Danicopan as Add-on Therapy to a C5 Inhibitor in Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) Participants Who Have Clinically Evident Extravascular Hemolysis (EVH)(ALPHA)

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Alexion Pharmaceuticals

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: C5 Inhibitor
Drug: Danicopan

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT04469465
ALXN2040-PNH-301

Details and patient eligibility

About

The main objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of danicopan as add-on therapy to a complement component 5 (C5) inhibitor (eculizumab or ravulizumab) in participants with PNH who have clinically evident EVH.

Full description

This is a multiple-region, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, multiple-dose, study in participants with PNH who have clinically evident EVH on a C5 inhibitor (eculizumab or ravulizumab). Participants will be randomized to receive danicopan or placebo, in a 2:1 ratio for 12 weeks (Treatment Period 1) in addition to their C5 inhibitor (eculizumab or ravulizumab) therapy. At Week 12, participants randomized to receive placebo will be switched to danicopan in addition to their C5 inhibitor for an additional 12 weeks (Treatment Period 2) and participants randomized to danicopan will continue on danicopan for an additional 12 weeks, while remaining on their ongoing C5 inhibitor therapy. At the end of the 2 treatment periods (Week 24), participants may enter a Long-Term Extension (LTE) Period and continue to receive danicopan in addition to their C5 inhibitor therapy. The Long-Term Extension period will consist of a first year of LTE(Year1) and a second year of optional LTE(Year2).All patients will complete 72 weeks of LTE(Year 1) assessments. After Week 72 (at the end of the first year of LTE), patients have the choice to complete participation in this study or continue to the optional second year (Year2) of LTE.

Enrollment

86 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Diagnosis of PNH

Clinically Evident EVH defined by:

  • Anemia (Hgb ≤9.5 gram/deciliter) with absolute reticulocyte count ≥120 x 10^9/liter
  • Receiving an approved C5 inhibitor for at least 6 months prior to Day 1
  • Platelet count ≥30,000/microliters (µL)
  • Absolute neutrophil counts ≥500/μL
  • Documentation of/or willingness to receive vaccinations for N. meningiditis and prophylactic antibiotics as required

Exclusion criteria

  • History of a major organ transplant or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)
  • Participants with known aplastic anemia or other bone marrow failure that requires HSCT or other therapies including anti-thymocyte globulin and/or immunosuppressants
  • Known or suspected complement deficiency

Laboratory abnormalities at screening, including:

Alanine aminotransferase >2 x ULN (>3 x ULN in case of patients with documented liver iron overload defined by serum ferratin values

  • 500 ng/ML)
  • Direct bilirubin >2 x ULN (unless due to EVH or documented Gilbert's Syndrome)
  • Current evidence of biliary cholestasis
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate of <30 milliliters/minute/1.73 meter squared and/or are on dialysis
  • Evidence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B, or active hepatitis C infection at screening

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

86 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Danicopan + C5 Inhibitor
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive danicopan, in addition to their C5 inhibitor therapy, for 24 weeks (12 weeks in Treatment Period 1, followed by 12 weeks in Treatment Period 2).
Treatment:
Drug: Danicopan
Drug: C5 Inhibitor
Placebo + C5 Inhibitor
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants will receive placebo, in addition to their C5 inhibitor therapy, for 12 weeks during Treatment Period 1. At Week 12, participants randomized to receive placebo will be switched to danicopan for an additional 12 weeks (Treatment Period 2).
Treatment:
Drug: C5 Inhibitor
Drug: Placebo

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

62

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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