Effect of Head Rotation on Efficiency of Face Mask Ventilation in Anesthetized Apneic Adults

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Mass General Brigham

Status

Completed

Conditions

Anesthesia

Treatments

Procedure: Head rotation during mask ventilation

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02755077
2013P002571

Details and patient eligibility

About

Upper airway obstruction commonly occurs after induction of general anesthesia. The aim of this study is to determine if head rotation improves the efficiency of mask ventilation of anesthetized apneic adults.

Full description

When apnea is achieved after induction, face mask ventilation is started in either a neutral head position or a head position axially rotated 45 degrees to the right. Mask ventilation will be carried out for 1 minute (Step 1) with pressure control ventilation of an anesthesia machine at peak inspiratory pressure 15 cmH2O, 10 breaths per minute, inspiration time to expiration time ratio 1:2 and no positive end-expiratory pressure. Then, mask ventilation will continue but head position will be crossed over (Step 2) and Step 1 will be repeated (Step 3). Expiratory tidal volume (VTE) will be measured by using respiratory inductive plethysmograph.

Enrollment

40 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Patients with body mass index in the range of 18.5 to 35.0 kg/m2, who meet American society of anesthesiologists physical status classification I to III and require general anesthesia with tracheal intubation.

Exclusion criteria

Patients with limited head rotation/extension, gastro-esophageal reflux or a full stomach, known sleep apnea in continuous positive airway pressure therapy and any anticipated difficult airway likely requiring awake intubation.

Trial design

40 participants in 2 patient groups

Mask ventilation in rotated head position
Experimental group
Description:
Patient's head will be axially rotated 45 degrees to the right
Treatment:
Procedure: Head rotation during mask ventilation
Mask ventilation in neutral head position
No Intervention group

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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