Effects of Active Release Technique and Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization in Patients With Migraine


Riphah International University




Migraine Disorders


Other: Active Release Technique
Other: Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Rationale of this research is to evaluate the outcome of active release technique and Instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization on trigger points in subjects with Migraine. The significance of this study is to identify which technique is superior in alleviating the symptoms of migraine. This study will help gather evidence on the practice of incorporating trigger point therapy in the treatment of Migraine.

Full description

Migraine is a neurological condition that typically causes painful headache attacks lasting from four to 72 hours that occur with additional symptoms, such as sensitivity to light, sound, smell, or touch. Migraines occur most frequently in the morning, especially upon waking. Migraines can be triggered by stress or hormones. Migraine attacks are debilitating and can hinder the day to day activities and productivity of the patient. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of active release technique and instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization on trigger points. It was a randomized, controlled trial, conducted among migraine patients. Sample size was 54 by using Epitool software. Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group after a baseline assessment with a lottery ticket and an opaque envelope.All participants in both groups were evaluated on baseline and post-intervention.


54 patients




18 to 30 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Both male and female 18-30 years Trigger points in Trapezius , Sternocleidomastoid and Sub-occipitals (Identified using Travel and Simmons Criteria) Migraine without Aura Subjects were cognitively capable and competent to follow the instructions

Exclusion criteria

Dysfunctions in the temporomandibular joint. Participant with a history of basilar migraine or hemiplegic migraine Fracture of Cervical Spine Currently on Medication for Migraine

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

54 participants in 2 patient groups

Active Release Technique
Experimental group
Individuals in Group A will be subjected to Heat Therapy over the targeted muscles via hot pack for 5 minutes in every session along with passive stretching for 5 minutes Group A will receive Active release technique on targeted muscles. The participant was comfortably seated and rested the forehead on the forearms .To apply for the release, the active TrP was identified, and sustained and constant pressure was applied. For stretching of the SCM muscle, the patient performed contralateral lateral flexion and ipsilateral rotation of the head to achieve stretching, for trapezius the therapist performed lateral flexion of the neck.The treatment regimen will span over 3 weeks with a follow up frequency of 2 sessions per week.
Other: Active Release Technique
Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization
Experimental group
Group A will be subjected to Heat Therapy for 5minutes along with Stretching for 5 minutes .Group B will be Subjected to IASTM using M2T blade for approximately 3 minutes per muscle. Lubricant was applied and the tool was cleaned with an alcohol pad.the tool was used to locate soft tissue restrictions in the muscles. Then, the therapist applied IASTM strokes for 20 seconds parallel to muscle fibers, followed by strokes for 20 seconds perpendicular to muscle fibers with the tool held at a 45° to the skin Treatment time was 3 minutes. Cryotherapy was applied for 10 minutes after the session. The treatment regimen will span over 3 weeks with a follow up frequency of 2 sessions per week.
Other: Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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