Discharge Opioid Education to Decrease Opioid Use After Cesarean

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Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Status

Completed

Conditions

Opioid Use

Treatments

Other: Opioid Education Handout

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03678870
181190

Details and patient eligibility

About

Background: The number of opioid overdose deaths in the United States has quadrupled in 15 years, a dramatic manifestation of the current opioid abuse epidemic. This rise parallels a sharp increase in the amount of legal prescription opioids dispensed. The abundance of prescription opioids available is a primary pathway for opioid abuse and diversion and higher opioid use after surgery has been associated with an increased risk of chronic opioid use. Reducing the amount of opioid used after cesarean delivery may decrease the risk of chronic opioid use and will help towards better estimating and reducing the amount of opioids prescribed at discharge. Objective: To to compare discharge opioid education to standard care to ascertain whether opioid education reduces opioid use after hospital discharge

Full description

Background: The number of opioid overdose deaths in the United States has quadrupled in 15 years, a dramatic manifestation of the current opioid abuse epidemic. This rise parallels a sharp increase in the amount of legal prescription opioids dispensed. The abundance of prescription opioids available is a primary pathway for opioid abuse and diversion and higher opioid use after surgery has been associated with an increased risk of chronic opioid use. Reducing the amount of opioid used after cesarean delivery may decrease the risk of chronic opioid use and will help towards better estimating and reducing the amount of opioids prescribed at discharge. Objective: To to compare discharge opioid education to standard care to ascertain whether opioid education reduces opioid use after hospital discharge Preliminary Data: Our soon to be published study (Obstetrics & Gynecology Journal) found that 30% of women used all their opioids after discharge for cesarean delivery because they "were following directions" and not because they had pain. Enrollment & Randomization Enrollment Participants will be approached after their cesarean delivery either in the recovery room or in their private postpartum room Informed written consent will be obtained by a trained research assistant (i.e. medical student) or by the study researchers (Attendings, fellows) After enrollment, participants will be asked to complete Survey 1 either in person or by giving sending them the web link with RedCap Randomization Enrolled patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio using permuted blocks of 6 Randomization sequence will be developed through sealed envelope.com Randomization and allocation will be done through RedCap Study Procedures Enrollment Postoperative Day 0-1: Survey 1 through RedCap (takes ~10 minutes) Randomization education versus usual care Control = Standard discharge instructions, which list medications prescribed at discharge Intervention = a single page handout (see attachment) with information about how to use medications for pain after discharge. This handout contains the following instructions Get baseline pain control with ibuprofen Use your opioid prescription only if your pain is very bad Taper your medications Get rid of leftover opioid tablets At discharge all patients will receive the follow medications using PillsyCaps. These are standard medications given at discharge at our institution Ibuprofen 600mg: 30 tablets Hydrocodone 5mg -acetaminophen 325mg: 30 tablets Postoperative day 14: All participants will be contacted to complete Survey 2 (Takes ~ 15 minutes Attempts to contact each participant will be done 3 times before they are designated as "lost to follow up" If a participant is still using opioids on postoperative day 14, they should be contacted weekly until they are no longer taking opioids Primary Outcome Median number of tablets of hydrocodone-acetaminophen used after hospital discharge Secondary Outcomes: Visual Analog Scale pain score (median) Percentage of patients reporting pain since discharge as worse than expected Percentage of patients obtaining additional prescriptions for pain Percentage of patients with unscheduled visits for pain Mean ibuprofen milligrams used hours 24-47 after cesarean Mean acetaminophen milligrams used hours 24-47 after cesarean Total Morphine Milligram Equivalents (MME) used per hour of inpatient stay Risks o Breach of confidentiality of protected health information Reporting Adverse Events Any adverse events or unanticipated problems involving risk to participants or others will be reported to the Institutional Review Board and the Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) privacy office within 7 days of discovery. Study Withdrawal/discontinuation Participants may withdraw at any time by providing written intent to the Primary Investigator. Participants may be removed from the study if they develop a major surgical complication after their cesarean. Statistical Considerations Using prior data, the average opioid MME used per person was 130 MME (SD 90) in the "average use" group. With an alpha of 5% and a beta of 80%, we estimate that 160 total participants are required to show a 30% reduction in opioid used. Assuming a lost to follow up rate of 20%, we plan to enroll 200 women. Follow-up and Record Retention On average 100 cesareans are performed per month. With a 50% enrollment rate, we anticipate this study will take 4 months to complete The patient list will be destroyed upon data analysis and publication. Redcap will be archived upon publication.

Enrollment

196 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 45 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Women 18-45 years old
  • Women undergoing cesarean delivery at VUMC

Exclusion criteria

Major post-surgical complications:

  • cesarean hysterectomy, bowel or bladder injury, reoperation, ICU admission, wound infection or separation
  • Chronic opioid use: Taking buprenorphine during pregnancy, taking an opioid for > 7 days during pregnancy.
  • Women who do not speak English

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

196 participants in 2 patient groups

Education
Experimental group
Description:
Opioid Education
Treatment:
Other: Opioid Education Handout
Control
No Intervention group
Description:
standard discharge instructions, which lists medications prescribed at discharge

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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