Effect of Kefir on Appetite

T

TC Erciyes University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Appetitive Behavior

Treatments

Other: LGI-Milk Breakfast
Other: HGI-Kefir Breakfast
Other: LGI-Kefir Breakfast

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03636217
not defined

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study aimed to determine the effect of kefir on appetite in healthy subjects. A randomized, single-blind, and 3-intervention crossover trial included 22 healthy and normal-weight (BMI 18.5-25 kg/m2) females aged 21-24 years. Participants were recruited to three test meals: an LGI-Milk, an LGI-Kefir, and an HGI-Kefir, with a one-week washout period. Appetite ratings were measured at 0, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 minutes. At the end of three hours, participants were served an ad libitum lunch meal. Then, the foods eaten at lunch were recorded and their energy and nutrient analysis was calculated.

Enrollment

24 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

21 to 24 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Healthy
  • Normal-weight (BMI 18.5-25 kg/m2)
  • Female
  • 21-24 years

Exclusion criteria

  • During the last three months, change more than 5 kg in body weight or following an energy-restricted diet
  • Being a vegan
  • Having any chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, etc.
  • Physician-diagnosed medications or conditions that influence metabolism
  • Smoking
  • Practicing endurance sports
  • Having difficulties with swallowing/eating
  • Lack of appetite
  • Hypersensitivity for the foods understudy
  • Pregnant or lactating

Trial design

Primary purpose

Screening

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

24 participants in 3 patient groups

LGI-Milk Breakfast
Experimental group
Description:
Low glycemic index and milk content (LGI-Milk) breakfast as a test meal
Treatment:
Other: LGI-Milk Breakfast
LGI-Kefir Breakfast
Experimental group
Description:
Low glycemic index and kefir content (LGI-Kefir) breakfast as a test meal
Treatment:
Other: LGI-Kefir Breakfast
HGI-Kefir Breakfast
Experimental group
Description:
High glycemic index and kefir content (HGI-Kefir) breakfast as a test meal
Treatment:
Other: HGI-Kefir Breakfast

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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