Dexamethasone in Reducing Everolimus-Induced Oral Stomatitis in Patients With Cancer (MIST)

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Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 3

Conditions

Malignant Neoplasm

Treatments

Drug: Dexamethasone
Other: Placebo
Drug: Everolimus
Other: Questionnaire
Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT03839940
UG1CA189823 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
NCI-2018-02648 (Registry Identifier)
A221701

Details and patient eligibility

About

This phase III trial studies how well dexamethasone works in reducing everolimus-induced oral stomatitis in patients with cancer. Dexamethasone may help to reduce the everolimus-induced oral stomatitis so as to improve quality of life in cancer patients.

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine if the initiation of dexamethasone at the start of everolimus treatment prevents mTOR inhibitor-associated stomatitis (mIAS)-associated pain, compared to the initiation of placebo. II. To determine if the initiation of dexamethasone at the start of everolimus treatment will be superior compared to the initiation of placebo in terms of the overall severity of mIAS-associated pain. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To utilize the same measurement method that was reported in the SWISH trial: A combination of a patient reported pain scale, data from a normalcy of diet questionnaire, and clinician grading of stomatitis to determine the incidence of > grade 2 mIAS. II. To determine if the initiation of dexamethasone at the start of everolimus increases time to development of mouth pain using daily numerical analog scale patient-reported data collection. III. To assess if quality of life is better when dexamethasone mouth rinse use starts at the same time as everolimus use versus at the time when mouth pain begins. IV. To investigate if starting dexamethasone mouth rinse concurrent with starting everolimus improves patients' ability to adhere to everolimus therapy. V. To compare dexamethasone prescription fill rates and timing between patients who received placebo versus study drug at the initiation of everolimus. Trial Design: OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups. GROUP I: Patients receive everolimus orally (PO) once daily (QD) as standard of care and dexamethasone as mouthwash over 2 minutes 4 times per day (QID) for 8 weeks. GROUP II: Patients receive everolimus PO QD as standard of care and placebo as mouthwash over 2 minutes QID for 8 weeks.

Enrollment

39 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Current cancer diagnosis, about to receive oral everolimus 10 mg/day with or without an endocrine agent. Patients about to receive everolimus for off label use for any cancer are also eligible.
  • Not currently receiving chemotherapy or any other agent known to cause mucositis or stomatitis. Trastuzumab and ovarian function suppression are allowed.
  • Any prior chemotherapy or other stomatitis/mucositis-causing therapy must be completed at least 2 weeks prior to registration.
  • Not currently suffering from stomatitis/mucositis or mouth ulcers. Patients should not have had any stomatitis or mouth pain for at least 7 days prior to registration.
  • Patients should not receive any other agent which would be considered treatment for stomatitis or impact the primary endpoint.
  • No history of candida infection (thrush) within the last 3 months.
  • Not currently being treated with corticosteroids.
  • No uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, defined by hemoglobin A1C greater than 8%, although A1C is not needed for all patients, hemoglobin (Hgb)A1C < 8 is required for everyone with diabetes or suspected diabetes.
  • Patients must be able to read and comprehend English. Local translation, including verbal translation of professionals (PROs) is not permitted.
  • Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration is required.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1 or 2.

Trial design

39 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Group I (dexamethasone)
Experimental group
Description:
Patients receive 10mg oral everolimus daily as standard of care and 10ml dexamethasone oral mouthwash, swished for 2-minutes daily, for 8 weeks.
Treatment:
Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Drug: Everolimus
Other: Questionnaire
Drug: Dexamethasone
Group II (placebo)
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Patients receive 10mg oral everolimus daily as standard of care and 10ml placebo oral mouthwash, swished for 2-minutes daily, for 8 weeks.
Treatment:
Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Drug: Everolimus
Other: Questionnaire
Other: Placebo

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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