DV Combined With Cadonilimab in Subjects With HER2-expressing Gastric Cancer and Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma After Progression on First-line Therapy

R

RemeGen

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Gastric Cancer
Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

Treatments

Drug: Cadonilimab Injection
Drug: Paclitaxel Injection
Drug: Disitamab Vedotin Injection

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT06221748
RC48-C035

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Disitamab Vedotin Combined with Cadonilimab in subjects with HER2-expressing locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma after progression on first-line therapy.

Full description

This is an open-label, randomized, multicenter, Phase II/III Study designed to evaluate safety and efficacy of Disitamab Vedotin Combined with Cadonilimab in subjects with HER2-expressing locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma after progression on first-line therapy. This clinical study was divided into two parts, phase II and III.Part I: Phase II study primary objectives of the study are to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Disitamab Vedotin Combined with Cadonilimab versus Disitamab Vedotin versus paclitaxel in subjects with HER2-expressing locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma after progression on first-line therapy. Part II: Phase III study primary objectives of the study are to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Disitamab Vedotin Combined with Cadonilimab versus paclitaxel in subjects with HER2-expressing locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma after progression on first-line therapy. Tumor assessments, including radiological assessments by CT/MRI scans will be performed at Screening and subsequently every 6 weeks (±7 days) until disease progression, death, the start of new anticancer therapy, or patient's withdrawal of consent (whichever occurs first). All patients who discontinue treatment will be followed for survival every 3 months until death, lost to follow-up, withdrawal of consent for survival follow-up, or end of study (whichever comes first).

Enrollment

90 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Voluntarily agreed to participate in the study and signed an informed consent form;

  2. Age 18-75 years(both 18 and 75);

  3. Expected survival ≥ 12 weeks

  4. ECOG physical condition score of 0 or 1

  5. Locally advanced or metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma (including adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction) confirmed by histology and/or cytology

  6. Subjects will only have failed or been intolerant to prior standard first-line therapy (excluding paclitaxel), with no restriction on prior treatment with a PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor.

  7. Confirmation of HER2 (IHC 1+, 2+, or 3+) and PD-L1 expression: for Phase II enrolled subjects, results of investigator-confirmed HER2 and PD-L1 expression will be accepted; for Phase III enrolled subjects, HER2 and PD-L1 expression will be accepted only as results from the central laboratory.

  8. Bone marrow function:

    1. Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (no blood transfusion and no erythropoietin treatment within 2 weeks prior to the examination);
    2. Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 × 109/L (must not receive granulocyte colony-stimulating factor treatment within 2 weeks prior to the examination)
    3. Platelet count ≥ 90 × 109/L (no platelet transfusion or treatment with recombinant human thrombopoietin within 2 weeks before the test);
  9. Liver function (based on normal values at the Clinical Trials Center):

    1. Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN);
    2. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Mentholatum aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 × ULN in the absence of hepatic metastases; ALT and AST ≤ 5 × ULN in the presence of hepatic metastases;
  10. Renal function (based on normal values at the Clinical Trials Center):

    Blood creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN, or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 60 mL/min calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula method, or measured 24-hour urine CrCl ≥ 60 mL/min;

  11. Coagulation:

    1. Prothrombin time (PT) ≤ 1.5 x ULN;
    2. Thrombin time (TT) ≤ 1.5 × ULN;
    3. Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) ≤ 1.5×ULN;
  12. Cardiac function:

    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification <3;
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50%;
  13. The subject is able to provide specimens for central laboratory testing/review (at least 5 tissue sections) from the site of the primary or metastatic focus of the tumor within 3 years, preferably specimens taken after failure of first-line therapy;

  14. Have at least one measurable lesion according to RECISTv1.1 criteria;

  15. For female subjects: should be surgically sterilized, post-menopausal, or agree to use a medically approved contraceptive method (e.g., IUD, birth control pills, or condoms) for the duration of the study treatment and for 6 months after the end of the study treatment period; must have had a negative blood pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the study drug administration and must not be breastfeeding; and must not donate eggs for a period of 6 months from the time of signing of the informed consent form to the time of the last administration of the study drug. No egg donation for 6 months. For male subjects: should be surgically sterilized or agree to use a medically approved method of contraception during and for 6 months after the end of study treatment; no sperm donation from the time of signing the informed consent until at least 4 months after the last dose of study drug;

