Effect of Personalized Nutrition Counseling in Pregnant Women After Bariatric Surgery on Nutritional Status and Habits

R

Rambam Health Care Campus

Status

Completed

Conditions

Pregnancy

Treatments

Behavioral: nutrition counseling

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02697981
0309-15 - RBM

Details and patient eligibility

About

Background: Nutrition challenges follow bariatric surgery can intensify during pregnancy and may have a crucial effect on fetus. To the best of the investigators knowledge, the effect of nutritional counseling on improvement of maternal diet quality and eating habits among post- bariatric pregnant women has not been evaluated. Objective: study aims to expand the existing limited knowledge in respect to post bariatric pregnant women's eating habits and quality of food intake, and to investigate the impact of nutrition counseling on these factors. Design: This is a controlled clinical trial comparing post Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) pregnant women who received nutritional counseling with age-matched control healthy pregnant women. Counseling will focus on improving quality of food consumption, eating habits and behavioral changes in order to improve the mother and the fetus' nutritional status Nutritional data and eating behavior will be obtained using 24 hours recall dietary records and the Family Eating and Activity Habit Questionnaire (FEAHQ).

Full description

Introduction Pregnancy is a critical period that can determine health for years to come. Appropriate nutrition during pregnancy is key to improved survival and health status of offspring, and can prevent numerous disease states from infancy to adult life. In recent year, as obesity has become a rising problem, bariatric surgery is the only way for many women to increase the chances of fertility. A possible adverse effect of this approach is high frequency of nutritional deficiencies reported among this population, which may be critical in cases of pregnancy. The risk for sub-optimal nutritional status and consequently a potential risk of developing micro and macronutrients deficiencies in post bariatric pregnancies, are higher compared to non-surgical pregnant women, given the nutrition challenges brought about by the surgery such as food aversions, nausea, and vomiting beyond the increased nutritional requirements exist in healthy pregnancy. Furthermore, even without the existence of nutritional deficiencies, maternal diet quality has a critical effect on fetus. "Western" diet, high in fats and sugars, increased sympathetic nervous system activity and hyperactivity in rodent offspring that persisted into adulthood. However Investigation of diet quality during pregnancy among women with bariatric surgery has shown that 82% of women's diet quality needs improvement. Moreover, dietary modifications are mainly directed towards increased pollution safety rather than improving diet quality in order to improve the mother and the fetus' nutritional status. To the best of the investigators knowledge, the effect of dietary counseling in post bariatric pregnant women has not been evaluated despite the findings about its importance and efficacy in studies on non-pregnant bariatric patient. The aims of this study is to expand the existing limited knowledge in respect to post bariatric pregnant women's' eating habits and quality of food intake, and to investigate the impact of nutrition counseling on these factors, which to best of the investigators knowledge had never been published. Intervention Patients from the intervention group will receive nutritional counseling from a specialist bariatric dietitian trained in pregnancy nutrition as well. The main goals are a healthy balanced diet including adequate daily servings from all food groups (dairy and egg, meat, vegetables, fruit, whole grain starches, and healthy fats), intake of essential nutrient during pregnancy such as iron and folic acid and limitation of high-sugar and fatty foods. In addition, the patients were advised concerning eating at scheduled times (e.g., 4-6 times daily), taking supplements, preference of water. Advice concerning healthy cooking methods will also be provided. Participants will be advised to avoid soft drinks, drinking during meals, grazing and emotional eating, as well as fast foods. Also the subject of lifestyle in general will be addressed, and participants will be encouraged to incorporate suitable physical activity on most days, refraining from alcohol, and smoking. As currently, no guidelines exist in the literature for nutrition or behavioral modifications for pregnancy after LSG, counseling is based on previously published literature for bariatric and healthy pregnancy nutrition separately. Each participant will received 8 follow-up sessions for dietary counseling.

Enrollment

60 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

20 to 40 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Pregnancy
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
  • control group - healthy pregnant women

Exclusion criteria

  • multiple pregnancy
  • chronic diseases
  • post 15 weeks pregnancy.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

60 participants in 2 patient groups

intervention group
Experimental group
Description:
Pregnant post bariatric surgery women will receive nutritional counseling from a specialist dietitian, to ensure a healthy balanced diet including adequate daily servings from all food groups, intake of essential nutrient during pregnancy such as iron and folic acid and limitation of high-sugar and fatty foods. Patients will also be advised concerning eating at scheduled times (e.g., 4-6 times daily), supplements, preference of water. Advice concerning healthy cooking methods will also be given, as well as advised to avoid soft drinks, drinking during meals, grazing and emotional eating, and fast foods. Subject of lifestyle in general - encouraged to incorporate suitable physical activity on most days, refraining from alcohol, and smoking. intervention: nutrition counseling
Treatment:
Behavioral: nutrition counseling
control group
No Intervention group
Description:
The control group is comprised of healthy pregnant women, of similar age, smoking behavior and background. No treatment will be given, just follow-up data collection.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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