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Dose Escalation and Dose Expansion Study of CPO-100 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

C

Conjupro Biotherapeutics

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 1

Conditions

Solid Tumor

Treatments

Drug: CPO-100

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT04931823
CPO-100-US-101

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a Phase 1, multicenter, open-label, dose escalation and dose expansion study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary evidence of antitumor activity of CPO-100 administered intravenously in cycles of 3 weekly doses with 1 week rest (1 cycle = 4 weeks) in adult patients with advanced solid tumors.

Full description

The study has three parts. Part A-1 is a dose-escalation phase with a modified "3+3" design in patients with metastatic or unresectable advanced solid tumors to evaluate the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics (PK) as a single agent. Two patients will be enrolled at each of the first 2 dose levels and observed for safety during the first cycle. If there are no ≥Grade 2 treatment emergent adverse events (TEAE) that are clinically significant and attributed to the study drug as assessed by the investigator during Cycle 1 for any of the patients in the first two dose levels, the 3rd dose level and beyond will follow the traditional 3+3 design. Dose escalation during the "3+3" period for each subsequent cohort of patients will be guided by the incidence of CPO-100-related adverse events (AE) as graded by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) CTCAE v5.0 in the first 4 weeks of dosing [the Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) evaluation period].

In Part A-2, the starting dose for this part will be 45 mg/m2. This dose was established in Part A-1 as being that dose at which the use of Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor ()G-CSF is indicated given that the only Grade 3 treatment-related adverse events noted were related to neutropenia and was well managed with G-CSF support. Prophylactic use of G-CSF will be permitted in Cycle 1 based on the investigator judgement.

This additional intervention of primary prophylaxis will be explored in order to determine if the risk of febrile neutropenia (FN) under these circumstances is reduced. Dose escalation during the 3+3 period for each subsequent cohort of patients will be guided by the incidence of CPO-100-related adverse events (AE) as graded by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0 in the first 4 weeks of dosing (the DLT evaluation period).

After the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of weekly dosing schedule has been established, a recommended Phase 2 dose will be selected based on evaluation of the PK, and safety and tolerability profile on all available Part A study data by the Safety Review Committee (SRC). The selection of the Recommended Phase 2 Dose (RP2D) will consider all available clinical and non-clinical CPO-100 data as well as relevant docetaxel published data.

Part B expansion phase will further evaluate the safety and tolerability as well as the preliminary antitumor activity at the selected RP2D. Four cohorts of patients are included in Part B:

Cohort 1: taxane naïve advanced/metastatic gastric, head and neck, lung, and ovarian cancers Cohort 2: taxane naïve advanced/metastatic breast cancer Cohort 3: taxane naïve advanced /metastatic prostate cancer Cohort 4: advanced/metastatic breast or ovarian cancer who have either progressed on a taxane or have developed progressive disease within 6 months of receiving a taxane.

The taxane naïve patient population is defined as patients who have not received taxane or taxane-based therapies for their metastatic diseases or patients who had suboptimal taxane exposure defined as having received less than 2 cycles of taxane or taxane-based therapies due to intolerability for their metastatic diseases. Patients who have received taxane or taxane-based therapies for their neoadjuvant treatment or patients who have received taxane or taxane-based therapies for their adjuvant treatment without disease progression during treatment are also considered taxane naïve, as long as they have not received taxane or taxane-based therapies to treat the metastatic diseases.

It is estimated that approximately 60 patients can be enrolled in Parts A-1 and A-2. The exact number of patients will depend on the number of dose levels tested. A total of 60 patients, 15 patients in each cohort will be enrolled in Part B.

The total duration of the study is estimated to be approximately 5 years. Patients may continue receiving CPO-100 until criteria for withdrawal are met. Patients deriving clinical benefit may continue to receive study medication for as long as they are benefiting from treatment. In the event the study closes or terminates while patients are still benefiting from and receiving CPO-100, every effort will be made to continue drug supply.

Enrollment

126 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria - Parts A-1, A-2, and B:

  1. Presence of a pathologically documented (histology or cytology) locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor cancer.

  2. Patients has failed at least 2 lines of conventional systemic therapy or have no other standard of care therapies available for their cancer. Prostate cancer patients should have received adenosine triphosphate (ADT) alone,(GnRH agonist, GnRH antagonist, or surgical orchiectomy and a pathway targeted agent such as abiraterone, enzalutamide, etc (castration-resistant prostate cancer). M1 disease must be present (not just biochemical recurrence).

