Effect of Outpatient Classic Ketogenic Diet in Epileptic Children and Adolescent.


Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Status and phase

Phase 2


Refractory Epilepsy


Other: ketogenic diet

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This study will consider the effectiveness of the ketogenic diet (high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and moderate protein) in treating epilepsy. Investigators enroll a group of eligible epileptic children and adolescent who have been referred from epilepsy center to our clinic and prescribe them ketogenic diet.

Full description

This research will be done to observe efficacy, safety, and tolerability of the classic ketogenic diet (CKD) on an outpatient basis without fasting, caloric and fluid restriction in children with and adolescents with intractable epilepsy. 30 children and adolescents with intractable epilepsy based on inclusion and exclusion criteria have been enrolled in the study, Investigators prescribe them classic ketogenic diet. Efficacy of the diet will be assessed through seizure rates, number of anti-epileptic drug used by the patients, and EEG changes. Seizure frequency will be assessed by seizure record diary that is filled out by family of the patients and will be compared with data that will be taken at 1, 3 months after start of the diet. EEG will be taken at baseline and 3 months after start of the diet. Patients will be reviewed at 1, 3 months after start of the diet at outpatient clinic. Intolerances and Complications will be documented at each clinic visits and via telephone calling during clinic visits intervals to evaluate tolerability and safety of the KD. For close monitoring of the complications along with blood tests and urinalysis Investigators will do echocardiography and renal ultrasound at baseline and 3 months after start of the diet. Laboratory values will be assessed at baseline and 3 months after start of the diet. Also, nutritional status and growth of children will be assessed at baseline and 1, 3 months after start of diet.


30 estimated patients




1 to 18 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Ages 1-18 years,
  • The patient has tried at least 3 different AED:s including one combination with two or more different AED:s.
  • The parents are willing to include their child in the study after written and verbal information.
  • Patients with all types of epilepsy can be included.
  • The patient is submitted to our epilepsy center.

Exclusion criteria

  • The patient has a medical condition, for example a metabolic disease, where ketogenic diet is contraindicated.
  • The patient's nutritional status is not good enough or intake of fluid is to small to permit treatment with ketogenic diet.
  • No history of hyperlipidemia
  • No history of renal stones
  • No previous treatment with ketogenic diet
  • Beta-oxidation defects - medium-chain acyl dehydrogenase deficiency (MCAD), long-chain acyl dehydrogenase deficiency (LCAD), short-chain acyld dehydrogenase deficiency (SCAD), long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A (CoA) deficiency, and medium-chain 3- hydroxyacyl-CoA deficiency.
  • The family is expected to have compliance problems with treatment and/or seizure registration

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

30 participants in 1 patient group

ketogenic diet
Other group
Ketogenic diet
Other: ketogenic diet

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Mona Kavoosi, MSc student; Maryam Mahmoudi, MD, PHD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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