Early Vascular Adjustments to Prevent Preeclampsia

Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC) logo

Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Preeclampsia
Small for Gestational Age at Delivery
HELLP Syndrome

Treatments

Drug: tailored pharmaceutical treatment

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04216706
14-4-118

Details and patient eligibility

About

Women destined to develop gestational hypertensive complications often exhibit deviant hemodynamic adaptation patterns before overt clinical disease. Gestational hypertension and late onset preeclampsia are associated with an exaggerated rise in cardiac output on top of a higher prepregnant value, whereas a shallow rise in cardiac output and the lack of a peripheral resistance drop predisposes to the much less common early onset-preeclampsia along with impaired fetal growth. Early treatment of altered cardiac output and peripheral resistance adjustments might prevent development of gestational hypertensive complications. The investigators aim to evaluate early cardiovascular adjustments during pregnancy in a high-risk population, and to pharmaceutically adjust deviant cardiovascular adaptations with beta-blockade, centrally acting sympatholytic agents or vasodilating agents when appropriate to prevent adverse effects on neonatal birth weight.

Full description

Healthy pregnancy is accompanied by major hemodynamic changes that benefit the uteroplacental circulation. A first-trimester drop in vascular resistance triggers several compensatory mechanisms, amongst an increase in blood volume and cardiac output, to maintain blood pressure. These adaptations continue and stand until delivery. Women destined to develop gestational hypertensive complications often exhibit deviant hemodynamic adaptation patterns before overt clinical disease. On the one hand, gestational hypertension and late onset preeclampsia are associated with an exaggerated rise in cardiac output on top of a higher prepregnant value, whereas a shallow rise in cardiac output and the lack of a peripheral resistance drop predisposes to the much less common early onset-preeclampsia along with impaired fetal growth. Antihypertensive therapy based on correction of the hemodynamic imbalance between cardiac output and peripheral resistance seems an effective strategy to improve blood pressure control in hypertensive pregnant women. Even more sophisticated, early treatment of altered cardiac output and peripheral resistance adjustments might prevent development of gestational hypertensive complications. One randomized controlled trial treated pregnant women with an augmented cardiac output with a selective beta-blocker, which resulted in a decreased prevalence of preeclampsia from 18% in the placebo group to 4% in the atenolol group (p = 0.04), at a cost of 440gram birth weight. In line of this reasoning, the investigators aimed to evaluate early cardiovascular adjustments during pregnancy in a high-risk population (i.e. women with preeclampsia in their first pregnancy). In this health care traject, women with deviant adaptation to pregnancy were advised tailored medication, i.e. beta-blockade in women with an pronounced high cardiac output profile effectuated by a high heart rate, and a vasodilating agent in women with a high-resistance hemodynamic profile. Women with a mixed hemodynamic profile were advised a centrally acting sympatholytic agent. The investigators aimed to retrospectively compare outcome of women attending this health care project with women who received care as usual in their second pregnancy.

Enrollment

314 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • first pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia
  • admitted to an extensive non-pregnant cardiovascular and metabolic risk factor assessment

Exclusion criteria

women without an ongoing pregnancy after 24 weeks' gestational age

Trial design

314 participants in 2 patient groups

Tailored treatment advise in suboptimal adaptation
Description:
High-risk women admitted to a non-pregnant cardiovascular and cardiometabolic risk factor assessment are invited to participate in a follow-up program at four time-points during a subsequent pregnancy (i.e. at 12, 16, 20 and 30 weeks of gestational age). This program is additive to regular pregnancy check-ups, and all women are otherwise managed by their referring physicians. The aim of this program is to evaluate adaptation of maternal hemodynamic parameters in response to pregnancy, and to adjust deviant adaptation with tailored antihypertensive medication. Participation in this program is on voluntary basis, and not restricted to severity of complications in the first pregnancy.
Treatment:
Drug: tailored pharmaceutical treatment
Care as usual during pregnancy
Description:
High-risk women admitted to a non-pregnant cardiovascular and cardiometabolic risk factor assessment who do not participate in the additional follow-up program.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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