Effectiveness of OZ439 Against Early Plasmodium Falciparum Blood Stage Infection in Healthy Volunteers

M

Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Malaria

Treatments

Drug: OZ439

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02453581
QP12C10

Details and patient eligibility

About

A single centre, open, controlled study using Blood Stage Plasmodium falciparum challenge inoculum (BSPC) as a model to assess the effectiveness of three dose levels of the experimental anti-malarial product, OZ439.

Full description

This was a single center study using blood stage Plasmodium falciparum challenge inoculum to characterize the effectiveness of OZ439 against early blood stage Plasmodium Falciparum infection. The study was conducted in three cohorts (n=8) using different doses of OZ439. Dose escalation took place after review of the observed OZ439 safety and pharmacodynamic outcome for the previous cohort by the Safety Review Team. Single doses of 100 mg, 200 mg and 500 mg were administered orally to participants in Cohort 1, Cohort 2 and Cohort 3 respectively.

Enrollment

24 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 45 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Volunteers will be adults (males or non pregnant females), aged between 18 and 45 years who do not live alone (from Day 1 until at least the end of the antimalarial drug treatment).
  • Volunteers must have a BMI within the range 18-30.
  • Volunteers must understand the procedures involved and agree to participate in the study by giving fully informed, written consent.
  • Be contactable and available for the duration of the trial (maximum of 4 weeks).
  • Volunteers must be non-smokers and in good health, as assessed during pre-study medical examination and by review of screening results.
  • Female participants of childbearing potential, should be surgically sterile or using an insertable, injectable, transdermal, or combination oral contraceptive approved by the US FDA or Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) combined with a barrier contraceptive through completion of the study and have negative results on a serum or urine pregnancy test done before administration of study medication.
  • Good peripheral venous access.

Exclusion criteria

  • History of malaria.
  • Travelled to or lived (2 weeks or more) in a malaria-endemic country during the past 12 months or planned travel to a malaria-endemic country during the course of the study.
  • Has evidence of increased cardiovascular disease risk (defined as greater than 10%, 5 year risk)
  • History of splenectomy.
  • History of a severe allergic reaction, anaphylaxis or convulsions following any vaccination or infusion.
  • Presence of current or suspected serious chronic diseases such as cardiac or autoimmune disease (HIV or other immunodeficiencies), insulin dependent diabetes, progressive neurological disease, severe malnutrition, acute or progressive hepatic disease, acute or progressive renal disease, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, epilepsy or obsessive compulsive disorder, skin carcinoma excluding non-spreadable skin cancers such as basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Known inherited genetic anomaly (known as cytogenetic disorders) e.g., Down's syndrome
  • Volunteers unwilling to defer blood donations to the Australian Red Cross Blood Service (ARCBS) for 6 months.
  • The volunteer has a diagnosis of schizophrenia, severe depression, bi-polar disease, or other severe (disabling) chronic psychiatric diagnosis. Participants who are receiving a single antidepressant drug and are stable for at least 3 months prior to enrollment without decompensating may be allowed to enroll in the study at the investigator's discretion. 10) Presence of acute infectious disease or fever (e.g., sub-lingual temperature 38.5 degrees C) within the five days prior to study product administration.
  • Evidence of acute illness within the four weeks before trial prior to screening.
  • Significant intercurrent disease of any type, in particular liver, renal, cardiac, pulmonary, neurologic, rheumatologic, or autoimmune disease by history, physical examination, and/or laboratory studies including urinalysis.
  • Have ever received a blood transfusion.
  • Evidence of any condition that, in the opinion of the clinical investigator, might interfere with the evaluation of the study objectives or pose excessive risks to participants.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

24 participants in 3 patient groups

OZ439 100mg
Experimental group
Description:
OZ439 100mg Powder for Oral Suspension
Treatment:
Drug: OZ439
OZ439 200mg
Experimental group
Description:
OZ439 200mg Powder for Oral Suspension
Treatment:
Drug: OZ439
OZ439 500mg
Experimental group
Description:
OZ439 500mg Powder for Oral Suspension
Treatment:
Drug: OZ439

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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