"Effect of Central Insulin Administration on Whole-body Insulin Sensitivity in Women"

U

University Hospital Tuebingen

Status

Completed

Conditions

Insulin Sensitivity

Treatments

Drug: intranasal insulin
Drug: Placebo spray

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03929419
568/2018BO1

Details and patient eligibility

About

The human brain is an insulin sensitive organ. Brain insulin action modulates peripheral insulin sensitivity in young lean men. As a underlying mechanism, the investigators previously detected suppression of endogenous glucose production and stimulation of glucose disappearance to peripheral tissue in response to brain insulin delivery by nasal spray. Whether this holds true in young woman is unknown, since differences in brain insulin response between sexes have been reported. The investigators will address this question by combining the delivery of insulin to the brain as nasal spray with hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp experiments in natural cycling women. In the planned randomized, placebo controlled cross-over study, female participants will undergo four hyperinsulinemic euglycemic experiments with tracer dilution, two in the first phase and two in the second phase of their menstrual cycle. On one of the study days per menstrual phase, subjects will receive intranasal insulin administration, on the other placebo spray. The protocol has been successfully applied previously in men. Based on the results of this trial, the investigators calculated a required sample size of N=10 for the planned study in women. These experiments will help to better understand the role of brain insulin action in a broader sense. The results can be the basis for larger clinical trials that address the sex-specific impact of brain insulin resistance for glucose metabolism and diabetes risk.

Full description

"Effect of central insulin administration on whole-body insulin sensitivity in women" The human brain is an insulin sensitive organ. Brain insulin action modulates peripheral insulin sensitivity in young lean men. As a underlying mechanism, the investigators previously detected suppression of endogenous glucose production and stimulation of glucose disappearance to peripheral tissue in response to brain insulin delivery by nasal spray. Whether this holds true in young woman is unknown, since differences in brain insulin response between sexes have been reported. The investigators will address this question by combining the delivery of insulin to the brain as nasal spray with hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp experiments in natural cycling women. In the planned randomized, placebo controlled cross-over study, female participants will undergo four hyperinsulinemic euglycemic experiments with tracer dilution, two in the first phase and two in the second phase of their menstrual cycle. On one of the study days per menstrual phase, subjects will receive intranasal insulin administration, on the other placebo spray. The protocol has been successfully applied previously in men. Based on the results of this trial, the investigators calculated a required sample size of N=10 for the planned study in women. These experiments will help to better understand the role of brain insulin action in a broader sense. The results can be the basis for larger clinical trials that address the sex-specific impact of brain insulin resistance for glucose metabolism and diabetes risk.

Enrollment

29 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 30 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • female volunteer adults
  • HbA1c <6.0%
  • Age between 18 and 30 years
  • Standard routine laboratory
  • No underlying diseases
  • No medication
  • No hormonal contraception
  • Understanding of the explanations of the study and the instructions

Exclusion criteria

  • Persons with limited temperature perception and / or increased temperature Sensitivity to warming of the body
  • Cardiovascular disease, such as manifest coronary Heart disease, heart failure greater than NYHA 2, recent myocardial infarction
  • People with a hearing disorder or increased sensitivity to loud Sounds
  • persons with claustrophobia
  • Minors or non-consenting subjects are also excluded
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding women
  • Surgery less than 3 months ago
  • Simultaneous participation in other interventional studies
  • Acute illness or infection within the last 4 weeks
  • Neurological and psychiatric disorders
  • Subjects with hemoglobin Hb <12g / dl (at screening)
  • Allergic diseases
  • Individuals with a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

29 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Insulin nasal spray
Active Comparator group
Description:
160 Units of human insulin as nasal spray
Treatment:
Drug: intranasal insulin
Placebo nasal spray
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Nasal spray containing placebo solution
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo spray

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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