Effect of Losartan on Retinal Endothelial Function in Patients With Essential Hypertension

U

University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School

Status and phase

Withdrawn
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Hypertension

Treatments

Drug: Losartan
Drug: Metoprolol

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT00152633
Retina-Losartan

Details and patient eligibility

About

Essential hypertension is commonly associated with impaired endothelial function. The retinal vasculature is morphologically and functionally related to the cerebral vessels because of the common origin from the internal carotid artery. A recent study in hypertensive patients demonstrated that endothelial function of the retinal vasculature is impaired in hypertensive patients and that it can be restored by treatment with an AT1-receptor antagonist. It is not clear whether this effect is due to blood pressure lowering or whether this is a blood pressure independent effect. The present randomized, double blind study with a cross over design addresses this issue by comparing the effects of losartan and metoprolol on retinal endothelial function in patients with essential hypertension.

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Male and female patients aged 18-65 years with essential hypertension

Exclusion criteria

  • Secondary forms of hypertension
  • Advanced damage of vital organs (grade III and IV retinopathy)
  • History of serious hypersensitivity reaction to AT1-receptor blockers
  • Actual or anamnestic alcohol- or drug abuse.
  • Smokers or ex-smokers < 1 year.
  • Patients with Diabetes mellitus (oral medication or insulin).
  • Patients with arterial fibrillation or AV-Block (II° or more).
  • Patients with anamnestic myocardial infarction.
  • Patients with instable angina pectoris including EcG-aberrations or cardiac insufficiency NYHA III or IV.
  • History of malignancy (unless a documented disease-free period exceeding 10 years is present) with teh exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • History of allograft transplantation
  • Therapy with not approved concomitant medication, or participation in a clinical study within 4 weeks preceding treatment start.
  • Disease which interfere with the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the study drug.
  • Liver-or kidney disease with SGOT, GPT, g-GT, AP, bilirubin and creatinin or above 200% of standard.
  • Patients, who are not sufficiently compliant, or patients, who are not capable or willing to appear for controlling vistas.
  • Presumed risk of transmission of HIV or hepatitis via blood from the participant

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

0 participants in 2 patient groups

Losartan
Active Comparator group
Description:
Treatment with Losartan.
Treatment:
Drug: Losartan
Betablocker
Active Comparator group
Description:
Treatment with Metoprolol.
Treatment:
Drug: Metoprolol

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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