Dynamic Changes of Monocytes and NK Cells of CHC Patient Treated by DAAs

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Sun Yat-sen University




Chronic Hepatitis C (Disorder)


Drug: Daclatasvir-Sofosbuvir
Drug: Ledipasvir-Sofosbuvir

Study type


Funder types



Effect of DAAs on immune cells

Details and patient eligibility


Recently,surprisingly and unexpectedly increased aggressiveness and high rates of HCC recurrence (28%(16/58) and 29%(17/59), respectively) have been reported in patients who cleared HCV with DAAs after achieving a complete response to resection or local ablation within only 6 months of therapy. The authors hypothesized that the rapid eradication of HCV and control of liver inflammation would impact anti-tumoral immune control, which in turn might contribute to the neoplastic cells proliferation. Conversely, three independent prospective French cohorts failed to reveal an increased risk of HCC recurrence after DAAs treatment in CHC patients after receiving curative cancer treatments.Although the impact of DAAs treatment on the rate of HCC occurrence or recurrence still remain unclear, it would be more important to pay attention to the immunological changes of CHC patients treated with DAAs.Up to now, little was known about the immunological changes of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients treated with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs), here we try to explore the effect of antiviral treatment of CHC patients with DAAs on the frequency of monocytes, NK cells and cytokines that promote their activation.

Full description

15 treatment-naive CHC patients and 10 healthy controls were recruited. Patients were examined before DAAs therapy (0w) and at weeks 4 (4w) and weeks 12 (12w) of the therapy. The percentage of monocytes,NK cells of the peripheral blood were analyzed by flow cytometry. Serum cytokines IL-12, IL-18, CXCL10, CXCL11, sCD14 and sCD163 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.


25 patients




18 to 75 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Positive serum Anti-HCV antibody or serum HCV-RNA, CHC patients without any treatment

Exclusion criteria

Patient has a history of clinical signs/symptoms of hepatic decompensation (Child-Pugh Grade B or C) or ascites, esophageal variceal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, or spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.

Patient has a history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or suspected symptoms of HCC, such as suspicious foci on imaging studies and/or serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)>50ng/mL.

Patient has received IFN or other immunomodulatory treatment within 52 weeks before Screening.

Patient has a medical condition that requires frequent use of systemic acyclovir or famciclovir.

Patient has a medical condition that requires frequent use of systemic corticosteroids, however topical and inhaled corticosteroids are allowed.

Patient has used hepatotoxic drugs within one month. Patient has overtaken alcohol (>40g/day) or abused illicit drugs in recent one year.

Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive urine pregnancy test.

Patients who co-infected with HAV, HBV, HDV, HEV,HIV(human immunodeficiency virus ) Patient has one or more additional known primary or secondary causes of liver disease, other than hepatitis C (e.g., alcoholism, autoimmune hepatitis).

History of malignancy of any organ system.

Trial design

25 participants in 2 patient groups

CHC patients
15 treatment-naive CHC patients treated by Ledipasvir-Sofosbuvir orDaclatasvir-Sofosbuvir.
Drug: Ledipasvir-Sofosbuvir
Drug: Daclatasvir-Sofosbuvir
Healthy controls
10 Healthy controls without any treatment

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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