 20%
  • Intraoperatively diaphragm injury leading to an open connection between the thoracic and abdominal cavity
  • Age < 18
  • Inability to understand study information
  • Participation in any study involving an investigational drug or device
  • Emergent procedures
  • Procedures performed off pump, without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass.
  • Minimal invasive cardiac surgery procedures (e.g. minithoracotomy and hemisternotomy)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

164 participants in 2 patient groups

Continuous Postoperative Pericardial Flushing
Experimental group
Description:
Continuous Postoperative Pericardial Flushing (inflow of 500 ml NaCl 0,9% flushing fluid into the pericardial cavity during the first 8 postoperative hours) executed with the Haermonics investigational device
Treatment:
Device: CPPF
Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Standard care

Trial contacts and locations

4

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Central trial contact

Eva Diephuis; Wanda Meijst

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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