EC PK in Women With Normal and Obese BMI

Columbia University logo

Columbia University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Contraception

Treatments

Drug: UPA-EC
Drug: LNG-EC

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02689804
AAAP1857

Details and patient eligibility

About

A well-designed pharmacokinetics (PK) study may identify the physiologic basis for observed differences in levonorgestrel emergency contraception (LNG-EC) and ulipristal acetate emergency contraception (UPA-EC) failure rates in women with normal and obese BMI. The investigators propose a study to compare serum LNG and UPA levels after administration of a single-dose of LNG-EC or UPA-EC. The investigators hypothesize that there will be no difference in PK parameters between women with normal BMI and obese women.

Full description

Eligible women will present to the division research office, at which time a history and physical exam will be completed. Each participant's BMI will be confirmed and she will be assigned to one of two BMI groups (18.5-24.9 versus 30-39.9). At the conclusion of the enrollment visit, the research coordinator will randomize each woman to receive a single-dose pill of either levonorgestrel 1.5mg (like Plan B One-Step® or its generic formulations) or ulipristal acetate 30mg (ellaOne®) on two separate occasions.

Enrollment

34 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 45 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Women aged 18-45 years
  • English-speaking
  • BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 or obese BMI 30.0-39.9 kg/m2
  • Regular menstrual cycles
  • No use of medroxyprogesterone acetate at least 6 months prior to study enrollment, unless resumption of two menstrual cycles
  • No use of levonorgestrel intrauterine system (levonorgestrel-IUS), etonogestrel implant or combined hormonal contraception at least one month prior to the study and resumption of one menstrual cycle
  • Women who are postpartum or post-abortion will be included if they have had at least one menstrual cycle since their last pregnancy

Exclusion criteria

  • Prior allergic reaction to LNG-EC or UPA-EC

  • Use of hormonal emergency contraception within the past month

  • Women who are currently pregnant or who are currently breastfeeding

  • History of cancer other than non-melanoma skin cancer

  • Medical or surgical conditions or conditions requiring therapies known to impact sex steroid production or metabolism

    • Use of HAART therapy for management of HIV infection
    • Concomitant use of CYP3A4 inducers like rifampin, barbiturates, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, bosentan, felbamate, griseofulvin, oxcarbazepine, phenytoin, St. John's Wort and topiramate
  • Current participation in any other trial of an investigational medicine or device in the three months leading up to this study

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

34 participants in 2 patient groups

Normal-BMI
Other group
Description:
Women with normal BMI will receive the first emergency contraception (EC) dose and complete pharmacokinetics (PK) assessments; then return to the clinic after at least 8 days to receive the second study drug and complete the same assessments. The study drugs Levonorgestrel (LNG-EC) and Ulipristal Acetate (UPA-EC) will be given in random order.
Treatment:
Drug: LNG-EC
Drug: UPA-EC
Obese-BMI
Other group
Description:
Women with obese BMI will receive the first emergency contraception (EC) dose and complete pharmacokinetics (PK) assessments; then return to the clinic after at least 8 days to receive the second study drug and complete the same assessments. The study drugs Levonorgestrel (LNG-EC) and Ulipristal Acetate (UPA-EC) will be given in random order.
Treatment:
Drug: LNG-EC
Drug: UPA-EC

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems