Effect of Grape Seed Extract on Blood Pressure

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Unilever

Status

Completed

Conditions

Elevated Blood Pressure

Treatments

Dietary Supplement: Microcrystalline cellulose (placebo)
Dietary Supplement: Grape seed extract

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT00869193
08050V

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine whether an 8-week intervention with grape seed extract is effective in reducing daytime ambulatory blood pressure in male and postmenopausal female with elevated daytime blood pressure values.

Full description

Background: High blood pressure is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality from stroke, heart disease, and end-stage renal disease. Several studies have shown that dietary polyphenols derived from fruits and vegetables (including those from grape products) can lower blood pressure in both normotensive and hypertensive subjects. Study objectives: Primary objective: To study, in subjects with elevated blood pressure levels, the effects of grape seed extract high in polyphenols, on daytime ambulatory systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively). Secondary objective: To explore mechanistic pathways responsible for the blood pressure lowering efficacy in case a blood pressure lowering effect is shown. Study population: Each treatment group will consist of 35 men and postmenopausal women (35-75 years of age) with daytime SBP between 120 and 159 mmHg. The total number of subjects will be 70. Study design: This study will have a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel design with 2 treatments, a 1-week run-in period, and an 8-week intervention period. The 2 treatments will consist of placebo capsules and capsules with grape seed extract. Study outcomes: Daytime ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) will be measured every 20 minutes for 2 x 12 hours at baseline and 2 x 12 hours at the end of intervention. Furthermore, before and after the intervention period, 24-hour urine will be collected and 2 blood samples will be taken in order to investigate mechanistic pathways and platelet function.

Enrollment

70 patients

Sex

All

Ages

35 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male and postmenopausal female subjects in the age ≥ 35 and ≤ 75 at start of the study
  • BMI ≥ 18.5 and ≤ 30.0 kg/m2
  • Apparently healthy: no reported diseases that may affect study results and pre-selected blood parameters within normal range
  • Informed consent signed
  • Willing to refrain from supplements, food products, diets and drugs that may interfere with the outcomes of the study

Exclusion criteria

  • Mean of 6-hour ambulatory SBP < 120 mmHg, > 159 mmHg and/or DBP > 99 mmHg
  • 10-year risk mortality risk on CVD > 10% according to NHG standard M84. For subjects > 65 years of age and SBP ≥ 140 mmHg the study physician will assess eligibility
  • Irregular pulse or pulse < 50 or > 100 bpm
  • Intense exercise >10 h/w
  • Reported weight loss/gain > 10% of body weight in the 6 month preceding pre-study examination
  • The habit of smoking during the past year

Trial design

70 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Grape seed
Active Comparator group
Description:
Grape seed extract
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Grape seed extract
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Microcrystalline cellulose
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Microcrystalline cellulose (placebo)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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