Effect of Imatinib on Suppression of Malaria Parasites in Patients With Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria (MIM)

H

HuLow

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

Treatments

Drug: Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine
Drug: Imatinib combination therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT02614404
HuLow-201605

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of imatinib in combination with dihydroartemisinin plus piperaquine in the treatment uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in adult male patients.

Full description

An exploratory study to examine the efficacy and safety of imatinib mesylate in combination with dihydroartemisinin plus piperaquine on suppression of parasitemia in patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In vitro studies of P. falciparum parasitized erythrocytes demonstrate that inhibitors of the protein tyrosine kinase SYK prevent malaria parasite egress from infected red blood cells and thereby terminate the parasite's life cycle. Although no potent syk kinase inhibitors were approved for human use at the time of initiation of this study, a bcr-abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor (imatinib mesylate (Gleevec®)) that also exhibits off-target inhibition of syk tyrosine kinase, has been FDA-approved for treatment of a number of human malignancies including chronic myelogenous leukemia and GIST. Because imatinib can be taken daily for many years without significant toxicity, it can be used to obtain a preliminary indication of whether inhibition of erythrocyte syk kinase can suppress parasitemia in patients with P. falciparum malaria. In a phase 1 clinical trial on the same patient population, anti-malaria activity was observed with imatinib, with little or no accompanying toxicity. Because dihydroartemisinin plus piperaquine constitute the currently used standard-of-care therapy for malaria in Southeast Asia, the above trial will test the safety and efficacy of the combination of imatinib plus dihydroartemisinin and piperaquine in treatment of uncomplicated malaria. In this pilot study, the rate of decrease in peripheral blood parasitemia in 30 adult male patients with uncomplicated malaria will be compared to the same rate of decrease in parasitemia in 30 adult male patients treated solely with dihydroartemisinin plus piperaquine.

Enrollment

15 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 50 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Gender: only adults are selected for the trial; note that female subjects cannot be women of child-bearing age.
  • Age: 18-50 years.
  • Target disease: Uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria

Exclusion criteria

  • symptoms and signs of complicated malaria
  • including continuous high fever of over 390C, psychiatric disorders, confusion, other neurological symptoms, symptoms and signs of functional impairment of the organs such as lungs, kidneys or cardiovascular system;
  • symptoms and signs of liver damage or kidney damage
  • symptoms and signs of another complicating infection such as pneumonia, dengue fever, and other bacterial infection.
  • P. falciparum > 25.000 / mm3

WBC <4000 and >10.000 /mm3

  • RBC < 3.5x106/mm3
  • Platelets < 40.000 /mm3
  • Hemoglobin < 10 g/dL
  • ALT more than 200% of the upper limit (56 units/L)
  • AST more than 200% of the upper limit (40 units/L)
  • Blood creatine more than 75% of the upper limit (men: 1.2 mg/dL, women 1 mgdL)
  • Serum total protein < 6 g/L
  • Glycemia < 50 mg/dL> 200 mg/dL
  • Standard urine test Serious alterations
  • Concomitant treatments

Antimalarial Drugs Anticoagulant therapy

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

15 participants in 2 patient groups

Imatinib combination therapy
Experimental group
Description:
Administration of imatinib (400 mg/day) plus dihydroartemisinin (40 mg/day) plus piperaquine (320 mg/day) to uncomplicated adult male malaria patients. Normal health parameters will be monitored continuously to evaluate safety and the decrease in peripheral blood parasitemia with time will be quantitated to assess efficacy.
Treatment:
Drug: Imatinib combination therapy
dihydroartemisinin plus piperaquine
Active Comparator group
Description:
Administration of dihydroartemisinin (40 mg/day) plus piperaquine (320 mg/day) to uncomplicated adult male malaria patients. Normal health parameters will be monitored continuously to evaluate safety and the decrease in peripheral blood parasitemia with time will be quantitated to assess efficacy.
Treatment:
Drug: Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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