Effects of Lateral Trunk Support on Spinal Alignment in Spinal Cord Injured Persons

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National Taiwan University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Scoliosis
Spinal Cord Injury

Treatments

Device: Lateral trunk support of wheelchair seating

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00154505
NSC 91-2314-B-002-393
9261701245
NSC 92-2314-B-002-084

Details and patient eligibility

About

The effects of lateral trunk supports (LTS) in special seating on the spinal alignment of 17 spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects with scoliosis were studied using bi-planar radiographs. The LTS improved significantly the functional scoliotic spinal alignment in the frontal and sagittal planes regardless of the severity of scoliosis.

Full description

SCI patients often develop progressive scoliosis due to loss of muscular support to maintain good sitting posture. Special seating with LTS has been widely used in clinical practice to improve their sitting postures. However, little is known as to how this can affect the scoliotic curve.The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of lateral trunk supports (LTS) in special seating on the spinal alignment of spinal cord injured (SCI) individuals with scoliosis. Ten male and seven female SCI subjects with scoliosis sat on an experimental chair with and without LTS while radiographs of the spine in the anteroposterior and lateral directions were taken. Radiographs of the spine in the A-P and lateral directions were taken with a digital radiographic imaging system (Saturn 9000 M, Comed., Korea). For each direction, the complete image of the spine was obtained from separate x-ray images of the upper and lower trunk due to the limited field of view of the x-ray machine. The Cobb angles and scoliotic indices based on the anteroposterior radiographic images and the angles of the thoracic and lumber spine based on lateral were calculated.

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

(1) C4-T12 SCI, (2) onset over 1 year, (3) sitting on the wheelchair more than 4 hours per day, (4) diagnosed thoracic or lumbar scoliosis through A-P radiographs, (5) flexible scoliosis, confirmed by supine and side-lying bending radiographs.

Exclusion criteria

inflexible scoliosis

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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