Effect of Exercises on Pain, Functional Disability and Lumbar Stability in Patients With Low Back Pain

M

Mahidol University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Exercise

Treatments

Other: exercise without ball
Other: exercise with ball

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03527524
MahidolU_Wunpen1

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purposes of this study are to compare the effects of core stabilization exercises on pain intensity, functional disability and lumbar stability between using and not using the Swiss ball in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain.

Full description

For Patient Registries: The participant was screened for inclusion criteria and was asked to sign the informed consent prior to participate. A randomized control trial was performed with participants randomly divided into one of the two treatment groups: core stabilization exercise with ball and core stabilization exercise without ball by using sealed envelopes.

Enrollment

28 patients

Sex

All

Ages

20 to 68 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Male and female with low back pain (LBP) > 3 months
  2. Body mass index (BMI) = 18-25 kg/m2
  3. Non-specific LBP (pain at the lower lumbar between costal margin but not below gluteal fold)
  4. Willing and able to perform exercise programs
  5. No cognitive impairment
  6. Age at least 19 years

Exclusion criteria

  1. Having experiences in the core stabilization exercise and Swiss ball exercises
  2. Past history of back and abdomen surgery
  3. Recent fractures of spine, hip or lower limb
  4. Current use of steroids or any other drugs for resolving back pain
  5. Red flags (fractures, cancer, infection, cauda equine syndrome)
  6. Pregnancy
  7. Neuromuscular or respiratory disorders
  8. Rheumatologic disorders
  9. Hip and knee stiffness
  10. Pain intensity > 60 of 100 mm assessed by the VAS

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

28 participants in 2 patient groups

exercise with ball
Experimental group
Description:
The participant in core stabilization exercise with ball group performed 12 training sessions of the core stabilization exercises, 3 days/week for 4 weeks. Each exercise took 15 times/set and each participant did it repeatedly for 3 sets and rested 1 minute between sets. The total time of core stabilization exercise was 20 minutes and assessment time was 10 minutes.
Treatment:
Other: exercise with ball
exercise without ball
Other group
Description:
The participant in core stabilization exercise without ball group performed 12 training sessions of the core stabilization exercises, 3 days/week for 4 weeks. Each exercise took 15 times/set and each participant did it repeatedly for 3 sets and rested 1 minute between sets. The total time of core stabilization exercise was 20 minutes and assessment time was 10 minutes.
Treatment:
Other: exercise without ball

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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