Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Follicular Fluid and Cumulus-oocyte-complexes in COVID-19 Patients (COVID_OFF)

C

CRG UZ Brussel

Status

Completed

Conditions

IVF
Infertility
COVID

Treatments

Diagnostic Test: Blood sample

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04425317
COVIDOFF001

Details and patient eligibility

About

Recently, the world was shaken awake by a pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2). In most nations drastic isolation measures were taken to minimize the further spread of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Being the first pandemic sparked by a Coronavirus, little was known on COVID-19 and its implications on general health. Our understanding on the virus and its potential effects on health is growing. In Belgium, the situation is stabilizing, and doctors and healthcare workers are slowly recommencing routine work and consultations. As also fertility treatments were abruptly interrupted, many patients are in need to resume their treatment. The limited evidence of SARS-CoV-2 on pregnancy seems to be rather satisfying1, but practically nothing is known about the possible impact of an active SARS-CoV-2 infection on female gametes. Viral transmission occurs predominantly through respiratory droplets, but transmission to gametes cannot be ruled out. Since the onset of the pandemic, knowledge about the molecular details of SARS-CoV-2 infection rapidly grew. Coronaviruses are enveloped RNA viruses. For a virus to deliver their genome into the host cell, attachment and entrance into that cell is a crucial step. The coronavirus surface protein spike (S) mediates entry into target cells by binding to a cellular receptor and subsequent fusing of the viral envelope with a host cell membrane. The SARS-CoV-2-S protein (SARS-S) utilizes angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as a receptor for host cell entry. Host proteases such as transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) are then needed to cleave the viral S protein, allow-ing permanent fusion of the viral and host cell membranes2. Expression of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 has been shown in testicular, uterine and placental cells. Based on available transcriptomic data, co-expression of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 is also seen on oocyte level, but the possible impact on reproduction is unknown. The BSG (basigin or CD147), a receptor on host cells, was also identified as a possible route for viral invasion.

Enrollment

16 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

Under 45 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Female
  • Undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment
  • Planned for an oocyte retrieval
  • PCR positive of SARS-CoV-2 or high suspicion for COVID 19 based on CT scan
  • Signed informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • None

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

16 participants in 1 patient group

Diagnostic arm
Other group
Description:
Blood sample and endometrial biopsy Collection of follicular fluid, immature oocytes and cumulus cells
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: Blood sample

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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