  3. Male or female patients18 years of age or older.

  4. ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status (PS) of 0, 1 or 2

  5. Having at least one measurable target lesion present and documented by RECIST 1.1 for each cancer other than prostate cancer. Patients with prostate cancer may be enrolled with non-measurable disease providing the patient with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) increase that is ≥25% and ≥2 ng/mL above the nadir, which is confirmed by a second value ≥3 weeks later, or 2 or more new bone lesions on imaging.

  6. Adequate major system function defined as:

    1. Bone marrow reserve:

      Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x109/L Platelet count ≥ 100 x109/L Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL without transfusion (the patient needs to be transfusion independent)

    2. Hepatic function:

      Total bilirubin ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless the subject has Grade 1 bilirubin elevation due to Gilbert's disease or a similar syndrome involving slow conjugation of total bilirubin); And aspartate aminotransferase (AST) / serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) / serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) ≤ 1.5 x ULN with alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 x ULN.

    3. Renal function:

      Normal serum creatinine ≤1.5 mg/dL (133 μmol/L) OR calculated creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min. (Cockcroft - Gault formula)

    4. Coagulation:

    Adequate coagulation parameters defined as International Normalization Ratio (INR) ≤2.

  7. Adequate methods of contraception for female patients of reproductive potential during the study and for at least 6 months following last dose. Male patients with female partners of childbearing potential and women patients of childbearing potential are required to use two forms of acceptable contraception, including 1 barrier method, during their participation in the study and for at least 3 months following last dose. Male patients must also refrain from donating sperm during their participation in the study.

  8. Life expectancy ≥3 months.

  9. Willingness and ability to comply with study and follow-up procedures.

  10. Ability to understand the nature of this study and give written informed consent.

Additional Inclusion Criteria for the dose expansion cohort - Part B

  1. Pathologically confirmed (histology or cytology) of the following cancer types:

    1. Cohort 1: taxane naïve advanced/metastatic gastric cancer, lung cancer, head and neck cancer, or ovarian cancer;
    2. Cohort 2: taxane naïve advanced/metastatic breast cancer;
    3. Cohort 3: taxane naïve advanced/metastatic prostate cancer.
    4. Cohort 4: advanced/metastatic breast or ovarian cancer patients who have either progressed on a taxane or have developed progressive disease within 6 months of receiving a taxane;
  2. With the exception of Cohort 4 above, taxane naïve patients must not have received taxane or taxane based therapies for their metastatic diseases. Patients who had suboptimal taxane exposure defined as having received less than 2 cycles of taxane or taxane based therapies due to intolerability for their metastatic diseases, patients who have received taxane or taxane based therapies for their neoadjuvant treatment or patients who have received taxane or taxane based therapies for their adjuvant treatment without disease progression during treatment are also considered taxane naïve, as long as they have not received taxane or taxane based therapies to treat the metastatic diseases.

Exclusion Criteria - Part A and B

  1. Most recent chemotherapy ≤14 days or have residual NCI CTCAE greater than Grade 1 chemotherapy-related side effects, with the exception of alopecia.

  2. Use of any experimental drug ≤28 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose of CPO-100. For study drugs for which 5 half-lives is ≤28 days, a minimum of 14 days between termination of the study drug and administration of CPO-100 is required.

  3. Wide field radiotherapy (including therapeutic radioisotopes such as strontium 89 and lutetium 177) administered ≤28 days or limited field radiation for palliation ≤7 days prior to starting study drug or has not recovered from side effects of such therapy.

  4. Major surgical procedures ≤28 days of beginning study drug, or minor surgical procedures ≤7 days. No waiting required following port-a-cath placement.

  5. Previously untreated brain metastases. Patients who have received radiation or surgery for brain metastases are eligible if therapy was completed at least 2 weeks previously and there is no evidence of central nervous system disease progression, and no requirement for chronic corticosteroid therapy.

  6. Leptomeningeal metastases or spinal cord compression due to disease.

  7. Known serious hypersensitivity reactions to docetaxel or life-threatening toxicity due to prior exposure to docetaxel

  8. Pregnant or lactating.

  9. Acute or chronic liver, renal, or pancreatic disease that in the opinion of the investigator would put the patient at unjustified increased risk by participating in this study or could interfere with the interpretation of the study results.

  10. Other systemic disease that in the opinion of the investigator would put the patient at unjustified increased risk by participating in this study or could interfere with the interpretation of the study results.

