Effect of Concurrent Capecitabine-based Long-term Radiotherapy Followed by XELOX Plus TME in Patients With High Risk Rectal Cancer: a Multi-centers, Randomized Controlled, Open-Label Trial (EXPLORE)

P

Peking University

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 2

Conditions

Disease Free Survival
Pathological Complete Response
Rectal Cancer

Treatments

Drug: concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy followed by 4 cycles XELOX and a delayed TME
Drug: concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy followed by a Regular TME and 6 Cycles XELOX

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03038256
2016-12 EXPLORE

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy followed by 4 cycles XELOX pre- a delayed TME compared with 6 cycles XELOX post- a Regular Timing TME in patients with high-risk rectal cancer defined by MRI.

Full description

This is the randomized controlled, multi-centers, and open-labeled study. Delivering systemic chemotherapy between concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy and total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery would be more effectively improved local control rates and improved metastases-free survival rates. The investigators attempted to investigate the effect on pathological response of delivering 4 cycles XELOX between concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy and TME with lengthening the interval from radiation to surgery. In this study, the participants with high risk of deeper infiltration, or extramural vessel invasion, or circumferential resection margin involvement, or surrounding organs and structures invaded et al. were recruited. The participants will be randomized (1:1 ratio) to a control and intervention arm. The participants in the control arm will receive best current practice of concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy followed by TME and then a 6 cycles of XELOX as standard adjuvant chemotherapy. The participants in the intervention arm will receive concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy followed by 4 cycles XELOX as neoadjuvant chemotherapy pre- a delayed TME.

Enrollment

244 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age of 18-75 years;
  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma;
  • The rectal adenocarcinoma 0-12cm from the anal margin on Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or rigid sigmoidoscopy;
  • High risk of rectal cancer defined by high-resolution MRI: tumor invasion 5mm beyond the muscularis propria, or extramural vascular invasion, or circumferential resection margin unsafe, or the lower rectal cancer invades intersphincteric space, or rectal cancer invades the adjacent structures.
  • Eastern Collaborative Oncology Group performance status score of 0 or 2
  • Able and willing to give informed consent to participate.

Exclusion criteria

  • Received preoperative chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer before the recruitment of this study;
  • Have metastatic disease (including non-regional lymph nodes metastases or resectable liver metastases);
  • Other malignancies, non-adenocarcinoma rectal malignancies or rectal malignancies on the basis of inflammatory bowel disease;
  • Emergency surgery due to bowel obstruction, perforation, bleeding, etc.;
  • Abnormality of capecitabine absorption due to gastrointestinal disease e.g. short bowel syndrome, inflammation bowel disease, et al.;
  • Unresectable concurrent intestinal lesions;
  • Concurrent severe infection;
  • Cardiac Disease:uncontrolled or symptomatic cardiac angina,or uncontrolled arrhythmias and hypertension, or severe congestive heart failure grade II or more based on New York Heart Association (NYHA); myocardial infarction within the past 12 months
  • Peripheral neuropathy more than grade 1 according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE; version 3·0)
  • Bone marrow, liver and kidney function are abnormal e.g., white blood cell ≤ 1.5 × 109 / L; platelet ≤ 100 × 109 / L; Haemoglobin ≤ 80 g/L; Bilirubin > 1.5 times the upper limit; aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase > 2.5 times the upper limit; creatinine > 1.5 times the upper limit;
  • Pregnant or lactating women;
  • Life prediction less than 3 months, other severe diseases;
  • Contraindication to MRI; e.g. non-MRI compatible hip prosthesis, cardiac pacemaker;
  • Contraindication to standard chemotherapy including drug interactions and glomerular filtration rate <50 mL/min at baseline;
  • Participators who had been recruited by other clinical trial within three months.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

244 participants in 2 patient groups

4 Cycles XELOX pre- TME
Experimental group
Description:
experimental group (arm B): concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy, 4 cycles of XELOX as neoadjuvant chemotherapy and TME surgery
Treatment:
Drug: concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy followed by 4 cycles XELOX and a delayed TME
6 Cycles XELOX post- TME
Active Comparator group
Description:
control group (arm A): concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy, TME surgery and 6 cycles of XELOX as adjuvant chemotherapy.
Treatment:
Drug: concurrent capecitabine-based long-term radiotherapy followed by a Regular TME and 6 Cycles XELOX

Trial contacts and locations

0

Loading...

Central trial contact

Yi Wang, MD, PHD; Yingjiang Ye, MD, PHD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location

Resources

© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems