Effect of Nutrition Education on Knowledge and Healthy Dietary Practice Among Pregnant Women


Orotta College of Medicine and Health Sciences




Pregnancy Nutritional Disease


Behavioral: Nutrition Education counseling

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Healthy pregnancy and birth outcomes is greatly influenced by the intake of adequate and balanced nutrition. Pregnant women's nutritional knowledge and practice have been identified as an important prerequisites for their proper nutritional intake. The antenatal period with the opportunities for regular contact with health professionals appears to be the ideal time and setting to institute the intervention which could maximize pregnant women's outcome and that of their baby by motivating them to make nutritional changes. The overall objective of the research was to assess the effect of nutrition education on the appropriate nutritional knowledge and practice of pregnant women.

Full description

Adequate and balanced nutrition during gestation has been recognized as a prerequisite for a healthy pregnancy and birth outcomes and this is significantly determined by their nutritional knowledge and practice. This facility based single group pre-post quasi experimental study design was conducted with the objective of assessing the effect of nutrition education on the appropriate nutritional knowledge and practice of pregnant women. The study was conducted in five health facilities providing ANC (Antenatal Care) service in Asmara on 226 pregnant women. A predesigned and pretested questionnaire was used to collect data regarding nutritional knowledge via interview by trained data collectors during the pretest, immediate posttest and six weeks later. This study showed that the current intervention generally was effective in accomplishing improved knowledge and practice level of pregnant women. The simple nutrition education messages given to pregnant women using holistic approach of targeting all the major determinants in a sustained manner played a huge role in increasing their knowledge regarding nutrition during pregnancy. Knowledge regarding duration of iron supplementation was very low in this study. At the same time minor knowledge gap was seen in the sources of main food groups among pregnant women. The provided nutrition education also helped the pregnant women to improve dietary intake during pregnancy, although their adherence to iron supplements was decreased. Skipping meals and avoiding certain food items was also evident in this study. A reassuring concept is that food taboos and cultural factors were never the reasons that prevented women from consuming the food items. The educational intervention has shown more positive impact on increasing the scores regarding knowledge of appropriate nutrition during pregnancy for primigravida mothers than for multigravida mothers while the improvement in the dietary practice had no interaction with their socio-demographic characteristics. To sum up, attenuation of maternal and infant malnutrition may not be remote if pregnant women are well educated and counseled about nutrition during pregnancy. The study was conducted under limitations of not being able to control the possible effect of other sources like Television, books, magazines and radio broadcasting on the change in the knowledge and practice of pregnant women towards nutrition could not be controlled. Face to face interview may lead to social desirability bias which may in turn bring higher proportion of correct practice among pregnant women on the follow-up questioning (as the practice is self-reported).


226 patients




15 to 49 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Pregnant women who were on their first and second trimester of pregnancy and willing to participate in the study were included

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnant women who were sick at the time of the study and those who cannot communicate verbally.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

226 participants in 1 patient group

Nutrition Education Group
Experimental group
The experimental group is the group who received the intervention which is the nutrition education and counseling. Phase I of the data collection from the experimental group which is the pregnant women (baseline assessment) using a questionnaire immediately before receiving nutrition counseling from their ANC providers first took place. Health professionals then started providing nutrition education to pregnant women preselected and assessed before the intervention. Immediate post education evaluation of the pregnant women was done by the same questionnaire used to assess in the pretest. Phase II or post intervention data collection of pregnant women was done after the client was appointed for 6 weeks after the counseling session.
Behavioral: Nutrition Education counseling

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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