Effect of Cough Trick Method and Pinwheel Blowing in Blood Collection

F

Firat University

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Child Development
Pain
Nursing Care

Treatments

Other: Cough Trick Method
Other: Pinwheel Blowing method

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06230601
2024/ 01-50

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study aimed to examine the effect of the cough trick method and pinwheel blowing on the severity of pain during blood collection in school-age children.The study will be conducted with children aged 6-12 years who are subjected to blood tests by a pediatrician."Descriptive Questionnaire", "Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)", "FLACC Pain Rating Scale" and "Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale (WBFPRS)" will be used to collect data.The data will be uploaded to the computer and coded by the researchers, and the data will be evaluated in the SPSS package program.The sociodemographic data of the children participating in the study will be given as numbers and percentage distributions. Appropriate tests will be used by analyzing the data for normal distribution. The statistical significance level of the study was determined as p\< 0.05. In addition, at the end of the research, the status of working with sufficient sample size will be tested with post-hoc power analysis.

Full description

Purpose of the study: This study aimed to examine the effect of the cough trick method and pinwheel blowing on the severity of pain during blood collection in school-age children. Type of Study: It is a randomized controlled study. Location and Characteristics of the Study: It will be conducted in the pediatric blood collection unit of Fırat University Hospital, with children aged 6-12 who are subjected to blood tests by a pediatrician. Population-Sample: The population of the study will consist of children who applied for blood collection in the pediatric blood collection unit of Fırat University Hospital. A pilot study will be conducted to determine the number of samples. For the pilot study, 20 participants will be taken from each group and a total of 60 samples will be taken. As a result of the pilot study, power analysis will be performed and the number of samples will be determined. Randomization will be done to assign the participants to the groups. Grouping will be done using simple random sampling. Randomization will be provided using the Random Sequence Generator on the www.random.org website. Each participant who volunteers to participate in the study and meets the criteria will be given a number. Accordingly, which number will take place in which group will be determined in advance. Data collection tools: Questionnaire", "Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)", "FLACC Pain Rating Scale" and "Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale (WBFPRS)" will be used to collect data. Data Collection: The research will be carried out in three stages. Stage 1: Groups of parent-child pairs who come to the blood collection unit, voluntarily participate in the research, and meet the inclusion criteria will be determined in line with the randomization method within the scope of the research. Study data will be collected in 3 groups. Two groups will be the intervention group and the third group will be the control group. Group 1: cough trick group 2nd group is the pinwheel blower group. Group 3 will constitute the control group. Stage 2: Information about the children assigned to the groups will be obtained using the "Introductory Question Form". Stage 3: Blood collection will be performed by the same nurse (a volunteer nurse with 5 years of experience in pediatric blood collection) to eliminate differences that may occur due to nurse differences. Blood samples from children will be taken with a 21 gauge x 1.5 inch vacuum blood collection needle. It will be ensured that the parent accompanies the child throughout all procedures. Pain intensity will be measured through observation and physiological responses of the child, parent, and nurse. The child's pain intensity will be rated by the parent, the nurse (a pediatric nurse with 5 years of experience, independent of the blood draw) and the child himself before and after the blood draw. To determine pain severity, parents will use VAS, the nurse will use FLACC, and the child will use FACES scale. Heart rate is the physiological measure used to report pain intensity, and the heart rate of the children in the study will be recorded before and after the procedure using a pulse oximeter device at 2-minute intervals. The demographic questionnaire will be filled out by the children's parents 10 minutes before the procedure. The statistical significance level of the study was determined as p< 0.05. In addition, at the end of the research, the status of working with sufficient sample size will be tested with post-hoc power analysis.

Enrollment

60 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

6 to 12 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • School age children ages 6-12.
  • Peripheral intravenous catheter (PIC) application was performed by the same nurse (with at least 5 years of experience).
  • Able to express himself/herself verbally
  • No visual or auditory problems

Exclusion criteria

  • Children who received tropical anesthetic before the procedure
  • Children whose first attempt to draw blood was unsuccessful
  • Children who have taken analgesic medication within 24 hours before blood sampling
  • Children with a body temperature of 37.5 ºC and above, mental or neurological disorders, a medical history of fainting or chronic diseases requiring frequent blood sampling, and those who have previously undergone surgery will be excluded from the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

60 participants in 3 patient groups

experimental group
Experimental group
Description:
cough trick method will be used in the blood collection process from the children in the experimental group.
Treatment:
Other: Cough Trick Method
Active comprator
Active Comparator group
Description:
Pinwheel Blowing method will be used in the blood collection process from the children in the experimental group.
Treatment:
Other: Pinwheel Blowing method
control group
No Intervention group
Description:
Routine application of the unit will be made

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Özlem Selime MERTER

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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