  16. Be able to understand the requirements of the trial and be willing and able to comply with the trial and follow-up procedures.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Metastatic CNS and/or meningeal carcinomatosis;

  2. prior treatment with any antibody-drug conjugate including Disitamab Vedotin For Injection; prior treatment with cardinolizumab

  3. Prior anti-cancer therapy resulting in toxicity that has not recovered to CTCAE (version 5.0) ≤ Grade 1 (except for hair loss, hyperpigmentation, or other conditions that do not increase the risk of the subject's use of the drug determined by the investigators;

  4. Radical radiotherapy within 3 months prior to study dosing; palliative radiotherapy 2 weeks prior to dosing is permitted, at a dose that meets local diagnostic criteria for palliative care and with radiotherapy coverage of less than 30% of the bone marrow area;

  5. Prior major surgery within 4 weeks before study dose start and incomplete recovery

  6. Received a live vaccine within 28 days prior to the start of the first study dose or plan to receive any vaccine during the study period

  7. Third interstitial effusion associated with clinical symptoms or that requires symptomatic treatment;

  8. Ongoing grade ≥2 sensorimotor or motoneuropathy;

  9. serum virology (based on site normal values):

    1. Positive Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) test result with a positive HBV DNA copy number;
    2. Positive test result for Hepatitis C Antibody (HCVAb) (enrollment in the study is only possible if the PCR test result for HCV RNA is negative);
    3. Positive test result for human immunodeficiency virus antibody (HIVAb).;
  10. Serious arterial/venous or cardiovascular accidents, such as deep vein thrombosis ( except asymptomatic interstitial vein thrombosis which does not require special treatment), pulmonary embolism, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, etc., except for lacunar cerebral infarction, which is asymptomatic and does not require clinical intervention, have occurred in the last 6 months prior to the study drug administration;

  11. Tumor lesions with bleeding tendency (e.g., presence of active ulcerated tumor lesions with a positive fecal occult blood test, history of vomiting blood or black stools within 2 months prior to signing the informed consent form, risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage in the judgment of the investigator, etc.), or receipt of blood transfusion 4 weeks prior to study drug administration;;

  12. The occurrence of an active or progressive infection requiring systemic treatment (trial drug may be initiated 2 weeks after completion of anti-infective therapy);

  13. The presence of unsteady controlled systemic disease as judged by the investigator, including diabetes and hypertension, hepatocirrhosis, interstitial pneumonitis, and obstructive lung disease.

  14. The existence of active autoimmune disease requiring systemic therapy (e.g., use of immunomodulatory agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive agents) within 2 years prior to the start of study dosing, allowing for related replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for renal or pituitary insufficiency);

  15. Other malignancy within 5 years prior to the start of study dosing, with the exception of the following: malignancies that are expected to resolve with treatment (including, but not limited to, adequately treated thyroid cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, or ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast treated by radical surgery);

  16. prior history of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or organ transplantation;

  17. known hypersensitivity to immunosuppressants and any other antibody-drug conjugate and their components and any of the drugs in this study;

  18. women who are pregnant or breast-feeding;

  19. Any other disease, metabolic abnormality, physical examination abnormality, or laboratory test abnormality that, in the judgment of the Investigator, gives reason to suspect that the subject has a disease or condition that is unsuitable for the use of the study medication, would interfere with the interpretation of the results of the study, or puts the subject at a high risk of developing a condition;

  20. subjects whose participation in this study is estimated to be insufficiently adherent or who, in the judgment of the investigator, have other factors that make them unsuitable for participation in this study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

90 participants in 3 patient groups

Disitamab Vedotin + Cadonilimab
Experimental group
Description:
Disitamab Vedotin With Cadonilimab
Treatment:
Drug: Disitamab Vedotin Injection
Drug: Cadonilimab Injection
Disitamab Vedotin
Experimental group
Description:
Disitamab Vedotin arm
Treatment:
Drug: Disitamab Vedotin Injection
Paclitaxel
Experimental group
Description:
Paclitaxel Arm
Treatment:
Drug: Paclitaxel Injection

Trial contacts and locations

12

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Central trial contact

Jianmin Fang, Ph.D

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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