Diet and Estrogen Metabolism in Postmenopausal Women

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Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Status

Completed

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Treatments

Other: fat reduction without increased fiber
Other: fat reduction with increased fiber

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00003098
NCI-P97-0112 (Other Identifier)
UCLA-HSPC-950942302 (Other Identifier)
CDR0000065828

Details and patient eligibility

About

RATIONALE: The amount of dietary fat or fiber may affect estrogen metabolism in postmenopausal women, and this may affect the risk of developing cancer. PURPOSE: Randomized dietary intervention to study the effectiveness of a low-fat diet combined with either high fiber or low fiber on estrogen metabolism in healthy postmenopausal women.

Full description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effect of a low fat diet combined with either high fiber (25-35 grams per day) or low fiber (10-15 grams per day) intake on estrogen metabolism in healthy postmenopausal women. OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to one of 2 arms (dietary fat reduction with and without increased fiber). All patient must successfully complete a dietary run-in phase for 4 weeks before randomization. During the run-in phase, patients are asked to maintain a food record for days 7-14. Patients undergo radioisotopic infusion study of sex steroid metabolism on days 14, 21, and 28. Patients are given 3 prepackaged meals a day for 12 weeks. Patients must maintain a record of all food eaten and return all food containers to the center for documentation. Patients undergo radioisotopic infusion study of sex steroid metabolism on days 70, 77, and 84. At the end of the 12 weeks, patients meet with the dietitian for 30 minutes to receive instructions on maintaining a low fat, high fiber diet for the second phase of the study. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 40 women will be accrued over 4 years.

Enrollment

12 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

50 to 69 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Healthy postmenopausal female between the ages of 50 and 69 with diet of greater than 32% of total calories from fat and less than 15 grams of fiber

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 50 to 69 Sex: Female Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: At least 2 years since menopause In general good health Increased body fat (125%-175% of ideal body weight) Increased upper body fat (waist-to-hip circumference ratio greater than 0.85) Serum estradiol greater than 13 picograms per milliliter

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No concurrent medication that can interfere with blood test results No hormone replacement therapy or thyroid hormones

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

12 participants in 2 patient groups

fat reduction increased fiber
Experimental group
Description:
Patients are randomized to dietary fat reduction with increased fiber). All patient must successfully complete a dietary run-in phase for 4 weeks before randomization. During the run-in phase, patients are asked to maintain a food record for days 7-14. Patients undergo radioisotopic infusion study of sex steroid metabolism on days 14, 21, and 28. Patients are given 3 prepackaged meals a day for 12 weeks. Patients must maintain a record of all food eaten and return all food containers to the center for documentation. Patients undergo radioisotopic infusion study of sex steroid metabolism on days 70, 77, and 84. At the end of the 12 weeks, patients meet with the dietitian for 30 minutes to receive instructions on maintaining a low fat, high fiber diet for the second phase of the study.
Treatment:
Other: fat reduction with increased fiber
fat reduction without increased fiber
Experimental group
Description:
Patients are randomized to dietary fat reduction without increased fiber). All patient must successfully complete a dietary run-in phase for 4 weeks before randomization. During the run-in phase, patients are asked to maintain a food record for days 7-14. Patients undergo radioisotopic infusion study of sex steroid metabolism on days 14, 21, and 28. Patients are given 3 prepackaged meals a day for 12 weeks. Patients must maintain a record of all food eaten and return all food containers to the center for documentation. Patients undergo radioisotopic infusion study of sex steroid metabolism on days 70, 77, and 84. At the end of the 12 weeks, patients meet with the dietitian for 30 minutes to receive instructions on maintaining a low fat, high fiber diet for the second phase of the study.
Treatment:
Other: fat reduction without increased fiber

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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