DELPHI in Subjects at Risk for Stroke and Dementia


Quantalx Neuroscience




Familial Alzheimer Disease
Cognitive Impairment
Cardiac Disease
Overweight and Obesity
Transient Ischemic Attack
Atrial Fibrillation
Sleep Disorder
Diabete Mellitus


Device: DELPhI system

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The DELPhi system is a software device that is used for the noninvasive evaluation of brain plasticity and connectivity. The DELPhi software uses EEG and TMS devices as accessories. Standard electro-physiological acquisition is performed using TMS to evoke regional neuronal potentials measured as EEG data. TMS-EEG data is analyzed with regards to conventional, well established characteristics of neuronal network plasticity and connectivity.

Full description

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive brain stimulation method that allows to study human cortical function in vivo. Using TMS for examining human cortical functionality is enhanced by combining TMS with simultaneous registration of electroencephalograph (EEG). EEG provides an opportunity to directly measure the cerebral response to TMS. Measuring the cortical TMS Evoked potential (TEP), is used to assess cerebral reactivity across wide areas of neocortex. By evaluating the propagation of evoked activity in different behavioral states and in different tasks, TMS-EEG has been used to causally probe the dynamic effective connectivity of human brain networks. In this study the sponsor is intended to collect data of subjects at the ages of 50-75, at risk for stroke and dementia using DELPHI, brain MRI scans, cognitive tests and clinical and demographic information. Some of the patients agreeing to perform a second test will serve for a reliability test. Primary Objectives: Definition of DELPHI's average TEP response of at risk for stroke and dementia population in subjects over 50-75 years old+/- STD. Assessing the Safey of the use of DELPHI in at risk for stroke and dementia population. Defining DELPHI's test-retest reliability by quantifying correlation coefficient between two tests. Exploratory objectives: Evaluating the sham stimulation effect. Assessing confounders effecting results. Subjects will perform a medical interview, neurological exam, cognitive evaluations, two emotional inventories and a brain MRI scan.


335 patients




50 to 75 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria:

Male and female at the ages of 50-75 years old (included) with at least one risk factor for Stroke or Dementia* and/or a suspected cognitive impairment**

Willing to cooperate with all study procedures. *Risk factors for Stroke and Dementia:

  • Previous stroke or TIA
  • Hypertension
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Other cardiac conditions (such as, MI, Valve disease etc.)
  • Smoking (any current smokers or past heavy smokers (>20 cigarettes/day)).
  • Obesity and overweight (BMI>25)
  • Familial history of dementia
  • Age ≥ 65

Sleep disturbances

** Suspected cognitive impairment:

  • self or family report of cognitive impairments
  • Objective evidence of cognitive impairments

4.2 Exclusion criteria:

  • Any neurodegenerative disease.
  • Neurological developmental disorder (e.g., Cerebral Palsy, Anoxic Brain Damage, Autism Spectrum Disorder).
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS).
  • Major psychiatric disorders (e.g., PTSD, Bi-polar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Substance abuse),
  • Chronic pain disorders.
  • History of brain tumor, history of brain surgery or brain radiation damage.
  • Prior known epileptic episode.
  • Subjects with any metallic brain implant or fragments (such as shunt, pacemaker, clips, coils, bullet fragments, cochlear implants).
  • Subjects with any implanted devices activated or controlled by physiological signals and/or ferromagnetic or other magnetic sensitive metals implanted in the head or anywhere within 12 inches/30 cm from the stimulation coil.
  • Any contraindication to MRI.
  • With any known significant head trauma in the medical history (e.g. loss of consciousness, altered consciousness, diagnosed evidence of contusion on brain imaging following trauma.
  • Current ongoing use of opioids, anti-psychotic, or anti-epileptic medications.
  • Intake of any other CNS directed medication such as sleeping pills, SSRIs, Anxiolytics 12 hours or less prior to the DELPHI evaluation.
  • Subjects that report drug abuse.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding woman.

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