  11. Any of the following cardiac diseases currently or within the last 6 months:

    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% as determined by multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO)
    • Corrected QT (QTc) interval >470 ms (average of 3 tracings) on screening electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Congestive heart failure according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) ≥ Grade 2)
    • Acute myocardial infarction
    • Conduction abnormality not controlled with pacemaker or medication
    • Significant ventricular or supraventricular arrhythmias. (Patients with chronic rate-controlled atrial fibrillation in the absence of other cardiac abnormalities are eligible.)
  12. Inadequately controlled hypertension (ie, systolic blood pressure (SBP) >180 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >100 mmHg). Subjects with values above these levels must have their blood pressure (BP) controlled with medication prior to starting treatment.

  13. Serious active infection at the time of treatment, or another serious underlying medical condition that that in the judgment of the investigator would impair the ability of the patient to receive protocol treatment.

  14. HIV positive test within 8 weeks of screening. HIV positive patients with T-cell (CD4+) counts ≥350 cells/mL and not receiving treatment or does not plan to be treated with antiretroviral medication will be eligible for the study. Testing for seropositive status during screening will be at the discretion of the investigator in patients without previously reported results.

  15. Active hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection.

    • Patients will be tested for hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) at Screening.
    • Patients with hepatitis B (HepBsAg+) who have controlled infection (serum hepatitis B virus DNA level is below the limit of detection by PCR) may be enrolled into the study. Subjects with controlled infections must undergo periodic monitoring of HBV DNA per treating physician.
    • Patients with hepatitis C (HCV Ab+) who have controlled infection (undetectable HCV RNA by PCR either spontaneously or in response to a successful prior course of anti-HCV therapy) may be enrolled into the study. Patients with controlled infections must undergo periodic monitoring of HCV RNA per treating physician.
  16. Presence of other active cancers, or history of treatment for invasive cancer ≤3 years. Patients with Stage I cancer who have received definitive local treatment and are considered unlikely to recur are eligible. All patients with previously treated in situ carcinoma (ie, non-invasive) are eligible, as are patients with history of non-melanoma skin cancer.

  17. Psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol.

  18. Routine use of corticosteroids or erythrocyte-stimulating factors as well as prophylactic use of colony-stimulating factors.

  19. Use of any strong CYP3A4 inhibitor or strong inducer drugs ≤28 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose of CPO-100. For CYP3A4 inducer drugs for which 5 half-lives is ≤28 days, a minimum of 14 days between discontinuation of the drug and administration of CPO-100 is required.

  20. Use of herbal preparations/medications including, but are not limited to: St. John's wort, kava, ephedra (ma huang), gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), yohimbe, saw palmetto, and ginseng. A minimum of 14 days between discontinuation of the herbal preparation/medications and administration of CPO-100 is required.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Sequential Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

126 participants in 6 patient groups

Part A-1: Dose Escalation
Experimental group
Description:
CPO-100 administered intravenously in cycles of 3 weekly doses with 1 week rest (1 cycle = 4 weeks).
Treatment:
Drug: CPO-100
Part A-2: Dose escalation
Experimental group
Description:
CPO-100 administered intravenously in cycles of 3 weekly doses with 1 week rest (1 cycle = 4 weeks) with the option to administer G-CSF in cycle one. Starting dose will be 45 mg/m2.
Treatment:
Drug: CPO-100
Part B: Cohort 1
Experimental group
Description:
CPO-100 administered intravenously in cycles of 3 weekly doses with 1 week rest (1 cycle = 4 weeks) at the recommended Phase 2 dose (X mg/m2) in 15 patients with taxane naïve advanced solid tumors of gastric, head and neck, lung, and ovarian.
Treatment:
Drug: CPO-100
Part B: Cohort 2
Experimental group
Description:
CPO-100 administered intravenously in cycles of 3 weekly doses with 1 week rest (1 cycle = 4 weeks) at the recommended Phase 2 dose (X mg/m2) in 15 patients with taxane naïve advanced breast cancer.
Treatment:
Drug: CPO-100
Part B: Cohort 3
Experimental group
Description:
CPO-100 administered intravenously in cycles of 3 weekly doses with 1 week rest (1 cycle = 4 weeks) at the recommended Phase 2 dose (X mg/m2) in 15 patients with taxane naïve advanced prostate cancer.
Treatment:
Drug: CPO-100
Part B: Cohort 4
Experimental group
Description:
CPO-100 administered intravenously in cycles of 3 weekly doses with 1 week rest (1 cycle = 4 weeks) at the recommended Phase 2 dose (X mg/m2) in 15 patients with either ovarian or/and breast cancer who have failed prior taxane treatment (ie, either progressed on a taxane regimen or within 6 months of receiving a taxane regimen).
Treatment:
Drug: CPO-100

Trial contacts and locations

10

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Central trial contact

Study Officials

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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