Effect of Adding Vildagliptin vs Glimepiride to Metformin on Inflammation's Markers in Type-2 Diabetic Patients With CAD

D

Damanhour University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

Treatments

Drug: Metformin 1000 mg Oral Tablet
Drug: Glimepiride upto 4 mg Oral Tablet
Drug: Vildagliptin 50 mg Oral Tablet

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03693560
vildaglipitin in CAD

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of adding Vildagliptin versus Glimepiride to Metformin on markers of inflammation, thrombosis, and atherosclerosis in diabetic patients with symptomatic Coronary artery diseases. The pre-specified established biological markers of inflammation, thrombosis, and atherosclerosis will include: Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta)), hs-CRP, Atherogenic index and coronary risk index, Lipid profile. and adiponectin levels..

Full description

The study is designed as a single-center, randomized, double-blinded, clinical trial to provide evidence on the effects of vildagliptin on key biomarkers of atherothrombosis and inflammation. The investigators plan to prospectively enroll 80 patients with proven coronary artery disease ,Diabetes type2 and randomize them in a 1:1 ratio to either vildagliptin-metformin therapy (n=40) or glimepiride /metformin therapy (n=40). All participants agreed to take part in this clinical study and provide informed consent. Patients with Coronary artery diseases.and uncontrolled Diabetes type2 who's taking metformin only will be enrolled (n=80) from endocrinology clinic at Alexandria Armed Forces hospital. Complete physical, laboratory, radiological assessment will be done for all patients to exclude any signs of inflammation or thrombosis. Serum samples will be collected for measuring the biomarkers. All enrolled patients will be mentioned as two groups; Group I (n=40) are patients who the endocrinologist prescribed them vildagliptin plus their metformin to control their blood sugar level. Group II (n=40) are patients who the endocrinologist prescribed them glimepiride plus their metformin. All patients will be followed up during 3 months' period. At the end of 3 months on the new regimen, steps 4 and 5 will be repeated. Statistical tests appropriate to the study design will be conducted to evaluate the significance of the results. Measuring outcome: The primary outcome is the change of serum levels of the measured inflammatory markers after 3 months. Results, conclusion, discussion and recommendations will be given.

Enrollment

80 patients

Sex

All

Ages

25+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Adult patients with Type II-diabetes mellitus on metformin who are planned to be managed with vildagliptin or glimepiride plus metformin at the time of inclusion.
  • Symptomatic Coronary Artery Diseases. (>30 days).

Exclusion criteria

  • Hepatic impairment.
  • Active malignancy.
  • Planned surgical intervention.
  • Any signs of hypersensitivity or contraindication to study drugs developed.
  • Any patient with any signs of active infection or thrombosis at the time of assessment.
  • Addition of any antidiabetic medications or insulin during follows up.
  • Chronic inflammatory disease (i.e. inflammatory bowel disease, lupus, inflammatory arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis) or chronic infection (i.e. chronic diabetic foot infection).
  • Clinically advanced congestive heart failure - New York Heart Association III-IV
  • Severe left ventricular dysfunction (LVEF<30%) with New York Heart Association II or any New York Heart Association class with documented recent heart failure decompensation (<3 months)
  • Severe stable cardiac angina Community Competence Scale III - IV or Unstable angina
  • Pregnancy, lactation or child-bearing potential.

Trial design

80 participants in 2 patient groups

vildagliptin / metformin
Experimental group
Description:
Group I (n=40) are patients who are taking vildagliptin 50 mg oral tablet plus their metformin1000 mg oral tablet to control their blood sugar level.
Treatment:
Drug: Vildagliptin 50 mg Oral Tablet
Drug: Metformin 1000 mg Oral Tablet
glimepiride / metformin.
Experimental group
Description:
Group II (n=40) are patients who are taking Glimepiride 4 mg oral tablet plus their metformin1000 mg oral tablet to control their blood sugar level.
Treatment:
Drug: Glimepiride upto 4 mg Oral Tablet
Drug: Metformin 1000 mg Oral Tablet

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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