Development of the Palate in Bilateral Orofacial Cleft Newborns One Year After Early Neonatal Cheiloplasty

C

Charles University, Czech Republic

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Cleft Lip
Cleft Palate
Cleft Lip and Palate
Cleft Lip, Bilateral

Treatments

Procedure: Early neonatal cheiloplasty

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03839290
656216

Details and patient eligibility

About

Early neonatal cheiloplasty is modified surgery protocol applied in the first week of newborn's life used for treating orofacial cleft patients. This prospective study analyzes the effects of early neonatal cheiloplasty on the growth and development of maxilla and palate during the observed period of one year.

Full description

Multidisciplinary treatment of patients with orofacial clefts begins immediately after birth. The first surgical procedure is early neonatal cheiloplasty applied in the first week of the newborn's life, which has been practiced in the Czech Republic for many years. It is a popular parental choice and has a lot of benefits compared to classic cheiloplasty performed between 3-6 months. Unrestricted growth of jaws is essential for the successful therapy of aesthetics and functions. Although there are known a lot of benefits to this surgery, its influence on facial growth is still being studied. The methodology of this study is based on modern three-dimensional imaging methods and will be evaluated by classic and geometric morphometric analysis of virtual dental models. The existing database includes 137 virtual dental casts (complete and incomplete bilateral or unilateral cleft lip and palate). The main aim is to verify that the effects of early neonatal cheiloplasty on the facial or palatal growth are minimal in affected individuals and therefore the subsequent development of these structures can be predicted at a later age. Other goals are to evaluate palatal morphology before and one year after early neonatal cheiloplasty, to assess growth of maxilla and palate using classic and geometric morphometry, to assess morphological differences between cleft types and to compare the results with previously published data of neonates operated by later operation protocol and noncleft control groups.

Enrollment

137 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

Under 1 year old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Nonsyndromic orofacial cleft
  • Czech origin
  • Operated by the same surgeon
  • Following same surgery protocol (modified Veau surgery protocol)
  • Excellent body temperature, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, heart function
  • Performing of early neonatal cheiloplasty

Exclusion criteria

  • Poor health
  • Syndromic orofacial cleft
  • Operated by later operation protocol (3-6 months)
  • Non-Czech origin

Trial design

137 participants in 2 patient groups

Bilateral cleft lip and palate patients
Description:
Newborns with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (cBCLP) and bilateral cleft lip and palate with tissue bridges (BCLP + B) analyzed one year after neonatal cheiloplasty
Treatment:
Procedure: Early neonatal cheiloplasty
Unilateral cleft lip and palate patients
Description:
Newborns with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (cUCLP) and unilateral cleft lip and palate with tissue bridges (UCLP + B) analyzed one year after neonatal cheiloplasty
Treatment:
Procedure: Early neonatal cheiloplasty

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Lenka Jaklová

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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