Effect of Giving Reduced Fluid in Children After Trauma

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Columbia University

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Fluid Therapy
General Surgery
Pediatrics
Critical Illness
Wounds and Injuries

Treatments

Other: Packed Erythrocytes Units, Blood Product Unit volume
Other: Plasma volume
Other: Balanced crystalloid solution volume administration
Other: Platelets volume

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04201704
AAAR2083

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study is designed to help decide how much intravenous (IV) fluid should be given to pediatric trauma patients. No standard currently exists for managing fluids in critically ill pediatric trauma patients, and many fluid strategies are now in practice. For decades, trauma patients got high volumes of IV fluid. Recent studies in adults show that patients actually do better by giving less fluid. The investigators do not know if this is true in children and this study is designed to answer that question and provide guidelines for IV fluid management in children after trauma.

Full description

Aggressive fluid resuscitation has been the cornerstone of early post-operative and trauma management for decades. However, recent prospective adult studies have challenged this practice, linking high volume crystalloid resuscitation to increased mortality, cardiopulmonary, gastrointestinal and hematologic complications. A retrospective study the investigators recently performed at their quaternary-care children's hospital echoed these results. High quality prospective data is necessary to determine best practice guidelines in our pediatric surgery and trauma patients. Currently, no standard exists to guide management of crystalloid fluid administration in trauma patients. Both liberal and restricted strategies are in use, dependent on physician discretion. The investigators propose the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing a liberal to a restricted fluid management strategy in critically ill pediatric trauma patients. The objective of this comparative effectiveness study is to conduct a multicenter (around 10 sites) randomized controlled trial (RCT) to determine whether liberal or restricted fluid administration leads to better outcomes in these patients.

Enrollment

250 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

6 months to 15 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Trauma patients older than 6 months and younger than 15 years admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)
  • Patients admitted to the PICU directly from the Emergency Department (ED)
  • Patients admitted to the PICU from the operating room (OR)
  • Patients transferred to PICU from outside facility ED (need to have been in ED 12 hours or less)

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients transferred to PICU from outside PICU or inpatient floor
  • Patients transferred to PICU from outside facility ED if >12 hours
  • Patients expected to be discharged from the PICU within 24 hours
  • Patient with congenital heart disease as defined by a congenital cardiac defect requiring surgery or medication
  • Patient with diagnosis of chronic cardiac condition (e.g. hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia)
  • Patients with chronic kidney disease as defined by an abnormality of kidney structure or function, present for more than 3 months, with implications to health
  • Post-operative transplant, cardiac, and neurosurgical patients
  • Patients with traumatic brain injury
  • Patients with any disease that may affect baseline blood pressure and heart rate (endocrine disorders, certain genetic disorders, mitochondrial diseases)
  • Hypotension requiring vasopressor therapy
  • If massive transfusion protocol initiated

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

250 participants in 2 patient groups

Liberal IV Fluid
Active Comparator group
Description:
Maintenance fluid rate calculated by 4-2-1 formula for patients <110kg: 4 mL/kg for first 0-10kg + 2 mL/kg for 11-20kg + 1 mL/kg for each kg >20kg Patients >110kg maintenance 150 mL/hr Bolus Criteria: change in 1 of: >20% decrease in systolic blood pressure 50th percentile for age and sex, >20% increase in heart rate over 50th percentile for age, base excess > -5mmol/L, blood lactate >2mmol/L, AND urine output (UO) <1 mL/kg/hr if <50kg or <50 mL/hr if >50kg If criteria met: bolus 20 mL/kg if <50kg or 1 L if ≥50 kg For transfusion: give 10 mL/kg packed red blood cells, platelets, or fresh frozen plasma up to 250 mL. If >25kg give 250 mL. Diuresis- after minimum 24hrs: if UO <2 mL/kg/hr (or <100 mL/hr if >50 kg) continue maintenance rate and bolus per initial phase. If UO >2 mL/kg/hr (or >100 mL/hr if >50kg), and lactate, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, creatinine are normal then lower IV fluid rate to ½ maintenance rate and then to "keep vein open" once on regular feeds
Treatment:
Other: Platelets volume
Other: Balanced crystalloid solution volume administration
Other: Plasma volume
Other: Packed Erythrocytes Units, Blood Product Unit volume
Restricted IV Fluid
Experimental group
Description:
Maintenance fluid rate calculated by 70% of 4-2-1 formula if <110 kg: 4 mL/kg for first 0-10 kg, + 2 mL/kg for 11-20 kg, + 1 mL/kg for every kg >20 kg Patients >110 kg: maintenance is 105 mL/hr If same bolus criteria met: 10 mL/kg for patients <50kg, or 500 mL if ≥50 kg If meet transfusion criteria: transfuse 10 mL/kg with packed red blood cells, platelets, or fresh frozen plasma by weight up to 250 mL. Patients >25 kg get 250 mL per transfusion Diuresis (after minimum 24 hrs): if UO <1 mL/kg/hr (or <50 mL/hr if >50 kg) then continue IV fluids at maintenance rate and bolus as needed. If UO 1-2 mL/kg/hr (or 50-100 mL/hr if >50 kg) then decrease IV rate to ½ maintenance rate. If UO >2 mL/kg/hr (or >100 mL/hr if >50 kg), and Lactate, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, creatinine normal then reduce to "keep vein open" and consider Furosemide for goal UO >2-4 mL/kg/hr (100-200 mL/hr if >50 kg) until euvolemic
Treatment:
Other: Platelets volume
Other: Balanced crystalloid solution volume administration
Other: Plasma volume
Other: Packed Erythrocytes Units, Blood Product Unit volume

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Vincent P Duron, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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