Early Mobility Bundle to Prevent Hospital Acquired Pneumonia (HAP) in Medical Inpatients

U

University of Birmingham

Status

Completed

Conditions

Hospital Acquired Pneumonia

Treatments

Behavioral: Early mobility bundle

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01769742
RG-12-237

Details and patient eligibility

About

Hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) is a common complication of extended hospital stay. In surgical specialities and critical care early physiotherapy is a recognised way of preventing such infections, and reducing length of hospital stay (LOS), however prevention of this problem is less well studied in medical inpatients. The investigators propose a pilot study to assess the impact of introducing an early mobilisation strategy to general medical and respiratory wards at an acute Trust in the United Kingdom (UK). The investigators will recruit all new admissions to each of 2 respiratory and 2 elderly care wards - 1 of each ward type will be allocated to receive extra physiotherapy input targeting new admissions for early mobilisation. Patients' usual mobility, current mobility and actual activity levels will be studied by accelerometer and simple patient questionnaire in the first 48 hours of admission, and compared between groups. Incidence of HAP and total LOS will be recorded and compared between groups. The investigators hypotheses are that the physiotherapy intervention will increase activity levels, reduce incidence of HAP and reduce LOS. The latter may result in cost savings to the National Health Service (NHS), which the investigators will model using local tariff data. The investigators plan to use our data to power a larger randomised controlled study, or if the intervention is a marked success, such that a control group would be unethical, then a wider service development and evaluation programme.

Enrollment

1,178 patients

Sex

All

Ages

16+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Any medical inpatient

Exclusion criteria

  • Nil for main study
  • Immobile patients and those unable to consent will be excluded from the sub-study using activity reporting and monitoring by Actigraph

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

1,178 participants in 2 patient groups

Early mobility bundle
Experimental group
Description:
Delivery of early targeted physiotherapy to patients on the interventional wards; to comprise assessment and communication of mobility to ward staff and patient, provision of mobility aids, guidance and encouragement to patient and staff to allow patient to dress and mobilise independently if clinically safe to do so
Treatment:
Behavioral: Early mobility bundle
Usual care
No Intervention group
Description:
Usual physiotherapy service only

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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