Effectiveness of Treatment for Relational Aggression in Urban African American Girls

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) logo

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Aggression

Treatments

Behavioral: Friend to Friend program
Behavioral: Psychoeducational attention control intervention

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00510094
DSIR 84-CTS
R01MH075787 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
2006-10-5013

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based social cognitive group treatment in reducing aggression (bullying) among relationally aggressive urban African American girls.

Full description

Relational aggression, also known as "female bullying," is a type of psychological aggression in which covert tactics are used to harm other people and their relationships. These tactics include humiliation, intimidation, coercing, shaming, malicious teasing, shunning, and using other forms of emotional abuse in an attempt to harm others. Although aggressive behavior is typically common among younger children, most children become less aggressive as they mature and develop better interpersonal skills. However, consistent aggressive behavior can lead to further problems and increased violence in the aggressor. In this study, a social cognitive anger management group intervention called Friend to Friend (F2F) will be evaluated as a way to develop more productive social and emotional functioning among relationally aggressive urban African American girls. Participants will be randomly assigned to either the F2F program or a psycho-educational attention control (PAC) group. All participants will attend 40-minute treatment sessions twice a week for a total of 10 weeks. The sessions will occur during the girls' lunch or recess period. Participants assigned to the F2F program will learn how to identify signs of physiological arousal, react to a potential conflict while generating alternatives to the solution, and apply previously discussed social cognitive strategies to different situations. Culturally specific cartoons, videotape illustrations, and role playing will be used to portray these improved strategies and behaviors. Participants assigned to the PAC group will learn different organization and homework strategies as well as how to improve their study skills in an attempt to improve their overall academic performance. Outcomes will be assessed through observation, school reports, and questionnaires for all participants at baseline, immediately after treatment, and 9 months after treatment.

Enrollment

144 patients

Sex

Female

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Schools :

  • Urban school located in Southwest Philadelphia
  • Student body is more than 80% African American
  • Large school with at least three classrooms per grade
  • Not currently involved with systematic anti-aggression social skills program

Inclusion Criteria for Participants:

  • In the 3rd, 4th, or 5th grade
  • Meets diagnostic criteria for relational aggression

Exclusion Criteria for Participants:

Enrolled in special education and not integrated into a regular education classroom

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

144 participants in 2 patient groups

1
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive the Friend to Friend program
Treatment:
Behavioral: Friend to Friend program
2
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants will receive the psychoeducational attention control intervention
Treatment:
Behavioral: Psychoeducational attention control intervention

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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