Effect of Senobi Versus Buteyko Technique on Functional Performance of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patient.


Riphah International University




Shortness of Breath


Combination Product: pursed lip breathing

Study type


Funder types



REC/ 0346 samar

Details and patient eligibility


Effect of Senobi breathing exercise versus Buteyko breathing technique on functional performance among chronic obstructive pulmonary patient.

Full description

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that cause obstructed airflow from the lungs. Symptoms include Breathing difficulty. cough, mucus production and wheezing. Its typically caused by long term exposure to irritating gasses or particulate matter, most often from cigarette smoker. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are two most common condition that contribute to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is progressive disease that gets over a time. Clinical trials will be Conducted in Gulab Devi chest hospital in Lahore. Through the convenient sampling Technique. Which will be allocated through the random sampling two groups are involved group A and group B. In group A check the effect of Senobi techniques (stretch the body) and in group B check the effect of Buteyko technique. (Inhale the through the nose while mouth is closed) by using 6 mint walk test, Borg scale and quality of life questionnaire. Apply the technique to check the effectiveness of dyspnea and quality of life of patient The Buteyko technique offers a complementary method of reliving respiratory symptoms based on the voluntary control of breathing as well as considering the effect of environmental and dietary trigger. Data will be collected by the questionnaire and analyzed by using statistical package for the social science SPSS software version 21. The Buteyko method made its way to Australia to Europe and the unite states in 1990, it become best for the asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patient. The Senobi stretch exercise of the respiratory muscle improve the chest expansion and also improve the chest wall mobility in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patient. Senobi breathing exercise was found to be effective for depression and it regulate the sympathetic nerve activity.


32 patients




40 to 80 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age 40 -80
  • COPD patient in stage 2 (GOLD criteria)
  • Dyspnea (FEV1< 70 %)(26)
  • Maximum expiratory pressure: 50%
  • Smoker

Exclusion criteria

  • Patient with Tumor
  • Patient with Cardiac Arrhythmias Patient
  • Patient with cancer
  • insulin dependent diabetes
  • patient with thyroid disease

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

32 participants in 2 patient groups

Buteyko technique
Experimental group
GROUP A'(Buteyko technique) Participant in group A will be instructed to perform the Buteyko breathing exercise. Patient either on the sitting position or standing position. Patient will be relaxed the shoulder and rest lower back against the back of chair. Close the mouth while only breathing through nose. Breath into the diaphragm and chest should be still. Exhale slowly, then hold the breath. Use the index finger and thumb to plug the nose, Hold the breath until there is urge to breath Then inhale Repeat several times. With in 15 minutes.
Combination Product: pursed lip breathing
Senobi technique
Active Comparator group
GROUP B (Senobi techniques) Senobi breathing exercise will be performed from standing, Arms will be extended firmly, The neck was extended so as face the ceiling. And the patient instructed to avoid over exertion Take a deep breath, hold for 3 second and then exhale through mouth. The time of exercise will be 15 minutes.
Combination Product: pursed lip breathing

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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