Effect of an Optimized Savory Cluster on Glycemic and Insulinemic Responses in Healthy Individuals

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Peak Rise of Blood Glucose


Other: Test Cluster

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This study was to test the hypothesis that an optimized savory cluster (Test-cluster) made through a proprietary baking process combined with slow digestible carbohydrates and fiber will elicit lower postprandial blood glucose and insulin responses than a Control-cluster made from general processing procedure and with typical ingredients commonly used in commercially available snacks or bars: oats, peanuts, and corn syrup. However, since the Test-cluster contains \~30% less available-carbohydrate (24g) than the Control (33g), the postprandial responses elicited by the Test-cluster was also compared with those after a portion of White-bread matched for available-carbohydrate content. On 3 separate days, 25 healthy male or non-pregnant females aged 18-60 yr with BMI between 20 and 35 kg/m² with fasting serum glucose \<7.0mmol/L (126 mg/dL) were asked to consume 1 serving (56g) of the Test- or Control-cluster or 47g White Bread and had blood glucose and insulin measured at intervals over the next 4 hr. Each serving of Test-cluster and Control-cluster contained similar amounts of total carbohydrates, protein, fat and energy content. Each serving of Test-cluster and White-bread had equivalent amount of 24g available carbohydrate. On each test occasion, after subjects were weighed, 2 fasting blood samples were obtained by finger-prick 5min apart and after the 2nd sample, the subject started to consume a test meal. Subjects were asked to consume the entire test meal within 10 min. At the first bite a timer was started and blood samples for were taken for glucose analysis at 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 90, 120, 180 and 240 min after starting to eat. Additional blood was taken into a separate vial at -5, 0, 20, 40, 60, 90, 120, 180 and 240 min for insulin analysis. Blood samples were obtained from hands warmed with an electric heating pad for 3-5 min prior to each sample. During the 4hr of the test, participants remained seated quietly. After the last blood sample participants were offered a snack and then allowed to leave.


25 patients




18 to 60 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male or non-pregnant females, 18-60 years of age, inclusive
  • Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 20.0 and < 35 kg/m² at screening (visit 1).
  • Willing to maintain habitual diet, physical activity pattern, and body weight throughout the trial and to refrain from smoking for 12hr prior to each visit.
  • Willing to maintain current dietary supplement use throughout the trial. On test days, subject agrees not to take any dietary supplements until dismissal from the GI labs. Failure to comply will result in a rescheduled test visit.
  • Normal fasting serum glucose (<7.0mmol/L capillary corresponding to whole blood glucose <6.3mmol/L).
  • Willing to abstain from alcohol consumption and avoid vigorous physical activity for 24 h prior to all test visits.
  • Absence of health conditions that would prevent fulfillment of study requirements as judged by the Investigator on the basis of medical history.
  • Understanding the study procedures and willing to provide informed consent to participate in the study and authorization to release relevant protected health information to the study investigator.

Exclusion criteria

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science



Interventional model

Crossover Assignment


Double Blind

25 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Experimental group
56g of optimized savory cluster made through a proprietary process with slowly digestible carbohydrates and fiber
Other: Test Cluster
Placebo Comparator group
56g of control cluster made from general baking process with typical ingredients commonly used in commercially available energy snacks or bars
Other: Test Cluster
Placebo Comparator group
47g of white bread containing equivalent amount of available carbohydrate in 56g of optimized savory cluster
Other: Test Cluster

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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