Effectiveness of Online Training in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Maneuvers for a Network of Volunteers. (EFORCP)


Fundacio d'Investigacio en Atencio Primaria Jordi Gol i Gurina


Begins enrollment this month


Cardiopulmonary Arrest With Successful Resuscitation
Cardiorespiratory Arrest


Other: online CPR-AED training

Study type


Funder types



4R23/440 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility


Background: Cardiorespiratory arrest (CPA) occurs when there is a cessation of cardiac mechanical activity, typically diagnosed by the absence of consciousness, pulse, and breathing. Actions taken in response to CPA include recognizing the condition and promptly notifying emergency medical services, initiating Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) maneuvers, and employing an Automated External Defibrillator (AED). Survival rates are directly influenced by the time elapsed between CPA onset and the initiation of CPR maneuvers, as well as the quality of these interventions Hypotheses: Online education in CPR maneuvers is an effective and efficient tool for training individuals from the general population on how to respond to cardiac arrests Objectives: The primary aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of online CPR and AED training within the general population of the province of Tarragona. Specific objectives include: 1) evaluating participants' theoretical and practical CPR skills in the short and medium term following online training, and 2) exploring the experiences of individuals who have completed the online training and simulation sessions using qualitative methodology. Methodology:This study will unfold in several phases: 1) Online CPR-AED training and assessment of theoretical knowledge acquisition; 2) Evaluation of acquired practical CPR skills (know-how) within a simulation environment, conducted on a subset of the population completing phase 1;3)Analysis of the experiences of a subset of individuals who have participated in the preceding two phases, employing qualitative methodology Variables and determinations:The primary response variable for phase 1 will be the difference in scores obtained from the online questionnaire between the final (post-training) and initial (pre-training) assessments. In phase 2, the main variable will be the pass/fail categorization of scores in the simulation. This evaluation will be conducted by two members of the Advanced Clinical Simulation Unit at Joan XXII Hospital using a predefined checklist. Throughout the various phases of the study, socio-demographic data and course performance data will be taken into account Expected results: The research team for this study aims to ascertain the efficacy and effectiveness of online CPR-AED training within the general population. Furthermore, the study aims to provide evidence regarding the optimal duration and frequency for repeating such training. Applicability and Relevance: This proposal advocates for a significant and innovative project, given the dearth of literature on this topic. While there are existing indications and studies on CPR-AED training among specific populations such as students and healthcare professionals, the presented proposal seeks to broaden the scope of training to encompass the general population.

Full description

Study Development: The recruitment period spans from June 2024 to June 2025. Individuals meeting the selection criteria will have access to the online training. Upon registration, they will be notified of the study's existence, and if they consent, their data may be analyzed in phase 1. Participants will also be informed about phase 2 and asked for their interest in participating. Those interested will need to provide contact information (telephone and/or email). For phase 2, a random sample will be drawn from individuals expressing interest in the simulation. All participants in this phase will receive an information sheet and will be required to sign an informed consent form. Phase 1: Online CPR and AED Training and Evaluation of Theoretical Skills Participants will be administered a questionnaire on CPR-AED knowledge before and after completing the online training. This questionnaire, tailored specifically for the course, adheres to the recommendations of the Spanish Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Council. It comprises five questions in various formats (e.g., multiple-choice, sequencing actions). To obtain the training certificate, participants must answer all five questions correctly, with unlimited attempts permitted. The primary response variable for this phase will be the difference between the final score (on the first attempt) and the initial score. Additionally, the number of attempts made until achieving the maximum score (5) will be recorded as a variable Phase 2: Evaluation of Practical Skills Acquired afetr the online training through Simulations Monthly evaluations will be conducted at the Advanced Clinical Simulation Unit of HJ23 (Hospital Universitari Joan XXIII), with 15 participants per session. This structure ensures that three random samples of 52 individuals each will be evaluated at 3, 6, and 12 months following completion of the online training. To assess phase 2 (simulation), two evaluators from the Advanced Clinical Simulation Unit of HJ23, who are independent of the research team, will complete a checklist based on their observations of the participants' performance during the evaluation. The evaluation will be considered successful if the participant adequately performs eight out of nine actions on the checklist, with a high agreement between evaluators (Kappa index greater than 0.8). The primary response variable for this practical assessment will be the percentage of participants who pass the test. Additionally, the time elapsed between completion of the online training and the simulation will be recorded. Statistical Analysis: A descriptive analysis of the study population will be conducted for both participants in phase one and the subsample undertaking simulations. Continuous variables will be presented as mean (± standard deviation) or median and interquartile range (IQR), while categorical variables will be expressed as absolute and relative frequencies. To compare scores in the pre- and post-training tests (phase 1), the Student's t-test for related samples or the non-parametric Wilcoxon test will be utilized. For phase 2, absolute and relative frequencies of individuals passing tests (overall and by period) will be provided, along with 95% confidence intervals. Additionally, the success percentage for each assessed item will be analyzed. These scores will be compared across different periods (3, 6, and 12 months) using the Chi-square or Fisher's exact test if necessary. Furthermore, multivariate regression models will be explored, with the response variable being the dichotomous pass/fail variable (binary logistic regression) in phase 2, and including other study variables as adjustment variables. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) will be provided for all variables included in the final models. This analysis aims to identify variables associated with succes obtained in the simulation (phase 2). The threshold for statistical significance is set at p<0.05. All statistical analyses will be performed using the R Statistics program (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria; version 4.1.2 or later). Phase 3: Evaluation of Participants' Experience For the qualitative study, interviews will be conducted with focus groups consisting of four to six individuals, selected based on representativeness criteria, from those who have completed both previous phases (online training and simulation). The objective of this phase is to gain insight into participants' experiences and, based on these insights, to adapt and enhance the online training program. Participants will be asked about the strengths and weaknesses of the training and assessments in both phases, and will be encouraged to provide suggestions for improvement.


156 estimated patients




18+ years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Over 18 years of age
  • Residents in the municipalities of Camp de Tarragona
  • With internet access

Exclusion criteria

  • Language difficulties
  • Disability that prevents the correct completion or performance of a CPR maneuver (exclusion criteria for moving to phase 2)

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

156 participants in 1 patient group

Online training
Other group
Participants will perform an online training in CPR-AED
Other: online CPR-AED training

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Ester Granado-Font, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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